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In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2013, 23:10
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ajmalshams wrote:
my doubt is

"that" starts another subordinate clause right ??

so how can the subject and verb for "that" clause be the subject and verb for the clause starting with "a phenomenon"

Actually clause starting with "a phenomenon" is not a clause at all!! It's a phrase. Let's take an example:

ajmalshams is studying for GMAT, a competitive exam.
- Hopefully it is easy for you to see that "a competitive exam" is a phrase (and not a clause).

Now lets look at the following sentence:

ajmalshams is studying for GMAT, a competitive exam that is tough to crack .
- Again, the above sentence, at the "core" is same as the previous one; just that the subordinate clause that is tough to crack is modifying a competitive exam. So, a competitive exam that is tough to crack still acts as a phrase.

Also, when Zarrolou says "appositive phrase", perhaps (s)he means "absolute phrase". In SC, it is very essential that test takers get very comfortable with "absolute phrases". Since the structure of "absolute phrase" is so "non-intuitive", GMAT loves to test on that. Few examples from OG:

#102, OG-13:
Yellow jackets number among the 900 or so species of the world's social wasps, wasps that live in a highly cooperative and organized society consisting almost entirely of females—the queen and her sterile female workers.

#38, OG-12:
In 1850, Lucretia Mott published her Discourse on Women, a treatise that argued for equal political and legal rights for women and for changes in the married women’s property laws.

The bold in these sentences is absolute phrase. There are many many other examples in official sources.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2013, 23:06
B.

A. a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing - Not just because of X but by the fact Y--incorrect
B. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing - Not just by X but also by Y -- Correct

C. a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written - Not just beacuase of drugs ...but (also is reqd) because of Doctors ---incorrect
D. which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing -- which is incorrect
E. which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written -- which is incorrect
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2013, 17:34
geetchandratre wrote:
anilisanil wrote:
geetchandratre wrote:

Definitely not C.

drugs that are becoming more expensive- This wrongly suggests that there are other drugs that are not becoming expensive. There is a whole world of difference between "drugs are becoming expensive" and "drugs that are becoming expensive".

Not X But Y suggests a contrast. Which, in this case, means the phenomenon is not caused by the drugs but is caused by doctors prescribing them. Which is nonsensical. Also, Not Just X but Y is WRONG.

Hence C can definitely be not the answer!

Not X But Y
Not only X, BUT also Y
Not (Just because of drugs) X, But (because of......) Y
The idiom is infact correct.
The aim of SC is to select the BEST answer, and not always the completely CORRECT answer.
As we can easily rule out rest of the answers, C is the BEST answer.
I hope this helps. http://www.platinumgmat.com/about_gmat/ ... idiom_list

Hi, I don't have any doubt to conclude that C is not the best answer. I clearly mentioned the reasons for you to think about.

If you are convinced that C is the answer, then good for you.

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2014, 03:07
gregspirited wrote:
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

A. a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing
B. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
C. a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
D. which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
E. which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written

Intuitively you could argue that a past participle works better than a present participle, since we're talking about a past event. BUT, the parallelism in D and E is weird - it simply doesn't work.

So we focus on the first three instead: A and C have weird parallelisms: "is explained not just because... more expensive drugs but...by the fact that doctors are writing" is weird.

"also" in C is weird.

B is correct

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2014, 06:21
tcsing wrote:
Hi, this question has been posted before, but regarding a different point of grammar, hence starting a new thread.

In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

(A) a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing

(B) a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing

(C) a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written

(D) which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing

(E) which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written

The correct answer is B. However, does the verb tense make sense? The phenomenon was in 2000, but it is explained by 2 factors that are happening now? (doctors are writing... drugs are becoming...)

Anyone have any thoughts? Thanks!

Hi

I have doubt on this
Will D) be correct if construction was like
which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but also doctors are writing

Which clause can modify only preceeding noun?

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2014, 14:06
Can someone please explain why D and E are NOT parallel?

