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# In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American

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In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 15:49
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Question 1
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48% (02:10) correct 52% (01:30) wrong based on 525

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Question 2
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63% (00:55) correct 37% (00:46) wrong based on 495

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Question 3
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86% (00:41) correct 14% (00:48) wrong based on 471

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Question 4
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65% (00:40) correct 35% (00:44) wrong based on 471

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Question 5
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47% (01:10) correct 53% (01:13) wrong based on 479

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Practice Passage
Passage No.: 9
Questions: 45 to 49
Page: 38, 39
Difficulty:

In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African Americans to stop agitating for equality and to proclaim their solidarity with White Americans for the duration of the First World War. The editorial surprised many African Americans who viewed Du Bois as an uncompromising African American leader and a chief opponent of the accommodationist tactics urged by Booker T.Washington. In fact, however, Du Bois often shifted positions along the continuum between Washington and confrontationists such as William Trotter. In 1895,when Washington called on African Americans to concentrate on improving their communities instead of opposing discrimination and agitating for political
rights, Du Bois praised Washington’s speech. In 1903, however, Du Bois aligned himself with Trotter, Washington’s militant opponent, less for ideological reasons than because Trotter had described to him Washington’s efforts to silence those in the African American press who opposed Washington’s positions.
Du Bois's wartime position thus reflected not achange in his long-term goals but rather a pragmatic response in the face of social pressure: government officials had threatened African American journalists with censorship if they continued to voice grievances. Furthermore, Du Bois believed that African Americans’ contributions to past war efforts had brought them some legal and political advances. Du Bois’s accommodationism did not last, however. Upon learning of systematic discrimination experienced by African Americans in the military, he called on them to “return fighting” from the war.

Q1 :- The passage is primarily concerned with

A. identifying historical circumstances that led Du Bois to alter his long-term goals.

B. defining “accommodationism” and showing how Du Bois used this strategy to achieve certain goals

C. accounting for a particular position adopted by Du Bois during the First World War.

D. contesting the view that Du Bois was significantly influenced by either Washington or Trotter

E. assessing the effectiveness of a strategy that Du Bois urged African Americans to adopt

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Q2 :- The passage indicates which of the following about Du Bois's attitude toward Washington ?

A. It underwent a shift during the First World War as Du Bois became more sympathetic with Trotter's views.

B. It underwent a shift in 1903 for reasons other than Du Bois's disagreement with Washington's accommodationist views.

C. It underwent a shift as Du Bois made a long-term commitment to the strategy of accommodation.

D. It remained consistently positive even though Du Bois disagreed with Washington's efforts to control the African American press.

E. It was shaped primarily by Du Bois's appreciation of Washington's pragmatic approach to the advancement of the interests of African Americans.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

Q3 :- The passage suggests which of the following about the contributions of African Americans to the United States war effort during the First World War ?

A. The contributions were made largely in response to Du Bois's 1918 editorial.

B. The contributions had much the same effect as African Americans' contributions to previous wars.

C. The contributions did not end discrimination against African Americans in the military.

D. The contributions were made in protest against Trotter's confrontationist tactics.

E. The contributions were made primarily by civil rights activists who returned to activism after the war.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Q4 :- The author of the passage refers to Washington's call to African Americans in 1895 primarily in order to

A. identify Du Bois's characteristics position on the continuum between accommodationism and confrontationism

B. explain why Du Bois was sympathetic with Washington's views in 1895

C. clarify how Trotter's views differed from those of Washington in 1895

D. support an assertion about Du Bois's tendency to shift his political positions

E. dismiss the claim that Du Bois's position in his 1918 editorial was consistent with his previous views

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

Q5 :- According to the passage, which of the following is true of the strategy that Du Bois's 1918 editorial urged African Americans to adopt during the First World War ?

A. It was a strategy that Du Bois had consistently rejected in the past.

B. It represented a compromise between Du Bois's own views and those of Trotter.

C. It represented a significant redefinition of the long-term goals Du Bois held prior to the war.

D. It was advocated by Du Bois in response to his recognition of the discrimination faced by African Americans during the war.

