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# In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers

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Senior Manager
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In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 21:18
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In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers syndrome an interesting fact was noted. The people suffering from this syndrome consumed dairy products in much larger quantities than people who were not suffering from this syndrome. Thus the study concluded that to reduce the chances of getting afflicted with Babblers syndrome, one should completely avoid the consumption of dairy products or consume them in moderate quantities at best.

The study’s conclusion is based on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Excessive consumption of dairy products can have a negative impact on the health of people
(B) Babblers syndrome is a dangerous disease
(C) The effects of Babblers syndrome do not include excessive desire to consume dairy products
(D) Cutting down on dairy products will ensure that one does not contract Babblers syndrome
(E) Nothing else can lead to Babblers syndrome except the consumption of dairy products

Source: CR Grail
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers syndro [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 21:19
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Explanation:

Here in the argument, the conclusion made is: Nil or moderate (at best) quantities of dairy products consumption will reduce the chances of getting afflicted with Babblers syndrome. Other way to say it would be: Consumption of dairy products in much larger quantities increases the chances of getting afflicted with Babblers syndrome.

Evidence for this conclusion is the result of a study which presents the correlation between Babblers Syndrome and consumption of dairy products in much larger quantities.

No proper information is given on which one is the cause and which one is the effect. There can be several scenarios related to this situation.
1) Consumption of dairy products in large quantities causes Babblers syndrome
2) Babblers syndrome induces high consumption of dairy products
3) There is no actual correlation between Babblers Syndrome and high consumption of dairy products, and the study result is a mere coincidence. Cause for Babblers Syndrome is something else.

To arrive to the stated conclusion from the given evidence, we have to assume that first scenario is true and second and third scenarios are false.

A) Our concern is to find the effect of high consumption of dairy products on the specific problem "Babblers Syndrome" and not the health problem in general. Out of scope.

B) This statement is not related to the conclusion of the argument. Out of scope.

C) This statement says that scenario 2 above is false and thus it is supportive of the conclusion. Correct.

D) The argument says that nil/low consumption of dairy products will reduce the chance of having Babblers Syndrome -- this does not mean that nil/low consumption will ensure the complete elimination of the chance of having Babblers Syndrome. Also the argument never says that the only way to get Babblers Syndrome is through consumption of dairy products. Wrong.

E) The argument never says that the only way to get Babblers Syndrome is through consumption of dairy products. The key here is consumption of dairy products in much larger quantities. Wrong.

PS: The question is not difficult to answer considering GMAC's preferences. Point to note here is that some answer choices are good traps.

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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers syndro [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 23:13
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Thanks doe007. Very good question and +1 kudo awarded.

KEY is: people suffering from this syndrome consumed dairy products in MUCH LARGER QUANTITIES than people who were not suffering
If one consumes dairy products at normal level, he or she won't be suffered from the syndrome.

Analyze the question:

This is cause & effect:
Fact: more X causes Y,
conclusion: to avoid Y, must reduce X
assumption: Y does not make X increase. Because if Y makes X increase, we can't reduce X.

Premise: people suffering from Babbler consumed dairy products in much larger quantities than people who were not suffering
Conclusion: to avoid Babblers syndrome, people should completely avoid the consumption of dairy products or consume them in moderate quantities at best.
Assumption: Babbler does not cause one consume more dairy products.

(A) Excessive consumption of dairy products can have a negative impact on the health of people ==> WRONG. Out of scope

(B) Babblers syndrome is a dangerous disease ==> WRONG. Out of scope

(C) The effects of Babblers syndrome do not include excessive desire to consume dairy products ==> CORRECT

(D) Cutting down on dairy products will ensure that one does not contract Babblers syndrome ==> SHELL GAME. because the cutting down on dairy products does not help anything if Babbler makes one consume more dairy products ==> Result, one cannot reduce consumption of dairy products.

(E) Nothing else can lead to Babblers syndrome except the consumption of dairy products ==> SHELL GAME. Wrong. It's true that consumption of dairy products leads to Babbler syndrome, but only TOO MUCH consumption of dairy products, not moderate consumption. So I'd say E is incomplete assumption, hence, E is wrong

Hope it helps.
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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers syndro [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 23:31
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Good explanation by pqhai.
Regarding option D, I have other reason to discard this option. The argument is talking about "reducing the chance" whereas option D is talking about guarantee on complete removal of the disease -- it is too strong to say.

