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# In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to red

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to red  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2019, 07:13
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

85% (01:20) correct 15% (01:40) wrong based on 90 sessions

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In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancy. The program, however, failed to produce the desired result. If the program had been successful, the dropout rate for female students would not have increased substantially in 2001.

The argument in the passage would be most seriously weakened if it were true that

A. the number of female students in the school has remained constant for the past decade

B. nationwide, the teen pregnancy rate and the female high school dropout rate both increased significantly in 2001

C. some female students who dropped out were pregnant at the time

D. many female high school dropouts said that poor economic conditions forced them to leave school and find jobs

E. the school also implemented a program designed to reduce the incidence of drug use among teenagers in 2001

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Re: In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to red  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2019, 07:30
IMO D

conclusion:the dropout rate for female students would not have increased substantially in 2001.
prethink: the female dropout rate is not the real reason bcz of pregnancy, instead some other reason

A. the number of female students in the school has remained constant for the past decade--irrlevant

B. nationwide, the teen pregnancy rate and the female high school dropout rate both increased significantly in 2001--irrelevant

C. some female students who dropped out were pregnant at the time--irrlevant

D. many female high school dropouts said that poor economic conditions forced them to leave school and find jobs--correct, provides other reason for dropout

E. the school also implemented a program designed to reduce the incidence of drug use among teenagers in 2001 --incorret
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Re: In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to red  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2019, 08:34
In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancy. The program, however, failed to produce the desired result. - Premise

If the program had been successful, the dropout rate for female students would not have increased substantially in 2001.

Conclusion - The program was not successful as the dropout rate for female students increased substantially.

The argument in the passage would be most seriously weakened if it were true that -

A. the number of female students in the school has remained constant for the past decade - IMO this is the answer, as it removes the link between the program aimed at reducing teenage pregnancy and dropout rates by stating that the dropout rates have remained constant over the years and have not been affected by the introduction of this program.

B. nationwide, the teen pregnancy rate and the female high school dropout rate both increased significantly in 2001 - This strengthens the conclusion.

C. some female students who dropped out were pregnant at the time - Strengthens the argument again that the program failed.

D. many female high school dropouts said that poor economic conditions forced them to leave school and find jobs - Out of Scope

E. the school also implemented a program designed to reduce the incidence of drug use among teenagers in 2001 - Out of Scope
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Re: In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to red  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2019, 22:51
Weaken Question

Conclusion :-If the program had been successful, the dropout rate for female students would not have increased substantially in 2001.

So the answer must have weaken the conclusion .It means it have some another reason for dropout other than pregnancy for dropout

Option D suggest a reason for dropout .

So correct answer is D .

Thanks
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 56275
Re: In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to red  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2019, 04:30
Bunuel wrote:
In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to reduce the incidence of teenage pregnancy. The program, however, failed to produce the desired result. If the program had been successful, the dropout rate for female students would not have increased substantially in 2001.

The argument in the passage would be most seriously weakened if it were true that

A. the number of female students in the school has remained constant for the past decade

B. nationwide, the teen pregnancy rate and the female high school dropout rate both increased significantly in 2001

C. some female students who dropped out were pregnant at the time

D. many female high school dropouts said that poor economic conditions forced them to leave school and find jobs

E. the school also implemented a program designed to reduce the incidence of drug use among teenagers in 2001

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

D.

This question picks up on the same stimulus seen in Question 24. We know that the assumption underlying this argument is that teenage pregnancy is one of the main reasons that females drop out of high school. To weaken the argument, let's find the choice that casts the most doubt on this assumption. (D) tells us that many students dropped out for a different reason: they needed to find a job. If this is true, the assumption that pregnancy is a leading cause of dropouts becomes doubtful, so (D) is correct. (A) contains the common trap of comparing a number with a percent (rate). The increase in the rate has nothing to do with the overall number. (B) is out of scope, since the question doesn't involve nationwide program failure. If anything, that would strengthen the argument by confirming the link between pregnancy and dropout rates. (C) is irrelevant to the argument, and (E) is out of scope.
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Re: In 2001, a local high school implemented a new program designed to red   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 04:30
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