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# In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of

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Manager
Joined: 01 Sep 2012
Posts: 128
In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 13:27
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In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in millions of dollars, Y represents the total national income in millions of dollars, and the relationship between these two values is given by the equation C=90+9Y/11. If the total amount of consumption in the economy increases by 99 million dollars, what is the increase in the total national income, in millions of dollars?

A.11
B.22
C.99
D.121
E.171

I tried several different approaches any tried to input numbers to see how it reacts but nothing worked...
can someone care to explain?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 21:00
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roygush wrote:
In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in millions of dollars, Y represents the total national income in millions of dollars, and the relationship between these two values is given by the equation C=90+9Y/11. If the total amount of consumption in the economy increases by 99 million dollars, what is the increase in the total national income, in millions of dollars?

A.11
B.22
C.99
D.121
E.171

I tried several different approaches any tried to input numbers to see how it reacts but nothing worked...
can someone care to explain?

$$C_{old} = 90 + \frac{9Y_{old}}{11}$$

$$Y_{old} = \frac{(C_{old} - 90)*11}{9}$$

$$Y_{new} = \frac{(C_{old} + 99 - 90)*11}{9} = \frac{(C_{old} + 9)*11}{9}$$

$$Increase = Y_{new} - Y_{old} = \frac{(C_{old} + 9)*11}{9} - \frac{(C_{old} - 90)*11}{9} = \frac{99*11}{9}$$

= 121

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Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2012, 03:07
MacFauz wrote:
roygush wrote:
In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in millions of dollars, Y represents the total national income in millions of dollars, and the relationship between these two values is given by the equation C=90+9Y/11. If the total amount of consumption in the economy increases by 99 million dollars, what is the increase in the total national income, in millions of dollars?

A.11
B.22
C.99
D.121
E.171

I tried several different approaches any tried to input numbers to see how it reacts but nothing worked...
can someone care to explain?

$$C_{old} = 90 + \frac{9Y_{old}}{11}$$

$$Y_{old} = \frac{(C_{old} - 90)*11}{9}$$

$$Y_{new} = \frac{(C_{old} + 99 - 90)*11}{9} = \frac{(C_{old} + 9)*11}{9}$$

$$Increase = Y_{new} - Y_{old} = \frac{(C_{old} + 9)*11}{9} - \frac{(C_{old} - 90)*11}{9} = \frac{99*11}{9}$$

= 121

Ok so your thinking process was - i need to find an increase hence subtract Yold and Ynew.
I did isolated Y and then instead of C i put C+99 but wasnt aware that i should treat them as Old and New.
interesting...
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Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2012, 05:54
roygush wrote:
In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in millions of dollars, Y represents the total national income in millions of dollars, and the relationship between these two values is given by the equation C=90+9Y/11. If the total amount of consumption in the economy increases by 99 million dollars, what is the increase in the total national income, in millions of dollars?

A.11
B.22
C.99
D.121
E.171

I tried several different approaches any tried to input numbers to see how it reacts but nothing worked...
can someone care to explain?

$$C=90+\frac{9Y}{11}$$ --> $$Y=\frac{11C}{9}-9*11$$.

$$Y_1=\frac{11C}{9}-9*11$$;
$$Y_2=\frac{11(C+99)}{9}-9*11=\frac{11C}{9}+11*11-9*11=(\frac{11C}{9}-9*11)+121$$.

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Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2012, 07:14
MacFauz wrote:
roygush wrote:
In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in millions of dollars, Y represents the total national income in millions of dollars, and the relationship between these two values is given by the equation C=90+9Y/11. If the total amount of consumption in the economy increases by 99 million dollars, what is the increase in the total national income, in millions of dollars?

A.11
B.22
C.99
D.121
E.171

I tried several different approaches any tried to input numbers to see how it reacts but nothing worked...
can someone care to explain?

$$C_{old} = 90 + \frac{9Y_{old}}{11}$$

$$Y_{old} = \frac{(C_{old} - 90)*11}{9}$$

$$Y_{new} = \frac{(C_{old} + 99 - 90)*11}{9} = \frac{(C_{old} + 9)*11}{9}$$

$$Increase = Y_{new} - Y_{old} = \frac{(C_{old} + 9)*11}{9} - \frac{(C_{old} - 90)*11}{9} = \frac{99*11}{9}$$

= 121

I like your approach step by step, is fine.

But also if we do :C = 90 + 9y/11 ------> adding 99 we have 11 (C - 90 +99)/9= y -------> 11C + 99/9 = Y clearly the only value that fits is 11 * 2 + 99/9 = y. $$That is, 121$$
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Joined: 24 Apr 2012
Posts: 48
Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2012, 04:18
Ans:
C = 90 + 9y/11 , adding 99 we have 11 (C - 90 +99)/9= y , (11C + 99)/9 = Y , so the increase is Y-y=121 the answer is (D).
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Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2014, 07:41
Just assume y=11 and C=99

Then C=198 and Y=132

So Y increases by 121

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Posts: 7440
Location: Pune, India
Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2014, 21:20
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Expert's post
roygush wrote:
In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in millions of dollars, Y represents the total national income in millions of dollars, and the relationship between these two values is given by the equation C=90+9Y/11. If the total amount of consumption in the economy increases by 99 million dollars, what is the increase in the total national income, in millions of dollars?

A.11
B.22
C.99
D.121
E.171

I tried several different approaches any tried to input numbers to see how it reacts but nothing worked...
can someone care to explain?

Given $$C = 90 + \frac{9Y}{11}$$
Note that C changes whenever Y changes. So if C increases by 99, it's because Y increased from Y1 to Y2.

$$\frac{9}{11}(Y2 - Y1) = 99$$
$$Y2 - Y1 = 121$$
Y increased by 121 which led to an increase of 99 in C.
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Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2016, 23:54
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In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2016, 11:17
In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in millions of dollars, Y represents the total national income in millions of dollars, and the relationship between these two values is given by the equation $$C= 90+\frac{9}{11}y$$ . If the total amount of consumption in the economy increases by 99 million dollars, what is the increase in the total national income, in millions of dollars?

A) 11

B) 22

C) 99

D) 121

E) 171
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 39626
Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2016, 11:21
ninayeyen wrote:
In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in millions of dollars, Y represents the total national income in millions of dollars, and the relationship between these two values is given by the equation $$C= 90+\frac{9}{11}y$$ . If the total amount of consumption in the economy increases by 99 million dollars, what is the increase in the total national income, in millions of dollars?

A) 11

B) 22

C) 99

D) 121

E) 171

Merging topics. Please refer to the discussion above.
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Posts: 4559
Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2016, 07:48
ninayeyen wrote:
In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of consumption in millions of dollars, Y represents the total national income in millions of dollars, and the relationship between these two values is given by the equation $$C= 90+\frac{9}{11}y$$ . If the total amount of consumption in the economy increases by 99 million dollars, what is the increase in the total national income, in millions of dollars?

A) 11

B) 22

C) 99

D) 121

E) 171

hi,
lets see the equation-
$$C= 90+\frac{9}{11}y$$ ..

here 90 is a constant term, so ANY increase / decrease in C will be COMPENSATED by y..
so an increase of 99 will be taken care by y..

$$99= \frac{9}{11}y$$ or y=121..
D
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Re: In a certain economy, C represents the total amount of   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2016, 07:48
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