In a political system with only two major parties, the : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# In a political system with only two major parties, the

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Director
Joined: 06 Jan 2008
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In a political system with only two major parties, the [#permalink]

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02 May 2008, 07:34
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In a political system with only two major parties, the entrance of a third-party candidate into an election race damages the chances of only one of the two major candidates. The third-party candidate always attracts some of the voters who might otherwise have voted for one of the two major candidates, but not voters who support the other candidate. Since a third-party candidacy affects the two major candidates unequally, for reasons neither of them has any control over, the practice is unfair and should not be allowed.
If the factual information in the passage above is true, which of the following can be most reliably inferred from it?

(A) If the political platform of the third party is a compromise position between that of the two major parties, the third party will draw its voters equally from the two major parties.
(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the majo parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.
(C) A third-party candidate will not capture the votes of new voters who have never voted for candidates of either of the two major parties.
(D) The political stance of a third party will be more radical than that of either of the two major parties.
(E) The founders of a third party are likely to be a coalition consisting of former leaders of the two major parties.
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Director
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Re: CR - political parties [#permalink]

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02 May 2008, 07:49
When sovling an inferred problem we are looking for the answer that must be true.

(A) If the political platform of the third party is a compromise position between that of the two major parties, the third party will draw its voters equally from the two major parties.
It has already been stated as fact that the two parties are affected unequally.

(B) If, before the emergence of a third party, voters were divided equally between the two major parties, neither of the majo parties is likely to capture much more than one-half of the vote.
True, if voters are divided equally and there is only two parties then each party gets 50%.

(C) A third-party candidate will not capture the votes of new voters who have never voted for candidates of either of the two major parties.
New voters who have never voter aren't addressed so we can't conclude this for sure.

(D) The political stance of a third party will be more radical than that of either of the two major parties.
This isn't discussed at all.

(E) The founders of a third party are likely to be a coalition consisting of former leaders of the two major parties.
This isn't discussed either.
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Re: CR - political parties [#permalink]

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02 May 2008, 07:55
Yes B..

key word before the emergence of the 3rd PARTY..
Re: CR - political parties   [#permalink] 02 May 2008, 07:55
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