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# In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper

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06 Oct 2013, 13:50
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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition
Practice Question
Question No.: 15
Page: 120
Difficulty:

In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper rather than plastic, and thus reduce non biodegradable waste, the council of a small town plans to ban the sale of disposable plastic goods for which substitutes made of paper exist. The council argues that since most paper is entirely biodegradable, paper goods are environmentally preferable.

Which of the following, if true, indicates that the plan to ban the sale of disposable plastic goods is ill suited to the town council’s environmental goals?

(A) Although biodegradable plastic goods are now available, members of the town council believe biodegradable paper goods to be safer for the environment.
(B) The paper factory at which most of the townspeople are employed plans to increase production of biodegradable paper goods.
(C) After other towns enacted similar bans on the sale of plastic goods, the environmental benefits were not discernible for several years.
(D) Since most townspeople prefer plastic goods to paper goods in many instances, they are likely to purchase them in neighboring towns where plastic goods are available for sale.
(E) Products other than those derived from wood pulp are often used in the manufacture of paper goods that are entirely biodegradable.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by dentobizz on 21 Oct 2013, 22:22, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 01:46
IMO D

Option D clearly weakens the argument by stating that despite imposing a ban in the city, the use of plastic goods will not reduce as most people prefer using plastic goods and will purchase them neighboring towns where plastic goods are on sale.

Hope it is clear
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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2013, 03:01
Verbal experts,

It seems as rest of the options can't hold good hence, option D stands out.

But, I'd like to know the reason why D has to be correct?
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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2013, 04:09
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bagdbmba wrote:
Verbal experts,

It seems as rest of the options can't hold good hence, option D stands out.

But, I'd like to know the reason why D has to be correct?

Hello bagdbmba,
The argument here is quite straight forward.
The city plans to ban the SALE of plastic goods (for those that can be replaced with paper) in its city to make things greener.
The biggest assumption made in such scenarios is that "This plan will have the desired effect"

We are expected to pick an answer that will weaken the argument. The answer must therefore expose the weakness in the assumption.
Option D does this.
It says that "Since most townspeople prefer plastic goods to paper goods in many instances, they are likely to purchase them in neighboring towns where plastic goods are available for sale"
If it is found that people purchase plastics from other cities, the ban would essentially have no effect (dumping of plastics will continue happening irrespective of the ban) .
This is the reason why D is correct.

Hope that helps,
Regards,
Ajeeth Peo
Verbal Trainer,
Crack Verbal
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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2013, 01:59
bagdbmba wrote:
Verbal experts,

It seems as rest of the options can't hold good hence, option D stands out.

But, I'd like to know the reason why D has to be correct?

Hi bagdmba,

Regards,

Neeti.
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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2013, 07:48
Thanks Ajeeth for the clarification.

@neeti - it's clear now. Thank you for your follow-up!
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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper [#permalink]

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06 May 2015, 13:05
Thanks egmat and CrackVerbalGMAT
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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2017, 05:19
Can experts explain why not option C ?
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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2017, 10:13
1. Question asks for a reason plan won't contribute to goal. The goal concerns the environment

2.
Conclusion/Plan: ban plastic goods so people will use paper

3. Need a reason banning plastic goods and using paper goods will contribute to goal

4.
A: This is a different plan
B: This is not a reason why the plan will contribute to the environmental goal
C: Hold
D: Hold
E: This is a different plan

C vs D
D: Suggests a way for people to get around the plan and still buy plastic
C: Suggests benefits still exist, just have to wait for them

My selection: Choice D
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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2017, 10:42
santro789 wrote:
Can experts explain why not option C ?

(C) After other towns enacted similar bans on the sale of plastic goods, the environmental benefits were not discernible for several years.

C is irrelevant to the issue at hand. Basically, it goes in another direction. the fact that benefits were not seen for years doesnt mean there were no benefits. May be the benefits are unnoticeable normally. Also, it compares the situation to that of other towns, which is completely out of focus. If you selected C, you genuinely need to start fresh on your prep for critical reasoning.

Hope this helps.

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Re: In an attempt to promote the widespread use of paper   [#permalink] 09 Dec 2017, 10:42
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