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# In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the

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Director
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2005, 19:10
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Please explain the meaning and sentence structure of the answer choice u have choosen.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by HKD1710 on 08 Oct 2016, 08:16, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2005, 19:14
Bet "C" and "D"....i choose "C".....||ism ......absorbing....protecting...

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Director
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2005, 19:33
not sure if my analysis is correct:

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

this is a restrictive clause..so I choose act for parallelism with rise

and the ing phrases are participle phrases (acting as adjectives describing the noun buffer)..and for parallelism within these, I would choose absorbing

Agree with C

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Manager
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2005, 22:13
Very nice one : )

(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
Correct although - wouldn't "act as" require "act as a buffer does" ?

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2005, 02:17
jpv wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Please explain the meaning and sentence structure of the answer choice u have choosen.

C it is. Parallelism can crack this.

......rocks that would rise...... and act ....., absorbing .....and protecting .....

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2005, 03:44
vithal and chunjuwa, great job done!

one more fore "C"

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2005, 07:44
The rocks does two things:

- rise 6 feet above the waterline and
- act as a buffer.

It can't act like a buffer. Like is used to indicate similarities, and here it's inappropriate use, as we know for sure the purpose of the rocks: cushioning the crash of the waves (buffer).

So we can rule out B, E, and D since participle 'acting' is the wrong tense.

So we're left with A and C. Between A and C, C is the better choice. 'buffering' clearly states how the rocks breaks up the crashing waves.

C for me.

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Director
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2005, 14:02
Vithal wrote:
and the ing phrases are participle phrases (acting as adjectives describing the noun buffer)

Is the Participle Phrase when used as Paranthetical element always modify the the word just before/after the COMMA or can they modify the other words as well??

Examples:
John, having been torn by that unfortunate tragedy, attempted suicide. ((Adj.) having been... modifies John which is immediately before it)

Can we have a situation where Participle phrase used as Paranthetical Element does not modify the immediate word (Noun)?

I got confused in this question becuase I started thinking that whether "having.." modifies Buffer or Army Corps.

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2005, 14:16
A participial phrase not modifying the immediately preceding word is called an absolute phrase.

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... sc&start=0
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Paul

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2005, 15:33
Paul wrote:
A participial phrase not modifying the immediately preceding word is called an absolute phrase.

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... sc&start=0

But.. Absolute phrase contains Noun + Participle Phrase + Modifier (Optional)

Can an Absolute phrase stand without Noun?

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Director
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2005, 15:57
Paul.. Got my answer.... Just for confirmation... Here Adjective Phrase is what we are calling Participle Phrase. Am I right?

Another kind of absolute phrase is found after a modified noun; it adds a focusing detail or point of focus to the idea of the main clause. This kind of absolute phrase can take the form of a prepositional phrase, an adjective phrase, or a noun phrase.

* The old firefighter stood over the smoking ruins, his senses alert to any sign of another flare-up.
* His subordinates, their faces sweat-streaked and smudged with ash, leaned heavily against the firetruck.
* They knew all too well how all their hard work could be undone â€” in an instant.

Source: http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2007, 15:05
jpv wrote:
Paul.. Got my answer.... Just for confirmation... Here Adjective Phrase is what we are calling Participle Phrase. Am I right?

Another kind of absolute phrase is found after a modified noun; it adds a focusing detail or point of focus to the idea of the main clause. This kind of absolute phrase can take the form of a prepositional phrase, an adjective phrase, or a noun phrase.

* The old firefighter stood over the smoking ruins, his senses alert to any sign of another flare-up.
* His subordinates, their faces sweat-streaked and smudged with ash, leaned heavily against the firetruck.
* They knew all too well how all their hard work could be undone â€” in an instant.

Source: http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2007, 16:30
Using POE i was left with A and C

Choose C over A , as it is concise

But would like to know why A is wrong in simple words

Thanks

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2007, 17:15
tough

like isn't directly comparing it

as is better

then to maintain parallelism I went with C

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2007, 21:02
jpv wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Please explain the meaning and sentence structure of the answer choice u have choosen.

C. only C is parallel and correct modifying phrase.

that would rise ......... and act ..........

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2007, 01:38
Easy question. Only C maintains // in both parts: rise and act as a buffer and absorbing and protecting.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2010, 08:10
I would appreciate if someone explain the reason behind using "as" in this sentence.

Like - is used to compare "noun"
As - is used to compare "verbs"

Are we are using "as" because we are comparing "breakwater of rocks will act as a buffer". If yes, dont we need "does" after the word "buffer"....like this...

"breakwater of rocks will act as a buffer [does]"?

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2011, 04:17
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Parallelism--that would rise and act
So that leaves us with A,B,C. act like vs. act as. Act like means act similar to. Act as means function as. Here Act as is correct use meaning wise. So between A and C, we have so that it absorbs vs. absorbing.
There is one more parallelism here. absorbing anf protecting. So D is correct.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2012, 13:45
Isn't breakwater singular? Shouldn't we use "acts as a buffer"??

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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2012, 13:56
karthiksms wrote:
Isn't breakwater singular? Shouldn't we use "acts as a buffer"??

Follow the non-underlined part " rise " , and make it parallel to the next. So would rise // would act.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the   [#permalink] 07 Aug 2012, 13:56

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