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# In a recent study of responses to visual images

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Intern
Joined: 29 May 2013
Posts: 24
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Molson '17 (M)
GMAT Date: 08-20-2014
GPA: 3.34
In a recent study of responses to visual images [#permalink]

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05 May 2014, 20:00
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65% (hard)

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56% (01:19) correct 44% (01:21) wrong based on 277 sessions

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In a recent study of responses to visual images, researchers found that women most frequently gave the rating ‘most attractive’ to images of male faces that were more feminine in contour, and rated more masculine faces, on average, ‘less attractive’. The researchers concluded that modern women prefer men who are less obviously masculine in their facial features.

The conclusion would be most severely weakened if which of the following were true?

A. Facial features are not the criterion that most women use to decide whether a man is attractive.
B. The visual images were computer generated composites of photographs and not pictures of actual men.
C. The rating scale was a ten point scale with most attractive scoring 1-2 and least attractive scoring 8-10.
D. Most popular male actors have the features that the study allocated to the more masculine category.
E. The faces with the more masculine features were all significantly older than those with the feminine features.

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Please press kudos if you like this question
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manager
Joined: 27 Oct 2013
Posts: 244
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT Date: 03-02-2015
GPA: 3.88
Re: In a recent study of responses to visual images [#permalink]

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05 May 2014, 20:43
1
KUDOS
A. Facial features are not the criterion that most women use to decide whether a man is attractive.
It is not hitting the conclusion.

B. The visual images were computer generated composites of photographs and not pictures of actual men.
Not relevant.

C. The rating scale was a ten point scale with most attractive scoring 1-2 and least attractive scoring 8-10.
Irrelevant

D. Most popular male actors have the features that the study allocated to the more masculine category.
Study is based on men in general not on male actors.

E. The faces with the more masculine features were all significantly older than those with the feminine features.
This hits the conclusion. The males with the masculine features are older. This information creates the doubt by stating that may be old age is the reason for women not getting attracted to the male with masculine features.

Hence E is correct
Director
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 797
Re: In a recent study of responses to visual images [#permalink]

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05 May 2014, 22:29
E seems best :The faces with the more masculine features were all significantly older than those with the feminine features.

E provides an alternate reason and hence weaken the argument
Manager
Joined: 03 Jul 2013
Posts: 90
Schools: ISB '17 (A), IIMC (A)
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V32
Re: In a recent study of responses to visual images [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2014, 03:27
What is the issue with A here. A says that women might be attracted to something else apart from facial features.
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In a recent study of responses to visual images [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2014, 06:17
In a recent study of responses to visual images, researchers found that women most frequently gave the rating ‘most attractive’ to images of male faces that were more feminine in contour, and rated more masculine faces, on average, ‘less attractive’. The researchers concluded that modern women prefer men who are less obviously masculine in their facial features.

The conclusion would be most severely weakened if which of the following were true?
Maybe pre-modern women liked the same features in men.

A. Facial features are not the criterion that most women use to decide whether a man is attractive. Tempting. But we are only concerned about the impact of "visual images" on the perceived attractiveness of men to women. In the real world there can be other factors other than facial features but the experiment is not concerned with those. This option is Out of Scope.
B. The visual images were computer generated composites of photographs and not pictures of actual men. That doesnt dis-credit the conclusion. The conclusion still stands
C. The rating scale was a ten point scale with most attractive scoring 1-2 and least attractive scoring 8-10. This is irrelevant to our conclusion. The nitty gritty of the experiment doesnt matter
D. Most popular male actors have the features that the study allocated to the more masculine category. We have no reason to believe that the "popular male actors" are popular ONLY because of female followers.
E. The faces with the more masculine features were all significantly older than those with the feminine features.Correct. This would shatter the conclusion that said that "less masculine" faces were more attractive to women. This would change the conclusion to "younger faces are more attractive to women"
Board of Directors
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2747
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Re: In a recent study of responses to visual images [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2016, 19:05
acegmat1 wrote:
In a recent study of responses to visual images, researchers found that women most frequently gave the rating ‘most attractive’ to images of male faces that were more feminine in contour, and rated more masculine faces, on average, ‘less attractive’. The researchers concluded that modern women prefer men who are less obviously masculine in their facial features.

The conclusion would be most severely weakened if which of the following were true?

A. Facial features are not the criterion that most women use to decide whether a man is attractive.
B. The visual images were computer generated composites of photographs and not pictures of actual men.
C. The rating scale was a ten point scale with most attractive scoring 1-2 and least attractive scoring 8-10.
D. Most popular male actors have the features that the study allocated to the more masculine category.
E. The faces with the more masculine features were all significantly older than those with the feminine features.

-------------------------------------------------
Please press kudos if you like this question

this is a weaken type of question.
to weaken the conclusion most efficiently, we can identify the conclusion and negate it.

the assumption here might be = facial features are the criterion used by modern women to decide whether a man is attractive.
negate it = facial features are not the criterion used by modern women to decide whether a man is attractive.

do you see the subtle change in meaning in answer choice A?
A talks about the majority = 51-100 of ALL women, while the argument says about ALL MODERN women.
what if the minority of women (1-50) are modern women?
A is out.
B - where the images were taken is out of scope.
C - what the rating scale was is out of scope.
D - popular does not mean attractive (sorry Ed Sheeran - thought right away about you, though u are handsome, no homo )
E - yes! if faces with more masculine features were old, then of course women would select the young faces as more attractive.
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Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 2718
Re: In a recent study of responses to visual images [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2018, 12:22
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In a recent study of responses to visual images   [#permalink] 26 Mar 2018, 12:22
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