E. It was advocated by Du Bois in part because of his historical knowledge of gains African Americans had made during past wars.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #5 OA

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 15 Dec 2017, 09:12, edited 2 times in total.
formatted

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 20:29
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goforgmat,

Quote:
Please Explain Q5. I cant seem to infer that based on last wars he has called upon the African Americans to participate in the war. He merely suggests that instead of fighting for equality we must try to uplift our position.

Quote:
E. It was advocated by Du Bois in part because of his historical knowledge of gains African Americans had made during past wars.

The first sentence of the passage tells us that "W.E.B. Du Bois advised African Americans {...} to proclaim their solidarity with White Americans for the duration of the First World War", implying that Du Bois advocated for African Americans to support the war effort. The last paragraph summarizes factors contributing to Du Bois's wartime position; one of those factors was that "Du Bois believed that African Americans’ contributions to past war efforts had brought them some legal and political advances." In other words, because of his historical knowledge of gains (ie legal and political) African Americans had made during past wars, Du Bois advocated that African Americans should proclaim their solidarity with White Americans for the duration of the First World War.
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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 17:20
these RC questions are a hit or miss for me..

i venture the answer is C?

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2007, 18:11
Just a note. The passage seems poorly copied and pasted with several words missing and no paragraph breaks; This makes it cumbersome to read.

I don't think this is a particularly good way to ask about a question, either, as other members of this forum are more interested practicing sample questions, rather than merely explaining an answer.

Nonetheless, I believe the answer should be something like: "discussion of Du Bois's dynamic tactics."

A. identifying historical circumstances that
led Du Bois to alter his long-term goals.
No mention of long term goals.

B. defining “accommodationism” and showing
how Du Bois used this strategy to
achieve certain goals
accounting for a particular position
adopted by Du Bois during the First
World War.
"Accomodationism" was by no means the subject of the article.

D. contesting the view that Du Bois was significantly
influenced by either Washington
or Trotter.

Not D. he made no mention that people thought this way.

E. assessing the effectiveness of a strategy
that Du Bois urged African Americans to
adopt.

Not E, He didn't talk about effectiveness at all.

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2007, 14:11
Folks,

My apologies if I annoyed some of you. I got this passage in one of the GMAT sets and pasted it as I got it. So whatever, spell errors you see are inherent. THe correct answer as per the solution is B. I fail to completely understand how this can be the answer.

For those who wanted to know the other questions. I am attaching a word file, with the passage and the questions. Hopefully this time, it will look better.
Attachments

File comment: RC
RC.doc [34.5 KiB]
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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2007, 14:13
Just noticed that my status changed to that of a manager after my earlier post..Never knew that you grow up the ladder in GMATCLUB with the number of posts..

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2014, 02:44
Bumping for review and further discussion*.

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE
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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2014, 06:39
Can anyone explain question 2 here?
Basically I couldn't understand the whole part here
"In 1903, however, Du Bois aligned himself with Trotter, Washington’s militant opponent, less for ideological reasons than because Trotter had described to him Washington’s efforts to silence those in the African American press who opposed Washington’s positions."

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2014, 15:36
b2bt wrote:
Can anyone explain question 2 here?
Basically I couldn't understand the whole part here
"In 1903, however, Du Bois aligned himself with Trotter, Washington’s militant opponent, less for ideological reasons than because Trotter had described to him Washington’s efforts to silence those in the African American press who opposed Washington’s positions."

The part you quoted above basically means: Du Bois agreed with Trotter who opposed Washington. The passage before this sentence mentioned that Du Bois likes Washington idea about African American issue. Therefore, the rest of the sentence that you quoted explained why Du Bois change his position. Du Bois supported Trotter because Washington brought a negative impact on African American "Washington’s efforts to silence those in the African American press who opposed Washington’s positions."
I am not expert but I hope this explanation helpful for you.

