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In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to

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e-GMAT Representative
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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 02:39
adkikani wrote:
hi GMATNinja GMATNinja2 Experts

what does pronoun those refer to ? India's rice production or 41 million tons.


Hello Arpit/ adkikani,

The plural pronoun those has no logical antecedent in the original sentence.

Just replace those with both the nouns you have suggested in your post. You will see that none of the nouns will convey the intended meaning.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Kudos [?]: 9041 [0], given: 335

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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 02:45
Saumya2403 wrote:
what is wrong with answer choice E



Hello Saumya2403,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

There are the following two errors in Choice E:

1. Using fewer to refer to rice production is incorrect. Less should be used to refer to quantities.

2. Since the pronoun that refers back to India’s rice production, use of India’s is redundant here.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 13:34
egmat wrote:
Jabjagotabhisavera wrote:
Hi

I marked answer as "A" because I thought those refers to "tonnage/tons" of harvest. So the option "A" becomes "less than "tonnage/tons"of the 1978 harvest". Is it not correct?

Please clear my doubt.



Hello Jabjagotabhisavera,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

Let's focus on the meaning if those refers to 41 million tons in the original sentence.

The sentence would convey that in 1979, India produced nearly 25 percent less than 41 million tons of the 1978 harvest.

Does this information make sense? No because the sentence clearly says that India produced 41 million tons of rice in 1979. This production was 25 less than the production in 1978.

But per the above-mentioned sentence, India produces less than 41 million tons in 1979.

So you see the illogical meaning due to the incorrect reference of pronoun those.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Thanks E-GMAT.
I should have thought about this construction before marking the answer.
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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 09:56
"B" is the correct choice.

"D" and "E" are out for the usage of 'fewer'
A - those of
C - compared with 1978
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Re: In 1979 lack of rain reduced India's rice production to   [#permalink] 23 Sep 2017, 09:56

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