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# In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many

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Intern
Joined: 03 Nov 2004
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In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2004, 23:32
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In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

a. speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
c. speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
d. speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
e. speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell

can anyone explain the difference betwen b & c?

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Director
Joined: 29 Oct 2004
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29 Dec 2004, 06:34
(C)
Past perfect needed
(B) is wrong b/c of the part after ";"

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Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2004
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30 Dec 2004, 09:26
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

a. speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
---having bought seems incomplete
---"having had to sell their selling" doesn't make any sense.
c. speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
---Proper usage of tense.
d. speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
---"those who" unnessary. Again had to sell their selling is wrong.
e. speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell
---tense problem. Also this complicates the sentence.

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Bhimsen Joshi

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Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2004
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30 Dec 2004, 09:26
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

a. speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
---having bought seems incomplete
---"having had to sell their selling" doesn't make any sense.
c. speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
---Proper usage of tense.
d. speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
---"those who" unnessary. Again had to sell their selling is wrong.
e. speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell
---tense problem. Also this complicates the sentence.

_________________

Wish you all good luck
Bhimsen Joshi

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2004
Posts: 62

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

Location: Find me if you can

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30 Dec 2004, 09:27
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

a. speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
---having bought seems incomplete
---"having had to sell their selling" doesn't make any sense.
c. speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
---Proper usage of tense.
d. speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
---"those who" unnessary. Again had to sell their selling is wrong.
e. speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell
---tense problem. Also this complicates the sentence.

_________________

Wish you all good luck
Bhimsen Joshi

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 0

30 Dec 2004, 09:27
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# In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many

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