It is currently 18 Jan 2018, 23:35

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 14 Jan 2016
Posts: 32

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 12

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2017, 23:30
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
TGC wrote:
As posted previously by folks, I have the same query.

In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford universities concluded that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases that shorten lives, strongly recommending middle-aged people to undertake some form of regular exercise.

The -ING modifier modifiers 'researchers'.

MR, strongly recommending blah blah blah, concluded that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases.

And recommendation can likely be assumes as a result of the conclusion of researchers.

After concluding they recommended

Please confirm


Responding to a pm:

The verb recommend needs subjunctive. So "A recommends that B do C" is the proper format.

Also, when I read the sentence, there is a disconnect between researchers and recommending. I expect the VERB+ing modifier to modify the closest subject which is 'sedentary lifestyles'. But it actually modifies researchers and that doesn't work. We are looking for the subject researchers again which option (E) provides by using 'they'.


I've a doubt guys. Would be really helpful if someone could throw some light on it.

As everybody here has pointed out that "recommending", which is a Verb+ing modifier refers to the previous clause and must make sense with the subject and verb of that clause. However, in my opinion it seems, the subject of the previous clause is not 'sedentary lifestyles' but 'heart and lung diseases' as we have another that clause after the 'sedentary lifestyles' that clause.

Or is it that "heart and lung diseases that shorten lives" is NOT a clause? In that case, would we say that whenever "that" refers to a noun from another clause followed by a verb is not a stand alone clause by itself?

Tagging experts for help.
VeritasPrepKarishma
mikemcgarry
egmat

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 12

e-GMAT Discount CodesMagoosh Discount CodesEMPOWERgmat Discount Codes
Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 7866

Kudos [?]: 18473 [2], given: 237

Location: Pune, India
Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2017, 21:50
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
sahilmshah92 wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
TGC wrote:
As posted previously by folks, I have the same query.

In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford universities concluded that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases that shorten lives, strongly recommending middle-aged people to undertake some form of regular exercise.

The -ING modifier modifiers 'researchers'.

MR, strongly recommending blah blah blah, concluded that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases.

And recommendation can likely be assumes as a result of the conclusion of researchers.

After concluding they recommended

Please confirm


Responding to a pm:

The verb recommend needs subjunctive. So "A recommends that B do C" is the proper format.

Also, when I read the sentence, there is a disconnect between researchers and recommending. I expect the VERB+ing modifier to modify the closest subject which is 'sedentary lifestyles'. But it actually modifies researchers and that doesn't work. We are looking for the subject researchers again which option (E) provides by using 'they'.


I've a doubt guys. Would be really helpful if someone could throw some light on it.

As everybody here has pointed out that "recommending", which is a Verb+ing modifier refers to the previous clause and must make sense with the subject and verb of that clause. However, in my opinion it seems, the subject of the previous clause is not 'sedentary lifestyles' but 'heart and lung diseases' as we have another that clause after the 'sedentary lifestyles' that clause.

Or is it that "heart and lung diseases that shorten lives" is NOT a clause? In that case, would we say that whenever "that" refers to a noun from another clause followed by a verb is not a stand alone clause by itself?

Tagging experts for help.
VeritasPrepKarishma
mikemcgarry
egmat


"that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases that shorten lives" - is a subordinate "that" clause.
Subject - sedentary life-styles
Verb - lead

"that shorten lives" - is a modifier modifying "heart and lung diseases"

So the structure of the clause is "A lead to B"
B is "heart and lung diseases that shorten lives"

The basic structure of the sentence comes out when you ignore all modifiers.

Here it is
"researchers ... concluded that ... life-styles lead to ... diseases..., recommending middle-aged people to undertake exercise"

The subject of the subordinate clause is closer to "recommending".
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep | GMAT Instructor
My Blog

Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199

Veritas Prep Reviews

Kudos [?]: 18473 [2], given: 237

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 14 Jan 2016
Posts: 32

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 12

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2017, 22:22
Quote:
"that sedentary life-styles lead to heart and lung diseases that shorten lives" - is a subordinate "that" clause.
Subject - sedentary life-styles
Verb - lead

"that shorten lives" - is a modifier modifying "heart and lung diseases"

So the structure of the clause is "A lead to B"
B is "heart and lung diseases that shorten lives"

The basic structure of the sentence comes out when you ignore all modifiers.

Here it is
"researchers ... concluded that ... life-styles lead to ... diseases..., recommending middle-aged people to undertake exercise"

The subject of the subordinate clause is closer to "recommending".


Thank you so much VeritasPrepKarishma for the clarification and the quick reply! :-D

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 12

Re: In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford   [#permalink] 06 Nov 2017, 22:22

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 43 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

In 1984 medical researchers at Harvard and Stanford

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.