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# In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determin

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In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determin  [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2018, 23:14
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In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determine how to best motivate its employees, certain employees were sent weekly e-mails appreciating their work for two months. At the end of the two months, it was found in a survey conducted on all the employees that the ones not sent the e-mails on average reported less satisfaction from their work than the ones sent the mails. Therefore, in the long run, to keep the morale and productivity of its employees high, a company should appreciate the work of its employees on a regular basis.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A.In the long run, the employees of a company that critically evaluates the work of its employees are less motivated than those of a company that only appreciates the work of its employees.

B.Eventually, the employees of a company that engages in regular appreciation of its employees’ work will understand the intention behind the appreciation coming their way

C.There are no other ways to motivate the employees than to regularly appreciate their woRK

D.Employees whose morale is low cannot generate productive work regularlY

E.In the long run, regular appreciation of their work will not make the employees casual in their attitude towards worK

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Re: In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determin  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2018, 00:17
1
Note : Assumptions are MUST BE TRUE statemnets. When we negate an answer choice there is NO WAY the conclusion may still stand. If an answer when negated still allows the conclusion to stand even with the slightest possibilty then that is NOT AN assumption .

Quote:
In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determine how to best motivate its employees, certain employees were sent weekly e-mails appreciating their work for two months. At the end of the two months, it was found in a survey conducted on all the employees that the ones not sent the e-mails on average reported less satisfaction from their work than the ones sent the mails. Therefore, in the long run, to keep the morale and productivity of its employees high, a company should appreciate the work of its employees on a regular basis.

Understand :
- Certain employees were sent weekly emails appreciating their works
- SUrvey results : ALL employees were surveyed. The employees who weree sent emails( appreiciated their work) were more satisfied than those who were not sent emails(or not appreciated via email)
-GOAL: in the long run to keep morale and productivity high
-PLAN: company SHOULD appreciate the work of employees ON A REGULAR BASIS.
Quote:
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

Think :
1) The author is basing his conclusion on a two month study . Notice that the survey does NOT take into account the "brfore the appreciation satisfication levels " of the employees. It is possible that the employees who were sent emails were ALREADY VERY SATISFIED. Also it is possible that even when the emails are sent the employees who are by nature "unsatisfied" witn their work may not notice an increment in their satisfaction.
Assumption 1 : The PRE study level of satisfaction was not significantly varied .

2) Now focus on the conclusion : the conclusion says "in the long run" to KEEP (maintain) the high morale and high productivity , appreciation should be given REGULARLY. Now you have to use a general behaviourial pattern (This is isnt out of scope of GMAT. /This is basically CRITICAL THINKING) . The author says appreicate REGULARLY and in the long run youll maintain bla bla.. WHat if in the long run ( 6 months or year) , the regular appeciation actually disincentivizes ( makes the lazy/ casual/ not serious about work) the employees?? This is possible. When you get something everyday or on a regualr basis you stop valueing that. When you get something once a year or very rarely or when you immensly worked for something an then you get rewarded you value that right?? Take an example of a person who scored a 740+ on GMAT. Aren't you awe-inspired?? if that were common wld you even care for that score?? no right?? Additionally, the comapny is suggesting this plan (which is based on a 2 MONTH STUDY) for a long term. On the long run there actually may be a reversal of the expectations.
Assumption 2 : In the long run, the plan will not make employees less productive.
Quote:
A.In the long run, the employees of a company that critically evaluates the work of its employees are less motivated than those of a company that only appreciates the work of its employees
.
- this option compares 2 companies which practice 2 different ethics . Irrelevant
Negate : .In the long run, the employees of a company that critically evaluates the work of its employees are equally or more motivated than those of a company that only appreciates the work of its employees.
SO?? I'm concerned about increasing my comapny's productivity . If i implement this plan my company's productivity may still increase. Comapring my company with someone else is not going to get me anywhere. My plan may still work. Ultimate goal :high productivity.
Quote:
B.Eventually, the employees of a company that engages in regular appreciation of its employees’ work will understand the intention behind the appreciation coming their way

