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In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average [#permalink]
24 Mar 2006, 06:38
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In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average scores of high school students on standardized math and English tests did not decline. During the same year, millions of American students enjoyed their first exposure to the new world of the microcomputer, whether in schools, video arcades, or other settings. The conclusion is clear: far from stultifying the intellectual capacities of students, exposure to computers can actually enhance them.
The most serious weakness of the argument above is its failure to
(A) discuss the underlying causes of the twenty-year decline in studentsâ€™ test scores
(B) cite specific figures documenting the increases in test scores
(C) distinguish among the various types of computer being used by high school students
(D) define the intellectual capacities tested by the standardized math and English tests referred to
(E) explain exactly how high school studentsâ€™ abilities on math and English tests could have been enhanced by exposure to computers
Conclusion is 'Exposure to computers enhancing the intellectual capabilities'
Evidence is 'The math and english test scores did not decline'
Assumption is 'Enhanced intellectual capabilities prevented the score to decline'
Assumption is the weakness of the argument.
I saw this question at the OG 11th, and obviously answered wrong.
My recontemplation is...
the passage mentions "the intellectual ability" and as a proof of that ability, the author suggests Math and Eng scores. But specific test scores are not all that constitue the intellectual ability. So, that is the error.
It's like saying I am smarter than you, because my Eng and math test scores are higher than yours.
firstly I chose E. After reading shailu's post I gave right to his explaination, however, now I am confused..
D) "To define the intellectual capacities tested by the standardized math and English tests referred to " will change the situation?
The argument makes an assumption and comes into a conclusion. If it defines E : " explain exactly how high school studentsâ€™ abilities on math and English tests could have been enhanced by exposure to computers" , the conclusion will be more convincing.