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# In 1980, 20 percent of women in the United States suffered from high

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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1716
In 1980, 20 percent of women in the United States suffered from high  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2019, 06:50
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (01:20) correct 21% (01:28) wrong based on 136 sessions

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In 1980, 20 percent of women in the United States suffered from high blood pressure, 10 percent more than in 1970. This change can partially be attributed to a growing number of women working in jobs associated with high stress levels.

Which of the following can be properly inferred from the passage above?

A. In 1990, more than 50 percent of women in the United States suffered from high blood pressure.
B. The number of women in the overall population increased from 1970 to 1980.
C. On the average, women worked more hours in 1980 than they did in 1970.
D. Before 1970, women who did not work outnumbered women who worked.
E. There may be a correlation between jobs associated with high stress levels and high blood pressure.

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My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
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Joined: 28 Aug 2018
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Re: In 1980, 20 percent of women in the United States suffered from high  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2019, 10:23
IMO E

there seems to be some co relation of high BP with high stress job
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Re: In 1980, 20 percent of women in the United States suffered from high  [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2019, 08:26
aragonn wrote:
In 1980, 20 percent of women in the United States suffered from high blood pressure, 10 percent more than in 1970. This change can partially be attributed to a growing number of women working in jobs associated with high stress levels.

Which of the following can be properly inferred from the passage above?

A. In 1990, more than 50 percent of women in the United States suffered from high blood pressure.
B. The number of women in the overall population increased from 1970 to 1980.
C. On the average, women worked more hours in 1980 than they did in 1970.
D. Before 1970, women who did not work outnumbered women who worked.
E. There may be a correlation between jobs associated with high stress levels and high blood pressure.

Official Explanation:

The question stem asks which answer choice can be inferred from the argument. Since the correct answer choice must be supported by the argument, this is an inference question. Do not bother breaking the passage into its conclusion, premise, and assumption for inference questions. Instead, focus on what the passage states directly. The correct answer must be true based on the facts in the passage. The passage states that 10 percent more women suffered from high blood pressure in 1980 than in 1970, and this change can be partially attributed to a growing number of women in high stress jobs.

Recognize that this passage contains an interpretation of evidence pattern. It states that in 1980, 20 percent of women in the United States suffered from high blood pressure, 10 percent more than in 1970, and then asserts that this change can be partially attributed to a growing number of women working in jobs associated with high stress levels. The question asks what can be inferred, so look for an answer choice that must be supported based on the interpretation of the evidence. Evaluate the answer choices.

Choice A: No. The year 1990 is out of scope. The argument provides no information regarding the percentages of women suffering from high blood pressure outside of the years of 1970 and 1980.

Choice B: No. The number of women in the overall population is out of scope. The argument provides no information regarding the number of women in the population overall, only that there was a growing number of women working in jobs associated with high stress levels.

Choice C: No. The number of hours women worked is out of scope. The argument provides no information regarding the total number of hours women worked in 1970 or 1980, only that there was a growing number of women working in jobs associated with high stress levels.

Choice D: No. Before 1970 is out of scope. The argument provides no information beyond the years of 1970 and 1980.

Choice E: Correct. This choice is supported by the argument. That there may be a correlation between jobs associated with high stress levels and high blood pressure matches the statement in the passage that the fact that ten percent more women in the United States suffered from high blood pressure in 1980 than in 1970 can partially be attributed to a growing number of women working in jobs associated with high stress levels.

The correct answer is choice E.
_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
Re: In 1980, 20 percent of women in the United States suffered from high   [#permalink] 27 Mar 2019, 08:26
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