Walkabout wrote:

In a certain district, the ratio of the number of registered Republicans to the number of registered Democrats was 3/5. After 600 additional Republicans and 500 additional Democrats registered, the ratio was 4/5. After these registrations, there were how many more voters in the district registered as Democrats than as Republicans?

(A) 100

(B) 300

(C) 400

(D) 1,000

(E) 2,500

The fractional ratio indicates that for every 3 Republicans, there are 5 Democrats, a ratio of 3 : 5. We first set up this ratio of registered Republicans to registered Democrats using a variable multiplier:

Republicans: Democrats = 3x : 5x

We are given that 600 additional Republicans and 500 additional Democrats registered and that the new ratio of Republicans to Democrats was 4 to 5. This means that the new number of Republicans can be expressed as (3x + 600), and the new number of Democrats can be expressed as (5x + 500). We can put all this into an equation:

R/D (3x+600)/(5x+500) = 4/5

After cross multiplying we have:

5(3x+600) = 4(5x+500)

15x + 3,000 = 20x + 2,000

1,000 = 5x

x = 200

Thus after the registration we have the following:

Democrats = (5 × 200) + 500 = 1,500

Republicans = (3 × 200) + 600 = 1,200

There are 1,500 – 1,200 = 300 more Democrats than Republicans.

Answer B.

_________________

Scott Woodbury-Stewart

Founder and CEO

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