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# In 1990, television owners in the town of Mayfield received only one

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Joined: 23 Sep 2015
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In 1990, television owners in the town of Mayfield received only one  [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2019, 08:22
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (01:47) correct 19% (02:04) wrong based on 81 sessions

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In 1990, television owners in the town of Mayfield received only one public station. During an average prime-time hour, that station attracted 75,000 viewers. In 1991, another public station began broadcasting in the region. In 1991, the two stations together attracted 150,000 viewers during an average prime-time hour. With two public stations represented on television, the number of Mayfield residents who watched public prime-time programming doubled.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the author's conclusion?

A. The second public station is received by many television viewers outside the Mayfield area, and the station's figures for prime-time viewership represent viewers from its entire broadcast region.

B. The cost of opening and operating a second public station in the region has placed a serious financial burden on the state.

C. In a recent survey, one in ten Mayfield residents reported watching public television for the first time in 1991.

D. The two stations show the same programming during prime time, although their schedules vary slightly during nonprime-time hours.

E. It was hoped by public station programmers that, in 1991, the two stations would attract 190,000 viewers during an average prime-time hour.

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In 1990, television owners in the town of Mayfield received only one  [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2019, 09:39
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aragonn wrote:
In 1990, television owners in the town of Mayfield received only one public station. During an average prime-time hour, that station attracted 75,000 viewers. In 1991, another public station began broadcasting in the region. In 1991, the two stations together attracted 150,000 viewers during an average prime-time hour. With two public stations represented on television, the number of Mayfield residents who watched public prime-time programming doubled.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the author's conclusion?

Argument:
The number of Mayfield residents who watched public prime-time programming doubled on the public station since the number of stations doubled.

Objective:
To find an option the weakens the argument. So, any option that suggests that number of viewers in the town did not double will be correct.

A. The second public station is received by many television viewers outside the Mayfield area, and the station's figures for prime-time viewership represent viewers from its entire broadcast region.- Correct. This option clearly points out that viewers from outside the Mayfield area also contributed to the increase in viewership.

B. The cost of opening and operating a second public station in the region has placed a serious financial burden on the state.- Wrong. This option is irrelevant to our objective. We are not concerned with cost running a second public station.

C. In a recent survey, one in ten Mayfield residents reported watching public television for the first time in 1991.- Wrong. This option doesn't tell us whether or not number of viewers in the town double.

D. The two stations show the same programming during prime time, although their schedules vary slightly during nonprime-time hours. Wrong. This option is irrelevant as it doesn't effects our objective.

E. It was hoped by public station programmers that, in 1991, the two stations would attract 190,000 viewers during an average prime-time hour. - Wrong. This option is irrelevant to our objective.
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Joined: 23 Sep 2015
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Re: In 1990, television owners in the town of Mayfield received only one  [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2019, 07:32
aragonn wrote:
In 1990, television owners in the town of Mayfield received only one public station. During an average prime-time hour, that station attracted 75,000 viewers. In 1991, another public station began broadcasting in the region. In 1991, the two stations together attracted 150,000 viewers during an average prime-time hour. With two public stations represented on television, the number of Mayfield residents who watched public prime-time programming doubled.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the author's conclusion?

A. The second public station is received by many television viewers outside the Mayfield area, and the station's figures for prime-time viewership represent viewers from its entire broadcast region.

B. The cost of opening and operating a second public station in the region has placed a serious financial burden on the state.

C. In a recent survey, one in ten Mayfield residents reported watching public television for the first time in 1991.

D. The two stations show the same programming during prime time, although their schedules vary slightly during nonprime-time hours.

E. It was hoped by public station programmers that, in 1991, the two stations would attract 190,000 viewers during an average prime-time hour.

Official Explanation:

Conclusion: With two public stations represented on television, the number of Mayfield residents who watched public prime-time programming doubled.

Premise: During an average prime-time hour, that station attracted 75,000 viewers. In 1991, the two stations together attracted 150,000 viewers during an average prime-time hour.

Assumption: There is no other way to interpret the facts. The only viewers who watched in 1991 were Mayfield residents.

This is a weaken question, as evidenced by the phrase Which of the following…most seriously weakens the author's conclusion. The passage uses the premise that In 1990, television owners in…Mayfield received only one public station...During an average prime-time hour, that station attracted 75,000 viewers. In 1991, another public station began broadcasting…the two stations together attracted 150,000 viewers during an average prime-time hour. The passage concludes that With two public stations represented on television, the number of Mayfield residents who watched public prime-time programming doubled.

The passage contains an interpretation of evidence reasoning pattern because it interprets statistics. The argument provides two sets of data, from 1990 and 1991. Because the values for 1991 are twice as much as 1990, the argument concludes that Mayfield residents who watched public prime-time programming doubled. The standard assumption of an argument with an interpretation of evidence reasoning pattern is that there is no other way to interpret the facts.

This argument assumes that the data about viewers during an average prime-time hour can be generalized to support a conclusion about Mayfield residents who watched public prime-time programming, and that no other conclusion is possible. There is a language shift between the premise, which refers to viewers, and the conclusion, which refers to Mayfield residents. Therefore, another assumption is that these two ideas are equivalent—that the viewers referred to in the data were all Mayfield residents. Because this is a weaken question, the correct answer either provides an alternative explanation or interpretation of the data, or challenges the assumption that the viewers referred to in the data were all Mayfield residents. Evaluate the answer choices.

Choice A: Correct. If The second…station is received by many television viewers outside the Mayfield area, and the station's figures for prime-time viewership represent viewers from its entire broadcast region, then the conclusion that the number of Mayfield residents who watched public prime-time programming doubled is not necessarily true. The number of viewers doubled, but the percentage of those viewers that were Mayfield residents is uncertain.

Choice B: No. The cost of opening and operating a second public station is out of scope. The passage is concerned with the number of people who may have watched the station’s programming.

Choice C: No. The fact that one in ten Mayfield residents reported watching public television for the first time is out of scope, since it is not relevant whether the viewers in the statistical data were first-time viewers.

Choice D: No. The fact that The two stations show the same programming during prime time is out of scope. The passage is concerned with the number of viewers who are residents.

Choice E: No. The phrase hoped by public station programmers is out of scope. The passage is concerned with the number of viewers who are residents.

The correct answer is choice A.
_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
Re: In 1990, television owners in the town of Mayfield received only one   [#permalink] 26 Feb 2019, 07:32
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