D) Not just because -- drugs are becoming xxx but (because-implied) doctors are also writing
E) Not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2014, 06:29
There was a lot of discussion, but can someone please explain how the tense "are becoming" and "are writing" in B is correct even when the sentence starts with a time reference - "In 2000,". Seems pretty confusing to me. I did read the explanation for it in OG-13(SC-86), but it talks only about the incorrect placement of also in C and E. And if the word "also" were to be placed correctly, does that make option C correct?

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2015, 13:41
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

A. a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing
Incorrect. The idiom is not just...but also.
B. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
Correct. The idiom is not just...but also. Also, even though the appositive is not near to "increase", what comes in between is a vital-noun-modifier "in spending on prescription drugs", which has priority in the touching rule.
C. a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
Incorrect. The idiom is not just...but also.
D. which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
Incorrect. The idiom is not just...but also.
E. which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written
Incorrect. The idiom is not just...but also.

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 09:49
The correct idiom is "Not just X but also Y" where X and Y are logically parallel.
Also both X and Y should support what is being talked about.
Example -
The Islahiye camp is a place of hatred and defiance, a concentration of families who say they have been chased from their homes not just by rifles and government troops but also by indiscriminate aerial and artillery barrages.

Here Families have been chased for two reasons - by rifles and government and by indiscriminate aerial and artillery barrages.
hence both these reasons should be of the same sign.

Let us see the answer choices "

(A) a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing.
X and Y are not parallel hence this is incorrect.
(B) a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
X and Y are parallel and supporting the reason hence this choice is correct.
(C) a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
X and Y are not parallel
(D) which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
- Usage of which is incorrect. Which modifies the closest noun and in this case it is prescription drugs.
(E) which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2015, 06:35
B it is. Parallel structure.

(B) a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2015, 20:22
Not only.. But also idiom is followed in B.. Can someone please explain this?
We non-natives students tend to fail in these questions because, we make a list of idioms, parallel markers and follow the same. I got this wrong after a long thinking .. please help
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2015, 23:37
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In this question the idiom is not ‘not only-but also’. It is ‘not- but’. So, whatever is repeated after 'not' should be repeated after 'but' . Hence, it is ‘not by’ and ‘but by’ which has been used in B. Also, remember if you have ‘just’, it is always followed by ‘also’. Hence, the correct format is 'not just by-but also by’. So, the answer is B.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2016, 08:35
Is the "modified optionC" grammatically correct ? If yes , then between "B" and "Modified C" , which option should be selected and why?
B. a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing.
Modified C. a phenomenon occurring not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing.

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2016, 09:28
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Nope! Modified C will not be correct. Pl. ask when the phenomenon occurred? It was in 2000, a past time, whereas 'occurring' does not denote timing. It can be past, present or future. So, using a timeless factor to denote a past event is logically incorrect.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2016, 21:11
i am still confused about a modifying phrase.

I do understand what EducationAisle said.

For the example given, "I am studying GMAT, a competitive exam that is hard to crack." The modifying phrase "a competitive exam that is hard to crack" is modifying GMAT.
However, in this example, a phenomenon that.... is not modifying prescription drugs but the entire sentence. How is this correct? Can you give examples similar to this?

In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2016, 21:35
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hyoeun87 wrote:
i am still confused about a modifying phrase.

I do understand what EducationAisle said.

For the example given, "I am studying GMAT, a competitive exam that is hard to crack." The modifying phrase "a competitive exam that is hard to crack" is modifying GMAT.

Hello hyoeun87, you are correct. The intent of the example was to illustrate that a competitive exam that is hard to crack is a phrase and not a clause (as was the perception of the user earlier).

hyoeun87 wrote:
However, in this example, a phenomenon that.... is not modifying prescription drugs but the entire sentence. How is this correct? Can you give examples similar to this?

In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.

Indeed, and this is a very common structure, extensively tested on GMAT. Few official examples from the Official Verbal supplement:

#75: Scientists have observed large concentrations of heavy-metal deposits in the upper twenty centimeters of sediments from the Baltic Sea, findings consistent with the growth of industrial activity in the area.
- Absolute modifier findings consistent with... modifying the entire previous clause.

