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In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford

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Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2017, 00:30
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
TGC wrote:
As posted previously by folks, I have the same query.

In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford universities concluded that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases that shorten lives, strongly recommending middle-aged people to undertake some form of regular exercise.

The -ING modifier modifiers 'researchers'.

MR, strongly recommending blah blah blah, concluded that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases.

And recommendation can likely be assumes as a result of the conclusion of researchers.

After concluding they recommended

Please confirm


Responding to a pm:

The verb recommend needs subjunctive. So "A recommends that B do C" is the proper format.

Also, when I read the sentence, there is a disconnect between researchers and recommending. I expect the VERB+ing modifier to modify the closest subject which is 'sedentary lifestyles'. But it actually modifies researchers and that doesn't work. We are looking for the subject researchers again which option (E) provides by using 'they'.


I've a doubt guys. Would be really helpful if someone could throw some light on it.

As everybody here has pointed out that "recommending", which is a Verb+ing modifier refers to the previous clause and must make sense with the subject and verb of that clause. However, in my opinion it seems, the subject of the previous clause is not 'sedentary lifestyles' but 'heart and lung diseases' as we have another that clause after the 'sedentary lifestyles' that clause.

Or is it that "heart and lung diseases that shorten lives" is NOT a clause? In that case, would we say that whenever "that" refers to a noun from another clause followed by a verb is not a stand alone clause by itself?

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Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2017, 22:50
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sahilmshah92 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
TGC wrote:
As posted previously by folks, I have the same query.

In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford universities concluded that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases that shorten lives, strongly recommending middle-aged people to undertake some form of regular exercise.

The -ING modifier modifiers 'researchers'.

MR, strongly recommending blah blah blah, concluded that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases.

And recommendation can likely be assumes as a result of the conclusion of researchers.

After concluding they recommended

Please confirm


Responding to a pm:

The verb recommend needs subjunctive. So "A recommends that B do C" is the proper format.

Also, when I read the sentence, there is a disconnect between researchers and recommending. I expect the VERB+ing modifier to modify the closest subject which is 'sedentary lifestyles'. But it actually modifies researchers and that doesn't work. We are looking for the subject researchers again which option (E) provides by using 'they'.


I've a doubt guys. Would be really helpful if someone could throw some light on it.

As everybody here has pointed out that "recommending", which is a Verb+ing modifier refers to the previous clause and must make sense with the subject and verb of that clause. However, in my opinion it seems, the subject of the previous clause is not 'sedentary lifestyles' but 'heart and lung diseases' as we have another that clause after the 'sedentary lifestyles' that clause.

Or is it that "heart and lung diseases that shorten lives" is NOT a clause? In that case, would we say that whenever "that" refers to a noun from another clause followed by a verb is not a stand alone clause by itself?

Tagging experts for help.
VeritasPrepKarishma
mikemcgarry
egmat


"that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases that shorten lives" - is a subordinate "that" clause.
Subject - sedentary life-styles
Verb - lead

"that shorten lives" - is a modifier modifying "heart and lung diseases"

So the structure of the clause is "A lead to B"
B is "heart and lung diseases that shorten lives"

The basic structure of the sentence comes out when you ignore all modifiers.

Here it is
"researchers ... concluded that ... life-styles lead to ... diseases..., recommending middle-aged people to undertake exercise"

The subject of the subordinate clause is closer to "recommending".
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Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2017, 23:22
Quote:
"that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases that shorten lives" - is a subordinate "that" clause.
Subject - sedentary life-styles
Verb - lead

"that shorten lives" - is a modifier modifying "heart and lung diseases"

So the structure of the clause is "A lead to B"
B is "heart and lung diseases that shorten lives"

The basic structure of the sentence comes out when you ignore all modifiers.

Here it is
"researchers ... concluded that ... life-styles lead to ... diseases..., recommending middle-aged people to undertake exercise"

The subject of the subordinate clause is closer to "recommending".


Thank you so much VeritasPrepKarishma for the clarification and the quick reply! :-D
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Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2018, 18:47
Hi KarishmaB

Hope you're keeping well
Got a query regarding subjunctive here. In A

A: "strongly recommending middle-aged people to undertake some form of regular exercise."

Ignoring other issues with it, can we say: it is wrong because it violates subjunctive?
in other words, would the following be correct in terms of subjunctive?

"strongly recommending middle-aged people to undertake some form of regular exercise"

Regards

KarishmaB wrote:
Responding to a pm:

The verb recommend needs subjunctive. So "A recommends that B do C" is the proper format.

Also, when I read the sentence, there is a disconnect between researchers and recommending. I expect the VERB+ing modifier to modify the closest subject which is 'sedentary lifestyles'. But it actually modifies researchers and that doesn't work. We are looking for the subject researchers again which option (E) provides by using 'they'.
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Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2018, 22:01
1
TheRzS wrote:
Hi KarishmaB

Hope you're keeping well
Got a query regarding subjunctive here. In A

A: "strongly recommending middle-aged people to undertake some form of regular exercise."

Ignoring other issues with it, can we say: it is wrong because it violates subjunctive?
in other words, would the following be correct in terms of subjunctive?

"strongly recommending middle-aged people to undertake some form of regular exercise"

Regards

KarishmaB wrote:
Responding to a pm:

The verb recommend needs subjunctive. So "A recommends that B do C" is the proper format.

Also, when I read the sentence, there is a disconnect between researchers and recommending. I expect the VERB+ing modifier to modify the closest subject which is 'sedentary lifestyles'. But it actually modifies researchers and that doesn't work. We are looking for the subject researchers again which option (E) provides by using 'they'.


The structure of subjunctive could be:
"Researchers recommend that people undertake ..."
or
"Researchers recommend people undertake ..." (omit that)

"Researchers recommend people to undertake..." is not very natural though some cultures do use it.

That said, the use of comma -ing verb is not correct here since researchers concluding and researchers recommending are separate actions. "recommending" does not modify (talk more about) concluding. You need to use "and" to join them.
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Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 00:22
ok thanks KarishmaB
takeaway: <-ing> - when used as participle, does not invoke subjunctive
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Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 07:20
TheRzS wrote:
ok thanks KarishmaB
takeaway: <-ing> - when used as participle, does not invoke subjunctive


No, that is not the takeaway. The problem is that you cannot use a participle here.
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Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford &nbs [#permalink] 13 Aug 2018, 07:20

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