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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # In a race between A and B, both start simultaneously from the same poi

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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 61396
In a race between A and B, both start simultaneously from the same poi  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 54% (02:48) correct 46% (02:41) wrong based on 13 sessions

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In a race between A and B, both start simultaneously from the same point but A runs clockwise and B runs anticlockwise. They meet for the first time at a distance of 300 meters clockwise from the starting point and for the second time at a distance of 200 meters anticlockwise from the starting point. Find the ratio of speeds of A and B, if it is known that A has not completed one full round until the second meeting.

A. 3 : 2
B. 1 : 1
C. 3 : 5
D. 1 : 3
E. Cannot be determined

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Joined: 20 Jul 2017
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Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Marketing
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Re: In a race between A and B, both start simultaneously from the same poi  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
In a race between A and B, both start simultaneously from the same point but A runs clockwise and B runs anticlockwise. They meet for the first time at a distance of 300 meters clockwise from the starting point and for the second time at a distance of 200 meters anticlockwise from the starting point. Find the ratio of speeds of A and B, if it is known that A has not completed one full round until the second meeting.

A. 3 : 2
B. 1 : 1
C. 3 : 5
D. 1 : 3
E. Cannot be determined

Let the total distance of the track = d and the speeds of A & B = x & y respectively
To find, x : y

When they first met,
Distance traveled by A = 300 & that of B = (d - 300)

Time taken by both A & B to meet each other is same
--> $$\frac{x}{300}$$ = $$\frac{y}{(d - 300)}$$
--> $$\frac{d - 300}{300}$$ = $$\frac{y}{x}$$
--> $$\frac{d}{300}$$ = $$\frac{y}{x} + 1$$
--> $$d$$ = $$(\frac{y}{x} + 1)300$$ ....... (1)

When they met for the second time,
Distance traveled by A = d - 300 - 200 = d - 500 & that of B = 300 + 200 = 500

Time taken by both A & B to meet each other is same
--> $$\frac{x}{d - 500}$$ = $$\frac{y}{500}$$
--> $$\frac{x}{y}$$ = $$\frac{d - 500}{500}$$
--> $$\frac{d}{500 - 1}$$ = $$\frac{x}{y}$$
--> $$\frac{d}{500}$$ = $$\frac{x}{y} + 1$$
--> $$d$$ = $$(\frac{x}{y} + 1)500$$ ....... (2)

Equation (1) & (2) and let x/y = a
--> $$(\frac{1}{a} + 1)300$$ = $$(a + 1)500$$
--> $$\frac{3(a + 1)}{a} = 5(a + 1)$$
--> $$(a + 1)(\frac{3}{a} - 5) = 0$$
--> $$(\frac{3}{a} - 5) = 0$$ or $$a + 1 = 0$$
--> a = 3/5 or a = -1 (-1 is not possible!)
--> x : y = 3 : 5

IMO Option C Re: In a race between A and B, both start simultaneously from the same poi   [#permalink] 10 Jan 2020, 01:06
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