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In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.

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In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2015, 02:48
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  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (01:43) correct 57% (01:49) wrong based on 310 sessions

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In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line. In 1990, only 12% of families lived under the poverty line. But that doesn’t mean fewer families were living in poverty. Indeed, the statistics hide the fact that more families were actually living in destitution. The difference in percentages appears because the poverty line was redefined and the income level was reduced. Thus, many families were above the poverty line even though they did not earn any more income.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most strengthen this argument?

a. This kind of statistical manipulation is appalling.

b. A nationwide recession occurred in 1980 and an economic boom occurred in the 1990s.

c. Republicans were in power in 1980, whereas Democrats were in power in 1990.

d. The poverty line is regularly adjusted (income level raised) to account for inflation.

e. The number of welfare recipients in 1990 was 11% higher than in 1980.
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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2015, 02:12
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dominicraj wrote:
In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line. In 1990, only 12% of families lived under the poverty line. But that doesn’t mean fewer families were living in poverty. Indeed, the statistics hide the fact that more families were actually living in destitution. The difference in percentages appears because the poverty line was redefined and the income level was reduced. Thus, many families were above the poverty line even though they did not earn any more income.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most strengthen this argument?

a. This kind of statistical manipulation is appalling.

b. A nationwide recession occurred in 1980 and an economic boom occurred in the 1990s.

c. Republicans were in power in 1980, whereas Democrats were in power in 1990.

d. The poverty line is regularly adjusted (income level raised) to account for inflation.

e. The number of welfare recipients in 1990 was 11% higher than in 1980.


The key to solve any CR question is to be objective and take each answer choice literally.

Which of the following would strengthen the argument? In other words, which option would help explain that some people actually did not earn more and yet they were no more below poverty line, a phenomenon that has to be explained by either political or economic manipulation of the policies.

A) Appalling! Ok But how does it explain the above? Incorrect!
B)This, in fact, weakens the argument. If there were an economic boom in 1990, people would have earned more.
C)Ok So what! Do we know the policies of each party? Does not help! Incorrect!
D)This is what indicates political or economic manipulation by lawmakers. Looks Good!
E)This is obviously a strong contender. However, even people above poverty line can receive some or the other welfare. This does not necessarily apply to only people below poverty line. Therefore, incorrect.
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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2015, 00:24
What's the source of this problem?

Though, OA can't be refuted, in such questions, additional information is cited to stregthen the conclusion rather then premise is recited.

I did a good search and was unable to find this question. Don't study from non authentic source as this might just weaken your understanding.
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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2015, 01:24
Hi,

Source:

L e a r n i n g E x p r e s s ®’ s
GMAT® EXAM
SUCCESS
In Only 4 Steps!
Elizabeth Chesla
and Colleen Schultz

I cant comment on the authenticity of the source but the author seems to have written quite a few books on GMAT.

Regards,
Dom.
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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2015, 12:24
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The Poverty line was adjusted (income level raised) doesn't it say income level was raised but not decreased which means that more number of people would be under poverty?
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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2015, 12:50
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D is the only solution that reinforces the fact from the premise that poverty line was adjusted/ redefined.

Sometimes, no solution addresses the issue completely. We need to find the one with least inaccuracy.
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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2015, 13:05
yeah i understood after re reading....we need to find an option that reinstates the idea that poverty line is adjusted as per convenience.
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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2018, 09:17
abhimahna , GMATNinja

I rejected D because it talks about increasing the income level whereas the passage says that the poverty line was redefined(income level reduced). Still confused in between D and E.
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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2019, 01:58
Can someone please explain why "d" is correct ....in the passage it is given that income reduced and answer choice says income level increases ...

Both the statement are contradictory....


Anyone please explain how to check

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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2019, 21:57
dominicraj wrote:
In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line. In 1990, only 12% of families lived under the poverty line. But that doesn’t mean fewer families were living in poverty. Indeed, the statistics hide the fact that more families were actually living in destitution. The difference in percentages appears because the poverty line was redefined and the income level was reduced. Thus, many families were above the poverty line even though they did not earn any more income.

Which of the following statements, if true, would most strengthen this argument?

a. This kind of statistical manipulation is appalling.

b. A nationwide recession occurred in 1980 and an economic boom occurred in the 1990s.

c. Republicans were in power in 1980, whereas Democrats were in power in 1990.

d. The poverty line is regularly adjusted (income level raised) to account for inflation.

e. The number of welfare recipients in 1990 was 11% higher than in 1980.


Official Explanation



Correct Answer: D

Including the fact that the poverty line is regularly raised to account for inflation would significantly strengthen the conclusion that more families were living in poverty in 1990 despite the lower percentage of families under the poverty line. Choice a is an opinion that expresses anger at statistical manipulation but does not provide a premise that would further support the conclusion. Choice b offers information that might help account for a normal difference in the number of families living in poverty, but the passage doesnt argue that fewer families were in poverty in 1990; rather, it argues the opposite. Choice c is essentially irrelevant.

Democrats and Republicans may have certain agendas and institute certain social policies, but this is not relevant unless the reader knows a specific Democratic or Republican measure taken to affect the poverty level. Choice e suggests that many more poor people needed assistance in 1990 than 1980, but it is essentially irrelevant without further information showing the correlation between welfare recipients and the poverty line; it may be an apples-to-oranges comparison. You would need to know if any significant changes in welfare policy occurred in the interim.
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Re: In 1980, 18% of American families lived under the poverty line.   [#permalink] 17 Sep 2019, 21:57
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