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# In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before

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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2012, 00:45
BBB
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2012, 11:04
ABE for me... OA's?
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2012, 11:11
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2012, 23:27
OA's are CBE. Can anyone explain the ans?
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 21:02
i am getting
c
b
c or e (more vote in my mind for e but confused)
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2012, 02:46
BEE

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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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15 May 2012, 00:02
hi looks like a short one
should be able to do it in 6 mins
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 06:06
Hi .. Can anyone explain the answer for Q6 ... Option E says it helped Robertson revise her hypothesis ... but she already knew that age was a crucial factor
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 12:37
Q4:
The passage indicates that Robertson's research in Kenya caused her to change her mind regarding which of the following?
A. Whether age was the prevailing principle of social organization in Kenya before colonialism
B.Whether gender was the primary determinant of social authority in Africa generally before colonialism
C. Whether it was only after colonialism that gender became a significant determinant of authority in Kenyan society
D.Whether age was a crucial factor determining authority in Africa after colonialism
E Whether British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon local situations in Ghana

I believe this one is correct because of these facts from passage -
In 1984 book she wrote that age was more imp than gender.
British colonialism -> gender became a defining characteristic
Before colonialism, gender was more salient in central Kenya

Initially she believed that only after colonialism gender became more important. But on research she came to know that gender was already salient before colonialism.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q5:
The passage suggests that after conducting the research mentioned in line 18, but not before, Robertson would have agreed with which of the following about womens status and authority in Ghana?
A Greater land rights and greater involvement in trade made women in precolonial Ghana less dependent on men than were European women at that time.
B Colonialism had a greater impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women than on Kenyan women.
C Colonialism had less of an impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women that it had on the status and authority of other African women.
D The relative independence of Ghanaian women prior to colonialism was unique in Africa.
E Before colonialism, the status and authority of Ghanaian women was similar to that of Kenyan women.

Now before colonialism gender was more salient in Kenya and less in Ghana.
But after colonialism - gender became more salient in general in Africa (British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon more egalitarian local situations to the detriment of women generally, and gender became a defining characteristic that weakened women's power and authority)

So which country did colonialism affect more - Ghana where age was more important OR Kenya where gender was already important.
Off course Ghana and hence option B.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q6:
The author of the passage mentions the status of age as a principle of social organization in precolonial central Kenya in lines 24-26 most likely in order to
A. indicate that women's dependence on men in precolonial Kenya was not absolute
B. contrast the situation of senior women to that of less senior women in precolonial Kenyan society
C. differentiate between the status and authority of precolonial Kenyan women and that of precolonial Ghanaian women
D. explain why age superseded gender to a greater extent in precolonial Kenya than it did elsewhere in Africa
E. identify a factor that led Robertson to revise her hypothesis about precolonial Africa

I guess A because - gender was more salient in central Kenya than [Line 24]it was in Ghana, although age was still crucial in determining authority.
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2013, 03:12
Here are my answers for the above passage.

1 b
2. c
3.b

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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2013, 10:08
I am getting BCC ... please post OAs ...
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2014, 08:19
CharuKapoor wrote:
Q4:
The passage indicates that Robertson's research in Kenya caused her to change her mind regarding which of the following?
A. Whether age was the prevailing principle of social organization in Kenya before colonialism
B.Whether gender was the primary determinant of social authority in Africa generally before colonialism
C. Whether it was only after colonialism that gender became a significant determinant of authority in Kenyan society
D.Whether age was a crucial factor determining authority in Africa after colonialism
E Whether British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon local situations in Ghana

I believe this one is correct because of these facts from passage -
In 1984 book she wrote that age was more imp than gender.
British colonialism -> gender became a defining characteristic
Before colonialism, gender was more salient in central Kenya

Initially she believed that only after colonialism gender became more important. But on research she came to know that gender was already salient before colonialism.

i was stuck between choosing B and C and decided to go for B. Here's why: before the research, the author assumed that before colonialism, age was more important (hence primary?) determinant of status. However, after getting to know about the new research she must have realized that gender - as in the case of Kenya - might have had a bigger influence on determining status than she assumed initially. Is my reasoning wrong? I also agree with the explanation for C but ultimately chose B because it applied more broadly to her overall generalization about the role of age/ gender in determining status in Africa (in contrast to just Kenya) If someone knows more about about this, I'd appreciate any help!!
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q5:
The passage suggests that after conducting the research mentioned in line 18, but not before, Robertson would have agreed with which of the following about womens status and authority in Ghana?
A Greater land rights and greater involvement in trade made women in precolonial Ghana less dependent on men than were European women at that time.
B Colonialism had a greater impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women than on Kenyan women.
C Colonialism had less of an impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women that it had on the status and authority of other African women.
D The relative independence of Ghanaian women prior to colonialism was unique in Africa.
E Before colonialism, the status and authority of Ghanaian women was similar to that of Kenyan women.

Now before colonialism gender was more salient in Kenya and less in Ghana.
But after colonialism - gender became more salient in general in Africa (British colonialism imposed European-style male-dominant notions upon more egalitarian local situations to the detriment of women generally, and gender became a defining characteristic that weakened women's power and authority)

So which country did colonialism affect more - Ghana where age was more important OR Kenya where gender was already important.
Off course Ghana and hence option B.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q6:
The author of the passage mentions the status of age as a principle of social organization in precolonial central Kenya in lines 24-26 most likely in order to
A. indicate that women's dependence on men in precolonial Kenya was not absolute
B. contrast the situation of senior women to that of less senior women in precolonial Kenyan society
C. differentiate between the status and authority of precolonial Kenyan women and that of precolonial Ghanaian women
D. explain why age superseded gender to a greater extent in precolonial Kenya than it did elsewhere in Africa
E. identify a factor that led Robertson to revise her hypothesis about precolonial Africa

I guess A because - gender was more salient in central Kenya than [Line 24]it was in Ghana, although age was still crucial in determining authority.

for question 4:
i was stuck between choosing B and C and decided to go for B. Here's why: before the research, the author assumed that before colonialism, age was more important (hence primary?) determinant of status. However, after getting to know about the new research she must have realized that gender - as in the case of Kenya - might have had a bigger influence on determining status than she assumed initially. Is my reasoning wrong? I also agree with the explanation for C but ultimately chose B because it applied more broadly to her overall generalization about the role of age/ gender in determining status in Africa (in contrast to just Kenya) If someone knows more about about this, I'd appreciate any help!!
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2014, 07:23

1) A - The initial research conducted by Robertson claimed that before colonialism, age was a more important indicator and "gender became a defining characteristic that weakened women’s power and authority". It was not then she revised her conclusion that gender discrimination was prevalent even before colonialism took place.

2) C - I chose C. But after going through the second time, I think it's B. It should be "greater impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women than on Kenyan women" instead of "impact on the status and authority of Ghanaian women that it had on the status and authority of other African women"

3) E - Robertson's findings led to her hypothesis that "age was a primary principle that superseded gender to varying degrees depending on the situation."
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2014, 23:20
From a different source I found the OAs
CBE
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2015, 10:45
Please find the OA to this question
OA is
C
B
E
Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before   [#permalink] 09 Mar 2015, 10:45

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