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# In 1981 children in the United States spent an average of

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Manager
Joined: 13 Mar 2006
Posts: 73
In 1981 children in the United States spent an average of [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2006, 08:38
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (01:02) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 6 sessions

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In 1981 children in the United States spent an average
of slightly less than two and a half hours a week doing
household chores; by 1997 they had spent nearly six
hours a week.
A. chores; by 1997 they had spent nearly six hours
a week
B. chores; by 1997 that figure had grown to nearly
six hours a week
C. chores, whereas nearly six hours a week were
spent in 1997
D. chores, compared with a figure of nearly six hours
a week in 1997
E. chores, that figure growing to nearly six hours a
week in 1997
_________________

GMAT by 8th JUL

VP
Joined: 14 May 2006
Posts: 1403

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14 Jul 2006, 09:04
I say A

B. isn't ||... were talking about children as a subject and shifted to figure
C. passive voice
D. "compared with" isn't correct... we are comparing the same thing, so should be "compared to"
E. the figure is still growing, but 1997 already passed... so incorrect tense
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 903

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14 Jul 2006, 09:23
u2lover wrote:
I say A

B. isn't ||... were talking about children as a subject and shifted to figure
C. passive voice
D. "compared with" isn't correct... we are comparing the same thing, so should be "compared to"
E. the figure is still growing, but 1997 already passed... so incorrect tense

u2lover,

A small correction:

"compare with" is used to identify both the similarities and the differences of like things.
"compare to" is used to identify either the similarities or the differences between two unlike things.

I am taking D.

In 1981 children in the United States spent an average of slightly less than two and a half hours a week doing household chores compared with a figure of nearly six hours a week in 1997.

Similar SC:

In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old maleâ€™s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.
(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984

OA is B.

Regards,
Brajesh
VP
Joined: 14 May 2006
Posts: 1403

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14 Jul 2006, 09:35
b14kumar wrote:
u2lover wrote:
I say A

B. isn't ||... were talking about children as a subject and shifted to figure
C. passive voice
D. "compared with" isn't correct... we are comparing the same thing, so should be "compared to"
E. the figure is still growing, but 1997 already passed... so incorrect tense

u2lover,

A small correction:

"compare with" is used to identify both the similarities and the differences of like things.
"compare to" is used to identify either the similarities or the differences between two unlike things.

this actually came from MGMAT SC Idiom list...
"compare with" (differences)
"compare to" (similarities)

so I thought we are comparing the same thing meaning the figure... thats why I eliminated it.

any thoughts? one more detail to reseach
VP
Joined: 25 Nov 2004
Posts: 1483

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14 Jul 2006, 09:41
foolbox wrote:
In 1981 children in the United States spent an average
of slightly less than two and a half hours a week doing household chores; by 1997 they had spent nearly six hours a week.

A. chores; by 1997 they had spent nearly six hours a week
B. chores; by 1997 that figure had grown to nearly six hours a week
C. chores, whereas nearly six hours a week were spent in 1997
D. chores, compared with a figure of nearly six hours a week in 1997
E. chores, that figure growing to nearly six hours a week in 1997

Should be C and D but seems both have typos. D looks ok.
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 903

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14 Jul 2006, 09:54
u2lover wrote:
b14kumar wrote:
u2lover wrote:
I say A

B. isn't ||... were talking about children as a subject and shifted to figure
C. passive voice
D. "compared with" isn't correct... we are comparing the same thing, so should be "compared to"
E. the figure is still growing, but 1997 already passed... so incorrect tense

u2lover,

A small correction:

"compare with" is used to identify both the similarities and the differences of like things.
"compare to" is used to identify either the similarities or the differences between two unlike things.

this actually came from MGMAT SC Idiom list...
"compare with" (differences)
"compare to" (similarities)

so I thought we are comparing the same thing meaning the figure... thats why I eliminated it.

any thoughts? one more detail to reseach

We are comparing the like things i.e "amount of time spent".
So we need "compare with".

