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In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to

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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 01:39
adkikani wrote:
hi GMATNinja GMATNinja2 Experts

what does pronoun those refer to ? India's rice production or 41 million tons.


Hello Arpit/ adkikani,

The plural pronoun those has no logical antecedent in the original sentence.

Just replace those with both the nouns you have suggested in your post. You will see that none of the nouns will convey the intended meaning.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 01:45
Saumya2403 wrote:
what is wrong with answer choice E



Hello Saumya2403,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

There are the following two errors in Choice E:

1. Using fewer to refer to rice production is incorrect. Less should be used to refer to quantities.

2. Since the pronoun that refers back to India’s rice production, use of India’s is redundant here.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 12:34
egmat wrote:
Jabjagotabhisavera wrote:
Hi

I marked answer as "A" because I thought those refers to "tonnage/tons" of harvest. So the option "A" becomes "less than "tonnage/tons"of the 1978 harvest". Is it not correct?

Please clear my doubt.



Hello Jabjagotabhisavera,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

Let's focus on the meaning if those refers to 41 million tons in the original sentence.

The sentence would convey that in 1979, India produced nearly 25 percent less than 41 million tons of the 1978 harvest.

Does this information make sense? No because the sentence clearly says that India produced 41 million tons of rice in 1979. This production was 25 less than the production in 1978.

But per the above-mentioned sentence, India produces less than 41 million tons in 1979.

So you see the illogical meaning due to the incorrect reference of pronoun those.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Thanks E-GMAT.
I should have thought about this construction before marking the answer.
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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 08:56
"B" is the correct choice.

"D" and "E" are out for the usage of 'fewer'
A - those of
C - compared with 1978
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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2017, 05:40
jitgoel wrote:
betterscore wrote:
In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to about 41 million tons, nearly 25 percent less than those of the 1978 harvest.

(A) less than those of the 1978 harvest

(B) less than the 1978 harvest

(C) less than 1978

(D) fewer than 1978

(E) fewer than that of India's 1978 harvest



Less than in the start of phrase should be there so, D and E are out. however, after less than "that of" is required to make it parallel. "Those of" is wrong as it comes when noun is plural. "C' is also out.
But why "B" is right I dont know.

Anyone, please explain.



Out of choice A and B, less than those of is used for a plural term and here we are referring to just an year. So less than the 1978 harvest is correct.

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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2017, 20:35
Hi Experts,

Could you please tell what type of a modifier is "nearly 25 percent less.... harvest" is? It is placed at the end of the sentence after the comma, and is modifying a noun earlier in the substance (rice production). If this is an absolute phrase, then those are usually in the form (Noun + Noun modifier), but I am not able to understand the structure of this phrase? Please advise.

Thank you!
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In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2017, 05:18
yt770 wrote:
Hi Experts,

Could you please tell what type of a modifier is "nearly 25 percent less.... harvest" is? It is placed at the end of the sentence after the comma, and is modifying a noun earlier in the substance (rice production). If this is an absolute phrase, then those are usually in the form (Noun + Noun modifier), but I am not able to understand the structure of this phrase? Please advise.

Thank you!


It is not an absolute phrase. First note that adjectives (and adjective phrases) are noun modifiers. Now observe that, "25 percent less than the 1978 harvest" is an adjective phrase ["less" is the head (comparative) adjective of the phrase].

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In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2017, 05:18

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