GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Nov 2018, 09:49

LIVE NOW!

How to Quickly Solve GMAT Questions - Chat with ExamPAL. Join HERE!


Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • All GMAT Club Tests are Free and open on November 22nd in celebration of Thanksgiving Day!

     November 22, 2018

     November 22, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Mark your calendars - All GMAT Club Tests are free and open November 22nd to celebrate Thanksgiving Day! Access will be available from 0:01 AM to 11:59 PM, Pacific Time (USA)
  • Free lesson on number properties

     November 23, 2018

     November 23, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Practice the one most important Quant section - Integer properties, and rapidly improve your skills.

In an effort to reduce traffic congestion in downtown

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 468
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
In an effort to reduce traffic congestion in downtown  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Feb 2018, 11:25
1
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

84% (01:25) correct 16% (01:35) wrong based on 137 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

In an effort to reduce traffic congestion in downtown Whitmore during the morning rush-hour, the city's transportation commission constructed a new highway connecting Whitmore directly with its northern suburbs. But since the completion of the highway, traffic congestion in downtown Whitmore has actually increased during the morning rush-hour.

Which of the following, if true, would best explain the increase in traffic congestion?

A) More commuters to downtown Whitmore come from the southern suburbs than from the northern suburbs.
B) Because the new highway gives downtown Whitmore residents easy access to the northern suburbs, several new businesses have opened adjacent to the highway in the northern suburbs.
C) Many who live and work in the northern suburbs have begun to use the highway as a way to access downtown Whitmore's nightlife.
D) The convenience of the new highway has encouraged many commuters from the northern suburbs to drive to work in downtown Whitmore rather than take public transportation.
E) The majority of people who work in downtown Whitmore also live in downtown Whitmore.

_________________

Give Kudos for correct answer and/or if you like the solution.

Director
Director
User avatar
V
Joined: 06 Jan 2015
Posts: 516
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GPA: 3.35
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Premium Member
In an effort to reduce traffic congestion in downtown  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2018, 00:40

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



In this "Explain the Paradox" problem, it is critical to identify the specifics of the "surprising fact." What's surprising here is that traffic congestion in downtown Whitmore has actually increased during the morning rush-hour despite the construction of a new highway that might have been thought to decrease it. Answer choice D is the only choice that explains why it may have increased (as opposed to staying the same or not decreasing as much as hoped) - it's that the highway has encouraged more people to drive, so there are more vehicles on the road to add to potential congestion.

Note that the incorrect answer choices might seem relevant, but all are off because they miss the specificity in language of the "surprising fact." Choice A, for example, suggests that a better plan would have been to build a highway in the opposite direction because more congestion comes from the south than from the north. But that doesn't mean that the existing highway wouldn't have at least reduced congestion somewhat, and the surprise is that congestion increased, not that it did't decrease as much as one would have hoped.

Choice B is also a bit off due to specificity in language: the increase in congestion is in downtown Whitmore, but B talks about why there might be more congestion in the suburbs.

Choice C talks about nightlife, reasons that there might be more traffic coming into Whitmore in the evenings. But, again, the "surprising fact" is specific to the morning rush-hour, so C misses the scope.

And choice E is similar to A, showing why traffic may not have decreased much - most people live in the city and wouldn't need to use the new highway - but misses the scope of the paradox, that traffic actually increased. The correct answer is D.
_________________

आत्मनॊ मोक्षार्थम् जगद्धिताय च

Resource: GMATPrep RCs With Solution

SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1393
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: In an effort to reduce traffic congestion in downtown  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2018, 16:35
premise: to reduce traffic congestion in downtown Whitmore during the morning rush-hour, the city's transportation commission constructed a new highway connecting Whitmore directly with its northern suburbs.
conclusion: traffic conditions are not better even worsen.
What to do? : what would best explain the increase in traffic congestion?
pre-thinking: some alternate cause, new route is not good or lengthy.

A) More commuters to downtown Whitmore come from the southern suburbs than from the northern suburbs.--- it is still not explaining why using this route.
B) Because the new highway gives downtown Whitmore residents easy access to the northern suburbs, several new businesses have opened adjacent to the highway in the northern suburbs. --- new businesses are not in our scope.
C) Many who live and work in the northern suburbs have begun to use the highway as a way to access downtown Whitmore's nightlife. ---- this seems a problem present from start. new suburbs has nothing to do with it. moreover it is not able to explain th increased traffic.
D) The convenience of the new highway has encouraged many commuters from the northern suburbs to drive to work in downtown Whitmore rather than take public transportation. --- people stopped using public transportation and driving to work that to downtown whitmore. seems like the root of whole thing. an alternate cause.
E) The majority of people who work in downtown Whitmore also live in downtown Whitmore. --- explain the traffic pls.
_________________

Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

VP
VP
User avatar
V
Status: It's near - I can see.
Joined: 13 Apr 2013
Posts: 1313
Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Operations
GMAT 1: 480 Q38 V22
GPA: 3.01
WE: Engineering (Consulting)
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: In an effort to reduce traffic congestion in downtown  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Apr 2018, 21:36
sahilvijay wrote:
In an effort to reduce traffic congestion in downtown Whitmore during the morning rush-hour, the city's transportation commission constructed a new highway connecting Whitmore directly with its northern suburbs. But since the completion of the highway, traffic congestion in downtown Whitmore has actually increased during the morning rush-hour.


Which of the following, if true, would best explain the increase in traffic congestion?

A) More commuters to downtown Whitmore come from the southern suburbs than from the northern suburbs.

B) Because the new highway gives downtown Whitmore residents easy access to the northern suburbs, several new businesses have opened adjacent to the highway in the northern suburbs.

C) Many who live and work in the northern suburbs have begun to use the highway as a way to access downtown Whitmore's nightlife.

D) The convenience of the new highway has encouraged many commuters from the northern suburbs to drive to work in downtown Whitmore rather than take public transportation.

E) The majority of people who work in downtown Whitmore also live in downtown Whitmore.

B, C, and E are Irrelevant.

A and D are close. I don't find anything wrong in A also, but (D) is better than A considering scope of the passsgae.

(D)

_________________

"Do not watch clock; Do what it does. KEEP GOING."

GMAT Club Bot
Re: In an effort to reduce traffic congestion in downtown &nbs [#permalink] 22 Apr 2018, 21:36
Display posts from previous: Sort by

In an effort to reduce traffic congestion in downtown

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.