As per the definition:
"compare with" is used to identify both the similarities and the differences of like things.

I hope this helps.

Regards,
Brajesh
VP
Joined: 14 May 2006
Posts: 1403

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14 Jul 2006, 09:58
from http://www.bartleby.com/64/C003/066.html

Compare usually takes the preposition to when it refers to the activity of describing the resemblances between unlike things:
He compared her to a summer day.
Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer.

It takes with when it refers to the act of examining two like things in order to discern their similarities or differences:
The police compared the forged signature with the original.
The committee will have to compare the Senateâ€™s version of the bill with the version that was passed by the House.

Brajesh... you're right, but any comments on MGMAT SC Idioms list? I am not clear with it...

Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 903

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14 Jul 2006, 10:13
u2lover wrote:
from http://www.bartleby.com/64/C003/066.html

Compare usually takes the preposition to when it refers to the activity of describing the resemblances between unlike things:
He compared her to a summer day.
Scientists sometimes compare the human brain to a computer.

It takes with when it refers to the act of examining two like things in order to discern their similarities or differences:
The police compared the forged signature with the original.
The committee will have to compare the Senateâ€™s version of the bill with the version that was passed by the House.

Brajesh... you're right, but any comments on MGMAT SC Idioms list? I am not clear with it...

u2lover,

I don't have Manhattan GMAT SC Idiom list.
Could you please post some excerpts from the list?
How does MGMAT define the usage of "compare with/to" idioms?

Regards,
Brajesh
VP
Joined: 14 May 2006
Posts: 1403

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14 Jul 2006, 10:17
...
centers on
claims to be
compare to (similarities)
compare with (differences)

concerned with
...
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 903

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14 Jul 2006, 10:27
u2lover wrote:
...
centers on
claims to be
compare to (similarities)
compare with (differences)

concerned with
...

So MGMAT says:
compare to (similarities)
compare with (differences)

This much is not enough to discern the clear and complete definition.

Already posted by you, http://www.bartleby.com/64/C003/066.html has clear explanation. This is a good reference.

Regards,
Brajesh
VP
Joined: 14 May 2006
Posts: 1403

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14 Jul 2006, 19:08
yes that is all it says... may be not enough to draw conclusions, but enough to make a mistake
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5218

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15 Jul 2006, 06:56
A makes an icomplete comparison. spent nearly six hours a week doing what?

Hard call between B and D.

Taking (B) because of the correct use of the semicolon.

OA?

3:32
Manager
Joined: 13 Mar 2006
Posts: 73

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15 Jul 2006, 07:40
No OA for this one.
I myself initially chose D, but...
Doesn't D have a modification problem?
What is compared with? It should be children, the subject of the main clause.

Some of my collegues suggest the answer is E. What do u think?
_________________

GMAT by 8th JUL

Intern
Joined: 03 Jul 2006
Posts: 9
Location: India

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15 Jul 2006, 09:47
I think it is B. Some one please explain why it can be wrong.[/quote]
Manager
Joined: 01 Nov 2005
Posts: 126

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16 Dec 2006, 12:06
B.

google it and found the original article.

http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/ ... i_53365392
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Oct 2006
Posts: 433

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16 Dec 2006, 12:23
A and B are wrong for using past perfect tense. I think its wrong to use this tense here. 1997 comes after 1981 so use of perfect tense is not at all justfiable.

Rest among, C, D and E, I like D the most. Don't have explaination why C and E are wrong.

foolbox wrote:
In 1981 children in the United States spent an average
of slightly less than two and a half hours a week doing
household chores; by 1997 they had spent nearly six
hours a week.
A. chores; by 1997 they had spent nearly six hours
a week
B. chores; by 1997 that figure had grown to nearly
six hours a week
C. chores, whereas nearly six hours a week were
spent in 1997
D. chores, compared with a figure of nearly six hours
a week in 1997
E. chores, that figure growing to nearly six hours a
week in 1997
Re: SC - chores   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2006, 12:23
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