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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of

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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Nov 2018, 04:09
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.


(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs

(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb

(C) act as a buffer, absorbing

(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing

(E) acting like a buffer, absorb


The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 56
Page: 646

Originally posted by jpv on 05 Mar 2005, 19:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 12 Nov 2018, 04:09, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2011, 04:17
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Parallelism--that would rise and act
So that leaves us with A,B,C. act like vs. act as. Act like means act similar to. Act as means function as. Here Act as is correct use meaning wise. So between A and C, we have so that it absorbs vs. absorbing.
There is one more parallelism here. absorbing anf protecting. So D is correct.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2005, 02:17
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jpv wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Please explain the meaning and sentence structure of the answer choice u have choosen.


C it is. Parallelism can crack this.

......rocks that would rise...... and act ....., absorbing .....and protecting .....
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2012, 14:31
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What is rise/act referring to? I feel it can't refer to a prepositional phrase "of rocks", so I see breakwater as singular..

Going by parallelism is fine, but we need to look at subject verb singular/plural agreement too, right?
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 07:23
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nakib77 wrote:
3. In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb


Is it C?

Act as a buffer seems correct. If we say absorbing then it agrees with the protecting (bold / underlined) part of the question
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2010, 08:10
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I would appreciate if someone explain the reason behind using "as" in this sentence.

Like - is used to compare "noun"
As - is used to compare "verbs"

Are we are using "as" because we are comparing "breakwater of rocks will act as a buffer". If yes, dont we need "does" after the word "buffer"....like this...

"breakwater of rocks will act as a buffer [does]"?
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2011, 04:19
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

Parallelism--that would rise and act
So that leaves us with A,B,C. act like vs. act as. Act like means act similar to. Act as means function as. Here Act as is correct use meaning wise. So between A and C, we have so that it absorbs vs. absorbing.
There is one more parallelism here. absorbing anf protecting. So D is correct.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2012, 13:57
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-as is used to compare clause so we have to fix it by using like.
-absorbing is parallel to protecting
(C) wins.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 02:58
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ankurgupta03 wrote:
as should be followed by a verb and like compares noun,
So shouldn't B be the answer?

The OA according to OG13 is C


Nope. B is not parallel first of all.

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing

Moreover "as" is used also to compare FUNCTIONS, "like" cannot do that: as-vs-like-correct-and-incorrect-usages-133950.html
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2013, 16:54
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fozzzy wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline
and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

These are the subject-verb pairs so in option C the absorbing and Protecting is presenting the result of the clause " act as buffer" Is this correct?


Hi fozzy.

You're not totally correct.

Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> always modifies a preceding clause. "absorbing" || "protecting" are verb-ing modifiers that modify a preceding clause. Let think, what can absorb water? ==> a buffer. What can protect the beaches? ==> a breakwater of rock.

So, the modifier part modifies the preceding clause "a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer", not only "act as a buffer".

Hope it helps.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2014, 03:10
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nakib77 wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.
(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs
(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb
(C) act as a buffer, absorbing
(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing
(E) acting like a buffer, absorb



ideom + parallelism


Ideom:

you say "act AS", not "act LIKE" in this context. "You act like a crazy person" means you act in the same way that a crazy person does. You "act AS a crazy person" means you act as if you are a crazy person. The buffer is not supposed to mimic some other things MO, it is supposed to completely be the same as that other thing. So the breakwater functions precisely the same way that a buffer does, in this context.

Parallelism:

look to the right of the underlined portion.. We have protecting.. This is a present participle. So, we need a present participle in the underlined portion. Only C and D have this, the problem with D is that act is not supposed to be present participle, it distorts the meaning of the author.

So, C is our choice
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2016, 04:25
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In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...
{Parallelism 2}
absorbing ... and protecting

Therefore, ans: C
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2016, 06:47
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smartyman wrote:
My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...

I feel that "to shore" and "(to) act" is not the Parallelism that is being tested here.

Parallelism is between "rise" and "act".
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2016, 07:54
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sepehrsafari wrote:
smartyman wrote:
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

My analysis:
{Parallelism 1}
... building (VERB) parallel (NOUN) to shore ... (Descriptive) and (to - omitted in ans because understood) act ...
{Parallelism 2}
absorbing ... and protecting

Therefore, ans: C


hi, thank you for your response but as i'd mentioned before, i DO understand the issue with parallelism but i do understand the explanation i have a problem with the coordinating conjunction " and" after "above the water line" . As far as i am concerned, coordinating conjunctions make independent clauses, but in the correct answer, after "and" there is no independent clause, consisting verb and subject


Hi,

AND has a role as coordinating conjunction, but it is not that it has to join ONLY two ICs..
I like to eat pasta and pizza....
there are no ICs... It is just one clause joining similar items..

same is the case here..
a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer,
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2018, 02:42
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ShashwatPrakash wrote:
SWAT09 wrote:
Comma+verb-ing modifier modifies preceding clause immediately before it. here- act as buffer



Thanks for the reply SWAT09.
But then 'act as buffer' is not doing the action of 'absorbing'. It is the 'buffer' that is doing the action, so ideally there should be no comma.

Please clarify.

ShashwatPrakash the intention here is " absorbing the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches" is the result of an activity = a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer. The whole activity of - a breakwater of rocks rising six feet above the waterline and acting as a buffer is doing the action of absorbing and protecting. Its like cause and effect.

if it was ..act as buffer absorbing the energy..... then "absorbing" here will only modify concrete subject "buffer" but then doing so will not present a cause and effect situation.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2005, 15:57
Paul.. Got my answer.... Just for confirmation... Here Adjective Phrase is what we are calling Participle Phrase. Am I right?

Another kind of absolute phrase is found after a modified noun; it adds a focusing detail or point of focus to the idea of the main clause. This kind of absolute phrase can take the form of a prepositional phrase, an adjective phrase, or a noun phrase.

* The old firefighter stood over the smoking ruins, his senses alert to any sign of another flare-up.
* His subordinates, their faces sweat-streaked and smudged with ash, leaned heavily against the firetruck.
* They knew all too well how all their hard work could be undone — in an instant.

Source: http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2005, 10:36
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C.

Parallelism is being used here - it must be act to parallel rise and must be absorbing to mirror protecting.
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2007, 15:05
jpv wrote:
Paul.. Got my answer.... Just for confirmation... Here Adjective Phrase is what we are calling Participle Phrase. Am I right?

Another kind of absolute phrase is found after a modified noun; it adds a focusing detail or point of focus to the idea of the main clause. This kind of absolute phrase can take the form of a prepositional phrase, an adjective phrase, or a noun phrase.

* The old firefighter stood over the smoking ruins, his senses alert to any sign of another flare-up.
* His subordinates, their faces sweat-streaked and smudged with ash, leaned heavily against the firetruck.
* They knew all too well how all their hard work could be undone — in an instant.

Source: http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm


http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/phrases.htm
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2013, 01:53
as should be followed by a verb and like compares noun,
So shouldn't B be the answer?

The OA according to OG13 is C
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2013, 01:30
In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would rise six feet above the waterline
and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

These are the subject-verb pairs so in option C the absorbing and Protecting is presenting the result of the clause " act as buffer" Is this correct?
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Re: In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of   [#permalink] 12 Sep 2013, 01:30

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