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# In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average

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VP
Joined: 21 Mar 2006
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In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2006, 22:08
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Question Stats:

80% (00:42) correct 20% (00:49) wrong based on 29 sessions

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In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average scores of high school students on standardized math and English tests did not decline. During the same year, millions of American students enjoyed their first exposure to the new world of the microcomputer, whether in schools, video arcades, or other settings. The conclusion is clear: far from stultifying the intellectual capacities of students, exposure to computers can actually enhance them.
The most serious weakness of the argument above is its failure to
(A) discuss the underlying causes of the twenty-year decline in studentsâ€™ test scores
(B) cite specific figures documenting the increases in test scores
(C) distinguish among the various types of computer being used by high school students
(D) define the intellectual capacities tested by the standardized math and English tests referred to
(E) explain exactly how high school studentsâ€™ abilities on math and English tests could have been enhanced by exposure to computers

I think the OA on this one is wrong.

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06 Oct 2006, 23:12
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Between (D) and (E) ,(E).

The argument would be accepted only if the enhancing effects of computers were to be specified.Even if we knew wt intellectual capacities were tested on the tests we do not know for sure if the computer can enhance them.
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VP
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Re: CR1000 - Students and computers [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2006, 00:20
kripalkavi wrote:
In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average scores of high school students on standardized math and English tests did not decline. During the same year, millions of American students enjoyed their first exposure to the new world of the microcomputer, whether in schools, video arcades, or other settings. The conclusion is clear: far from stultifying the intellectual capacities of students, exposure to computers can actually enhance them.
The most serious weakness of the argument above is its failure to
(A) discuss the underlying causes of the twenty-year decline in studentsâ€™ test scores

Discussing why there was decline would be helpful. If we know that and see how computers can address those causes, we can see the argument in clear light. But lack of this information might not weaken the argument.

(B) cite specific figures documenting the increases in test scores

Specific figures are useful. But not necessary.

(C) distinguish among the various types of computer being used by high school students

There is a mention of computers at different places.

(D) define the intellectual capacities tested by the standardized math and English tests referred to

Might not help. Intellectual capacity is nothing but ability to do well on standardized math and english tests. How will further defining of what is tested in tests will help?

(E) explain exactly how high school studentsâ€™ abilities on math and English tests could have been enhanced by exposure to computers

This is the best. The author of the argument skipped this essential part of argument.

I think the OA on this one is wrong.

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the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

Last edited by ak_idc on 07 Oct 2006, 06:00, edited 1 time in total.

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07 Oct 2006, 01:32
Good explanation ak.
Clear E.

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Director
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07 Oct 2006, 06:49
Looks like E.

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Senior Manager
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07 Oct 2006, 17:17
agree E

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07 Oct 2006, 21:19
Were all students equally exposed to computers? Where? When? How often? Too many unknown variables to make such a conclusion.

Straightforward (E) here.

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VP
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08 Oct 2006, 23:40
Good job guys..OA is E. As you all might have guessed, I feel for the trap and picked D.

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VP
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09 Oct 2006, 07:30
E for sure.

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Re: In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2016, 10:20
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Re: In 1981, for the first time in over two decades, the average   [#permalink] 21 Mar 2016, 10:20
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