-WEAKENS : If the emps know the intention of the company and understand that this is just fake then they may act opposite.
Quote:
C.There are no other ways to motivate the employees than to regularly appreciate their woRK

- Please read the note above . Even if there are other ways , the plan suggested may still do its job . The conclusion is not that THIS IS THE ONLY way , the conclusion is that this is the way . We have to evaluate this plan. Sure there may be other plans, but if this plan does its job then the conclusion still holds. Possible place you faltered is : "company to determine how to best motivate its employees, " .Please note that this is NOT the conclusion.The argument says "in an experiment to determine the best... " but the argument does not say that this is the best. The comapny just stopped evaluating other plans when it found that this plan works.
Quote:
D.Employees whose morale is low cannot generate productive work regularlY

-WEAKENS : SO this is basically saying that you do whatere you want to , these ppl are going to be less productove.
Quote:
E.In the long run, regular appreciation of their work will not make the employees casual in their attitude towards work

- ASSUMPTION 2 . Please not that "casual " may seem out of scope but it is just a reword to state the main assumption.
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Re: In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determin  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2018, 11:17
Cbirole wrote:
In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determine how to best motivate its employees, certain employees were sent weekly e-mails appreciating their work for two months. At the end of the two months, it was found in a survey conducted on all the employees that the ones not sent the e-mails on average reported less satisfaction from their work than the ones sent the mails. Therefore, in the long run, to keep the morale and productivity of its employees high, a company should appreciate the work of its employees on a regular basis.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A.In the long run, the employees of a company that critically evaluates the work of its employees are less motivated than those of a company that only appreciates the work of its employees.

B.Eventually, the employees of a company that engages in regular appreciation of its employees’ work will understand the intention behind the appreciation coming their way

C.There are no other ways to motivate the employees than to regularly appreciate their woRK

D.Employees whose morale is low cannot generate productive work regularlY

E.In the long run, regular appreciation of their work will not make the employees casual in their attitude towards worK

Here the main contention is between D & E.

D states cause and effect relation (low morale cannot generate productive work). However, the passage metions no such relationship.

Hence, E.
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Re: In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determin  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2018, 05:29
Quote:
In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determine how to best motivate its employees, certain employees were sent weekly e-mails appreciating their work for two months. At the end of the two months, it was found in a survey conducted on all the employees that the ones not sent the e-mails on average reported less satisfaction from their work than the ones sent the mails. Therefore, in the long run, to keep the morale and productivity of its employees high, a company should appreciate the work of its employees on a regular basis.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A.In the long run, the employees of a company that critically evaluates the work of its employees are less motivated than those of a company that only appreciates the work of its employees.

B.Eventually, the employees of a company that engages in regular appreciation of its employees’ work will understand the intention behind the appreciation coming their way

C.There are no other ways to motivate the employees than to regularly appreciate their woRK

D.Employees whose morale is low cannot generate productive work regularlY

E.In the long run, regular appreciation of their work will not make the employees casual in their attitude towards worK

With Any CR Assumption question, the most important thing to focus on is the overall conclusion arrived at. In this case, it is that companies should send out positive reinforcement regularly in order to keep motivation and productivity high. In addition, it is necessary for this assumption to be true for the argument to be true. This means that if the statement were to be false, it would invalidate the argument altogether.

A - This option is related to the conclusion as it speaks about motivation. However, one of the parameters mentioned is only positive reinforcement, which doesn't match the actual premises that we have. Hence, we can eliminate A.

B - Unrelated, and even if true, would probably weaken the argument as a whole

C - Whether there are other ways or not irrelevant. We are looking at whether this way is relevant.

D - This is a bit of a trap. It may be true that if morale is low, so is productivity. However, the conclusion is about whether positive reinforcement impacts both morale and productivity, not about the relation between the two.

E - The data included says it works in the short term. The assumption being added here is that it works in the long term as well. It is necessary for this to be true for the argument to hold, so it works.

Two quick questions you should ask yourself with an assumption question:
1. Is it true?
2. Is it relevant to the conclusion?
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Re: In an experiment undertaken by the management of a company to determin   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2018, 05:29
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