#100: Sixty-five million years ago, according to some scientists, an asteroid bigger than Mount Everest slammed into North America, an event that caused the plant and animal extinctions that mark the end of the geologic era known as the Cretaceous Period.
- Absolute modifier an event that caused.... modifying the entire previous clause.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Absolute modifiers, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2016, 01:08
perfectstranger wrote:
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.
(A) a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing
(B) a phenomenon that is explained not just by the fact that drugs are becoming more expensive but also by the fact that doctors are writing
(C) a phenomenon occurring not just because of drugs that are becoming more expensive but because of doctors having also written
(D) which occurred not just because drugs are becoming more expensive but doctors are also writing
(E) which occurred not just because of more expensive drugs but because doctors have also written

This question has posted to the forum 2 years ago. However, because there is not any expert explanation, I have posted it again .

I want to learn why the idiom not only.....but also is not valid here.

I have read the same structure in New York Times today. Could anyone give a hand to that issue?

NYT Paragraph

The Islahiye camp is a place of hatred and defiance, a concentration of families who say they have been chased from their homes not just by rifles and government troops but also by indiscriminate aerial and artillery barrages.

Thanks a lot.

Not A But B signifies contrast. Which is not the intention here

Not only A but also B is required to clarify that these are 2 reasons for the same thing
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2016, 00:12
dear experts,
I am confused with absolute phrase and appositive phrase.

any expert can point out how to distinguish these two different modifiers?

I compared these two modifiers, I figured out that absolute phrase can be placed anywhere of the sentence, while appositive phrase only followed a noun which will be modified.

is this way valid?
is any other way to approach?
how to distinguish these two modifiers?

thanks a lot
have a nice day
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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2016, 01:50
zoezhuyan wrote:
dear experts,
I am confused with absolute phrase and appositive phrase.

any expert can point out how to distinguish these two different modifiers?

I compared these two modifiers, I figured out that absolute phrase can be placed anywhere of the sentence, while appositive phrase only followed a noun which will be modified.

is this way valid?
is any other way to approach?
how to distinguish these two modifiers?

thanks a lot
have a nice day
>_~

Absolute phrases have the following structure: noun + noun modifier. They modify the whole clause in some way.
I have heard about the event just yesterday, the event that rocked the nation. (noun = event, noun modifier= that rocked the nation - modifies the whole clause)

Appositives consists of just a noun (or a noun phrase). Appositives are noun modifiers (i.e. a noun modifying another noun).
Tommy, my little brother, has done this. (noun phrase = my little brother - no modifier for my little brother - modifies Tommy)

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2016, 21:40
sayantanc2k wrote:
Absolute phrases have the following structure: noun + noun modifier. They modify the whole clause in some way.
I have heard about the event just yesterday, the event that rocked the nation. (noun = event, noun modifier= that rocked the nation - modifies the whole clause)

Appositives consists of just a noun (or a noun phrase). Appositives are noun modifiers (i.e. a noun modifying another noun).
Tommy, my little brother, has done this. (noun phrase = my little brother - no modifier for my little brother - modifies Tommy)

Sayatanc2k,

would you please confirm my fool question,

noun + noun phrase, the noun phrase modifies single noun, will the noun phrase be introduce by prep, or That - clause?
noun modifier , must it be introduced by That-clause ?

absolute phrase modifies the whole proceeding clause, appositive phrase modifies the proceeding noun

I had a OG question on hand, OG16, # 84, following is incorrect SC that I replaced with the option, IMO, I think of it as a absolute phrase. what's why I think of the sentence as correct.
Quote:
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, in turn an activation of the animated functions of the piece.

here the structure "an activation" (noun) + "of the animated function of the piece "(prep phrase or noun modifier) modifies the proceeding clause, as the result of the proceeding clause..

I am confused it a lot.

BTW, OA says A is redundant, I did not figure out it, would you please clarify?
Quote:
In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for half the increase in spending on prescription drugs, a phenomenon that is explained not just because of more expensive drugs but by the fact that doctors are writing many more prescriptions for higher-cost drugs.
thanks a lot

have a nice day
>_~

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Re: In 2000, a mere two dozen products accounted for   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2016, 21:40

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