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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers syndro [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 23:55
doe007 wrote:
Good explanation by pqhai.
Regarding option D, I have other reason to discard this option. The argument is talking about "reducing the chance" whereas option D is talking about guarantee on complete removal of the disease -- it is too strong to say.

@doe007
I couldn't agree more. That's exactly what I'm thinking.
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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers syndro [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2013, 03:02
doe007 wrote:
Good explanation by pqhai.
Regarding option D, I have other reason to discard this option. The argument is talking about "reducing the chance" whereas option D is talking about guarantee on complete removal of the disease -- it is too strong to say.

Option (D) Cutting down on dairy products will ensure that one does not contract Babblers syndrome.
This means Reducing the dairy product consumption helps to eliminate the cause of Babblers syndrome. The Option is more similar to conclusion or it says conclusion in some different words. So, this can't be the assumption. Assumption should have something more clear idea.

By the way, you found another idea to arrive at the correct answer.

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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers [#permalink]

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11 May 2013, 09:31
Explanation is posted right after the question. Link to the explanation is: in-a-recent-study-of-people-afflicted-by-the-babblers-151808.html#p1218120

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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 04:27
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I chose C

simplified question stem:
BS and DC are happening at the same time.
To reduce BC chances, one must avoid or lower DC

Possible Assumption: BS is not causing DC and it is reflected in C-choice

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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers syndro [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 08:44
pqhai wrote:
Thanks doe007. Very good question and +1 kudo awarded.

KEY is: people suffering from this syndrome consumed dairy products in MUCH LARGER QUANTITIES than people who were not suffering
If one consumes dairy products at normal level, he or she won't be suffered from the syndrome.

Analyze the question:

This is cause & effect:
Fact: more X causes Y,
conclusion: to avoid Y, must reduce X
assumption: Y does not make X increase. Because if Y makes X increase, we can't reduce X.

Premise: people suffering from Babbler consumed dairy products in much larger quantities than people who were not suffering
Conclusion: to avoid Babblers syndrome, people should completely avoid the consumption of dairy products or consume them in moderate quantities at best.
Assumption: Babbler does not cause one consume more dairy products.

(A) Excessive consumption of dairy products can have a negative impact on the health of people ==> WRONG. Out of scope

(B) Babblers syndrome is a dangerous disease ==> WRONG. Out of scope

(C) The effects of Babblers syndrome do not include excessive desire to consume dairy products ==> CORRECT

(D) Cutting down on dairy products will ensure that one does not contract Babblers syndrome ==> SHELL GAME. because the cutting down on dairy products does not help anything if Babbler makes one consume more dairy products ==> Result, one cannot reduce consumption of dairy products.

(E) Nothing else can lead to Babblers syndrome except the consumption of dairy products ==> SHELL GAME. Wrong. It's true that consumption of dairy products leads to Babbler syndrome, but only TOO MUCH consumption of dairy products, not moderate consumption. So I'd say E is incomplete assumption, hence, E is wrong

Hope it helps.

Hi pqhai,
I am confused b/w C and E.

I agree with C,

but for E, if i say something else leads to Babbler syndrom,e that would weaken..

SO why is E incorrect??

THanks,
Jai
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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers syndro [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 08:55
jaituteja wrote:
Hi pqhai,
I am confused b/w C and E.

I agree with C,

but for E, if i say something else leads to Babbler syndrom,e that would weaken..

SO why is E incorrect??

THanks,
Jai

hi,

In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers syndrome an interesting fact was noted. The people suffering from this syndrome consumed dairy products in much larger quantities than people who were not suffering from this syndrome. Thus the study concluded that toreduce the chances of getting afflicted with Babblers syndrome, one should completely avoid the consumption of dairy products or consume them in moderate quantities at best.

conclusion is that reduced consumption will REDUCE THE CHANCES of getting afflicted...it is not saying that it will completely avoid that syndrome.

option E: Nothing else can lead to Babblers syndrome except the consumption of dairy products==>THIS CANT BE ASSUMPTION because still there will be something else which can persist ,but still conclusion will hold true i.e: less chance of AFFLICTION.

hope it helps.
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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2015, 08:52
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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2015, 23:53
The conclusion state that "Thus the study concluded that to reduce the chances of getting afflicted with Babblers syndrome, one should completely avoid the consumption of dairy products or consume them in moderate quantities at best." This mean we need to consider assumption made prior to getting Babblers disease. But we are taking into assumption , as per Answer C , something which relates to post events ( You are already affected with this disease) . Can you please clarify this point

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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2017, 10:47
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In a recent study of people afflicted by the Babblers   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2017, 10:47
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