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2014, 07:49
Guys please explain Q5 to me. I dont seem to get a clue for option E.
I believe A is the correct choice.

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2015, 10:00
Nice passage. Answered all correctly.
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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2015, 01:55
how do I view the expert reply?

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2015, 18:23
maggie27 wrote:
Guys please explain Q5 to me. I dont seem to get a clue for option E.
I believe A is the correct choice.

Q5 :- According to the passage, which of the following is true of the strategy that Du Bois's 1918 editorial urged African Americans to adopt during the First World War ?
DB's 1918 editorial advised African American people to stop agitating and to support White for the 1st W War. Now, this is because of two reasons that are mentioned in the paragraph 2 - 1> Govt. opposed African american press for voicing grievances 2> DB believed past war support led to advances for African Americans.
With this pre-thinking, let's do the process of elimination.

A. It was a strategy that Du Bois had consistently rejected in the past. - Incorrect: Passage states in the first paragraph that DB changed position. Thus, DB had not rejected this strategy throughout the past.

B. It represented a compromise between Du Bois's own views and those of Trotter. - Incorrect: There is no mention of a compromise between DB's and Trotter's position. In fact, Trotter position is mentioned briefly with which DB aligned

C. It represented a significant redefinition of the long-term goals Du Bois held prior to the war. - Incorrect: 1st line of the second para rejects this choice "Du Bois's wartime position thus reflected not a change in his long-term goals but rather a pragmatic response in the face of social pressure"

D. It was advocated by Du Bois in response to his recognition of the discrimination faced by African Americans during the war. - Opposite answer choice - Clearly, the last sentence of the passage states that this line of thought is the reason why DB recalled African Americans from the war i.e. going back on his 1918 wartime recommendation

E. It was advocated by Du Bois in part because of his historical knowledge of gains African Americans had made during past wars. - Correct answer choice - Matches pre-thinking and is stated in the paragraph 2 as one of the reason behind DB's line of thought during wartime.

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2015, 22:22
Can someone Post Answers to above passage
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I need to work on timing badly!!

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2015, 19:31
1C,2B,3C,4D,5E
Time=5 minutes 47 seconds
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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2016, 05:55
The passage is primarily concerned with

A. identifying historical circumstances that led Du Bois to alter his long-term goals.

B. defining “accommodationism” and showing how Du Bois used this strategy to achieve certain goals

C. accounting for a particular position adopted by Du Bois during the First World War.

D. contesting the view that Du Bois was significantly influenced by either Washington or Trotter

E. assessing the effectiveness of a strategy that Du Bois urged African Americans to adopt

Reg Q1), can someone pls explain why the ans is C) and not D)

Is it because D) uses "contesting"?
What if D) used "accounting" instead of "contesting" ? Would D) be right then?

Or is it that the entire passage (2 para's) is viewed in entirety to answer the 1st statement made by Du Bois in support of Washington (1st few lines of the 1st para)? Hence the entire passage serves to account for that one controversial position held by Du Bois?

Thanks in advance
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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2016, 23:32
Top Contributor
All Correct but timing was bad.
Total time:0:08:42.10, ,
1, 0:02:54.87, 0:02:54.87 [Para]
2, 0:00:32.67, 0:03:27.55
3, 0:01:20.33, 0:04:47.88
4, 0:01:10.94, 0:05:58.82
5, 0:00:55.21, 0:06:54.03
6, 0:01:47.76, 0:08:41.80
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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2016, 02:15
12 MINS
C
B
C
B
E
4/5
TIMING AGAIN
NEED HELP GUYS

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2016, 00:13
14Min...
I got 4 right and last one wrong..
Anyone's suggestion on how to increase speed as I have taken 5 min to read and answer 1st Question and rest 9 minutes for 4 Question.

Thanks in advance.

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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2017, 09:15
i don't understand anything
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Re: In a 1918 editorial, W.E.B. Du Bois advised African American   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2017, 09:15

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