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# In a 1998 study submitting more than 200 papers to prestigious scienti

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In a 1998 study submitting more than 200 papers to prestigious scienti  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2020, 07:06
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Question Stats:

82% (01:29) correct 18% (01:42) wrong based on 73 sessions

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In a 1998 study submitting more than 200 papers to prestigious scientific journals, a British editor, stating that since most of the papers' reviewers had failed to notice intentional errors in analysis and design, none could be entirely trusted.

A) editor, stating that since most of the papers' reviewers had failed to notice intentional errors in analysis and design,
B) editor, stating that most of the papers' reviewers failed in not noticing such intentional errors like analysis and design, and
C) editor stated that since most of the papers' reviewers, having failed to notice intentional errors in analysis and design,
D) editor stated that since most of the papers' reviewers fail in noticing intentional errors like analysis and design,
E) editor stated that since most of the papers' reviewers had failed to notice intentional errors in analysis and design,

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In a 1998 study submitting more than 200 papers to prestigious scienti  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2020, 03:59
Abhi077 wrote:
In a 1998 study submitting more than 200 papers to prestigious scientific journals, a British editor, stating that since most of the papers' reviewers had failed to notice intentional errors in analysis and design, none could be entirely trusted.

A) editor, stating that since most of the papers' reviewers had failed to notice intentional errors in analysis and design,
B) editor, stating that most of the papers' reviewers failed in not noticing such intentional errors like analysis and design, and
C) editor stated that since most of the papers' reviewers, having failed to notice intentional errors in analysis and design,
D) editor stated that since most of the papers' reviewers fail in noticing intentional errors like analysis and design,
E) editor stated that since most of the papers' reviewers had failed to notice intentional errors in analysis and design,

Dependent Clause + Independent Clause (IC)

A) There's no verb for the IC

B) There's no verb for the IC

C) There's no verb for the part "since most of the papers' reviewers ..."

D) Idiom error. It's "fail to notice", not "fail in noticing"

E) Correct. Perfect use of past perfect
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Re: In a 1998 study submitting more than 200 papers to prestigious scienti  [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2020, 10:32
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

If this sentence sounds hard to read at first, it's because the sentence doesn't have a main verb. We can break the sentence up to see this more clearly: everything before the first comma is an introductory phrase before the main sentence, and everything after "that" is the object of the sentence (describing what the editor stated). We can eliminate Choices (A) and (B). Choices (C), (D), and (E) all fix this issue by changing the -ing verb "stating" to an active verb. Now we'll look at the difference between those options.
Choices (C), (D), and (E) are all the same except for the tenses they use for "fail." Our first instinct might be to choose the simplest option, the present tense used in (D). But when we read the sentence using that option, we see that it doesn't make sense: this verb is supposed to refer to a specific time in the past, not to an ongoing action in the present. Between Choices (C) and (E), only (E) uses an active verb that completes the clause beginning after "that."
The correct answer is Choice (E).

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Re: In a 1998 study submitting more than 200 papers to prestigious scienti   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2020, 10:32