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In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Afr

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In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2020, 01:02
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In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Africa, drumming is used to precipitate a trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts of a revivified myth.

A. trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts
B. trance, inducing the possessed to perform parts
C. state of trance, which induces the possessed to perform a part
D. trance state and to induce the possessed to perform parts
E. trance state and inducing the possessed to performing parts

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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2020, 01:49
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In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Africa, drumming is used to precipitate a trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts of a revivified myth.

A. trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts; inducing is not parallel to first part and it does not makes much sense with opening modifier
B. trance, inducing the possessed to perform parts; drumming is not used to cause a trace but to initiate a state of trance.
C. state of trance, which induces the possessed to perform a part; which changes the meaning, act of drumming induces the possessed to do something
D. trance state and to induce the possessed to perform parts; act of drumming is used to start a state of trace and make possessed do something
E. trance state and inducing the possessed to performing parts; similar to option A use of inducing is not parallel
ans: D
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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2020, 07:12
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In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Africa, drumming is used to precipitate a trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts of a revivified myth.

A. trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts -- nonparallel elements (to participate ... and inducing)
B. trance, inducing the possessed to perform parts -- eliminates the word "state" and changes meaning
C. state of trance, which induces the possessed to perform a part -- trance doesn't induced the possessed, drumming does
D. trance state and to induce the possessed to perform parts -- CORRECT, parallel (to precipitate and to induce)
E. trance state and inducing the possessed to performing parts -- same as A


So, the answer should be D
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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2020, 11:26
IMO D.

Main sentence has parallelism error "to precipitate" and "drumming are nor parallel"
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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2020, 20:57
Ans - B

A. trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts - INDUCING SHOULD BE MODIFIER OF THE STATE
B. trance, inducing the possessed to perform parts - PERFECTLY MODIFIES
C. state of trance, which induces the possessed to perform a part - WHICH IS INCORRECT FOR RELATING STATE OF TRANCE AND INDUCTION
D. trance state and to induce the possessed to perform parts - INCORRECT PARALLESIM USED
E. trance state and inducing the possessed to performing parts - INCORRECT PARALLELISM USED

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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Afr  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2020, 23:51

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Africa, drumming is used to precipitate a trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts of a revivified myth.

A. trance state and inducing the possessed to perform parts

Incorrect.

The construction A and B (to precipitate ... and inducing) requires that A and B belong to the same part of speech. In this case, to precipitate is a non-conjugated verb of the to V (infinitive) type whereas inducing is a non-conjugated verb of the V+ing (gerund) type.

What helps us identify this question as a Parallelism question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

A and/or/but B

When you identify this structure, make sure it follows these rules:

1. A and B must be of the same part of speech.
2. A and B must be logically parallel.



B. trance, inducing the possessed to perform parts

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original sentence, it is stylistically flawed due to ambiguity. It is unclear whether the phrase inducing the possessed... refers to the trance or the drumming.



C. state of trance, which induces the possessed to perform a part

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original sentence, it changes the meaning of the original sentence. In the original sentence drumming is the cause of inducing. In this sentence, a trance state is the cause of this action. Compare:

Original sentence: Drumming (1) causes the trance state; and (2) induces the possessed ...

This sentence: Drumming --> causes the trance state --> which induces the possessed ...



D. trance state and to induce the possessed to perform parts

This answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original sentence by changing the non-conjugated V+ing verb form inducing to the to V verb form induce, to match the parallel verb form to precipitate.


E. trance state and inducing the possessed to performing parts

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original Parallelism mistake and introduces another grammatical mistake.

The construction A and B (to precipitate ... and inducing) requires that A and B belong to the same part of speech. In this case, to precipitate is a non-conjugated verb of the to V (infinitive) type whereas inducing is a non-conjugated verb of the V+ing (gerund) type. Furthermore, the phrase to performing is gramatically incorrect - only to perform is required.

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Re: In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Afr   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2020, 23:51

In a number of known spirit possession ceremonies from sub-Saharan Afr

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