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# In an attempt to produce premium oysters

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16 Jul 2013, 00:22
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In an attempt to produce premium oysters, a firm in Scotland has developed a prototype of a submersible oyster farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean, and it provides ideal conditions for the mollusks' growth.
A. farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean, and it provides
B. farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean for providing
C. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and providing
D. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and provides
E. farm that is sitting below the surface of the ocean and it provides
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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16 Jul 2013, 00:28
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In an attempt to produce premium oysters, a firm in Scotland has developed a prototype of a submersible oyster farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean, and it provides ideal conditions for the mollusks' growth.

If you use COMMA + ING, you are modifying the whole preceding clause. This is mainly used to presents the results of an action, to add info to the preceding clause.

A. farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean, and it provides
B. farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean for providing

Options A B use that, and it's clearly wrong.

Now, the remaining options start with "that" <==a noun modifier so we are referring to the "submersible oyster farm" alone.
C. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and providing
D. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and provides
E. farm that is sitting below the surface of the ocean and it provides

The only parallel option is D, hence is the correct one. The verb must be parallel as both express an idea about the "submersible oyster farm".
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16 Jul 2013, 00:32
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In an attempt to produce premium oysters, a firm in Scotland has developed a prototype of a submersible oyster farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean, and it provides ideal conditions for the mollusks' growth.

A. farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean, and it provides
Wrong. "sitting below the surface of the ocean" is modifier ==> Technically, it should modify the preceding clause ==> Does not make sense

B. farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean for providing
Wrong.
Modifier problem like that of A.
Changes meaning: sit below the surface of the ocean for providing....

C. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and providing
Wrong. Not parallel.

D. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and provides
Correct. "Sits" || "provides".

E. farm that is sitting below the surface of the ocean and it provides
Wrong.
Not parallel.
"it" is not clear, it refers to "a firm" or "a prototype"? ==> when see it, its, they, them, their (the deadly five), we need to determine antecedents correctly.

Hope it helps.
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21 Nov 2013, 11:08
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mohnish104 wrote:
I get the parallelism in D. But a farm that "sits", I dunno.

Yes, but since all options use this, we don't need to bother about it.
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16 Jul 2013, 00:31
espa wrote:
In an attempt to produce premium oysters, a firm in Scotland has developed a prototype of a submersible oyster farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean, and it provides ideal conditions for the mollusks' growth.
A. farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean, and it provides
B. farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean for providing
C. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and providing
D. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and provides
E. farm that is sitting below the surface of the ocean and it provides

hi,

a)farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean, and it provides ==>
sitting is modifying FIRM..use of IT is ambiguous

B. farm, sitting below the surface of the ocean for providing
==>sitting is modifying FIRM

C. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and providing
non parallel structure...providing is not parallel to sits

D. farm that sits below the surface of the ocean and provides ===>correct

E. farm that is sitting below the surface of the ocean and it provides
==>use of IT is ambiguous..../// is sitting is wrong verb tense

hence D
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19 Nov 2013, 20:35
I get the parallelism in D. But a farm that "sits", I dunno.
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16 Sep 2015, 06:31
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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11 May 2016, 15:06
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make sure you understand how ", __ing" modifiers work.

I dropped the bags onto the floor, scaring the dogs.
––> i didn't scare the dogs directly; my action did. but i (the subject) am the person/thing most directly responsible for "scaring the dogs".

in other words, these modifiers should describe the whole preceding action, and be most closely attributable to the subject of that action.

so, in choice B, you're saying that a firm in scotland is actually sitting beneath the surface of the ocean, for some reason related to creating a prototype. hmm. nope.

GOOD EXPLAINATION by Ron
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11 May 2016, 23:28
In fact, not just in choice B, but also in the original sentence, this is the issue.
Re: In an attempt to produce premium oysters   [#permalink] 11 May 2016, 23:28
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