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In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia

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Re: In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2019, 08:47
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ykaiim wrote:
In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia Temoscho is directing one of several clinical research projects that seek to determine the extent that psychological counseling helps to supplement the medical treatment of serious disease.

(A) seek to determine the extent that psychological counseling helps to supplement
(B) seek to determine how helpful psychological counseling is in supplementing
(C) seeks to determine how helpful psychological counseling is to supplement
(D) seeks to determine to what extent psychological counseling is a help in supplementing
(E) seeks to determine the extent that psychological counseling is helpful in supplementing


"the extent that" in choice A and E is wrong. "the extent to which" should be put into

in choice C, "counseling is helpful to suplement" is not idiomatic.
it is good to learn gmat
the subject must be fake subject for "to do" is used.
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Re: In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2019, 10:25
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If we remember the relative pronoun rule we can easily clear up the seek vs. seeks debate.

Rule: the verb that follows the relative pronoun agrees in number with the word that comes immediately before the relative pronoun.

In this case the plural projects comes right before the relative pronoun "that" therefore we need to use the plural seek, so we automatically know it is option A or B.

Option A is iffy because of the use of "the extent that" option B is clearer with meaning here so that is the best choice!
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Re: In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2019, 17:35
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One of X that verb.... Verb qualifies according to X. Here X is plural, Verb will be seek undoubtedly.
Now between A and B, here is my analysis.

(A) seek to determine the extent that psychological counseling helps to supplement
Remaining part after the extent is modifier. And sentence seems to tell that "seek to determine the extent"..... Which is ambiguous.

(B) seek to determine how helpful psychological counseling is in supplementing
Here it is clear that projects that seek to determine how helpful+ remaining part.

B is correct.
Would like to get feedback over my explanation!
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In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2020, 00:43
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In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia Temoscho is directing one of several clinical research projects that seek to determine the extent that psychological counseling helps to supplement the medical treatment of serious disease.

(A) seek to determine the extent that psychological counseling helps to supplement
(B) seek to determine how helpful psychological counseling is in supplementing
(C) seeks to determine how helpful psychological counseling is to supplement
(D) seeks to determine to what extent psychological counseling is a help in supplementing
(E) seeks to determine the extent that psychological counseling is helpful in supplementing

As pointed out earlier, SV pair here is projects-seek.

C D E out.

I want to focus a great deal on option A, explain why option A is incorrect.

Original sentence as it is

In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia Temoscho is directing one of several clinical research projects that seek to determine the extent that psychological counseling helps to supplement the medical treatment of serious disease.

I have no problem with the first that,referring back to projects.

The second that after extent, what is "that" doing there?

The word “that” primarily has four different uses in English:

a) as a demonstrative adjective
The word “that” can be used as a demonstrative adjective, that is to say, as a noun-modifier that indicates precisely which noun is meant. In this role, it always immediately precedes the noun it modifies.

I enjoyed that Netflix series.

b) as a demonstrative pronoun

The word “that” can be used as a demonstrative pronoun. Like any pronoun, in this role the word “that” stands in for a noun, and of course, the noun it represents must be a proper antecedent somewhere in the sentence.

Ex:That looks like the car I used to drive. That points to car

c) as a subordinate conjunction

The word “that” can be used as a subordinate conjunction, that is, as a word that marks the beginning of a dependent clause.

Ex: The teacher is confident that her students mastered the lesson.

d) as a relative pronoun

The word “that” can be used as a relative pronoun; in other words, as a pronoun that begins a subordinate clause and is the subject of that clause.

Ex: There is no English word that rhymes with orange.

Coming back to the original sentence, the second that is definitely not acting as a subordinate conjunction or as a relative pronoun.

Is that acting as demonstrative pronoun? is there a logical antecedent to the second that? -NO

How about that referring back to extent, as a demonstrative adjective? does not make sense. replace that with extent and see how illogical sentence becomes.

In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia Temoscho is directing one of several clinical research projects that seek to determine the extent extent that psychological counseling helps to supplement the medical treatment of serious disease.

Therefore option B.
Source Credit : https://magoosh.com/gmat/verbal/sentenc ... s-of-that/
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Re: In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2020, 04:21
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One of the .......abc that ..."verb" - the verb needs to be plural and hence only A and B remain.

Extent that is unidiomatic here . It's better to user extent to which.

Hence option B.
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Re: In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2020, 07:34
kaiserkaran wrote:
I don???t understand how option B can be the correct answer here. ???one of several clinical research projects??? means that you are talking about one i.e. singular. It should relate to seeks.

e.g: One of the letters is mine ... It will never be One of the letters are mine!!!
Even if i consider the bizarre ???One of the 'Noun' (will always be plural) + that/who + Plural Verb.??? Rule. If i apply on a example,
One of the ladies who is coming via this train... (One of the ladies who ???are??? coming ... is just odd)
One of the cars that exploded in the accident was mine. (One of the cars that exploded in the accident were mine.... odd)

Isolating and comparing the sentences ...i believe clears the picture.

In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia Temoscho is directing one of several clinical research projects that seeks to determine the extent...
In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia Temoscho is directing one of several clinical research projects that seek to determine the extent...(odd).

Kindly clear my doubt. Thanks in advance...


The problem with seek is that Dr. Lydia is not referring to only that one project which is trying to determine X. It is only ONE of the MANY PROJECTS which ARE TRYING to determine the extend..
Hope this is clear
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Re: In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2020, 23:40
Could an expert please highlight why we choose option A over option B.

Thanks!
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Re: In an effort improve the quality of patient care, Dr. Lydia   [#permalink] 22 Jun 2020, 23:40

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