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In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of

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In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2018, 04:06
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In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.


A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons

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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2018, 04:20
+1 for B.

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons --> Correct

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons --> Blah, Run on

Hence, B.
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2018, 04:45
A/D/C- wrong as plural 'are' required plural subject reasons so eliminated.
Now between B and E
Option b is wrong as it uses wrong modifier to modify bounds, which is err.
So IMO E.

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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2018, 06:01
Bunuel wrote:
In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.


A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons

In my opinion the answer is "B"

A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning
-------
Subject-verb agreement error. Beating of bounds -Singular, Were - plural. {Incorrect}

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons
------
Error in A is corrected. Meant to protect an area correctly modifies Beating of bounds. No other error introduced {Correct}

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is
----------
Reasoning is {Incorrect}

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale
----------
Same error as in A {Incorrect}

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons
----------
Means is not correct {Incorrect}
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2018, 06:13
In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.


A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning --> need singular verb "is" for "the Beating" & need plural subject "reasons" for plural verb are

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons --> correct

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is --> 2 verbs: is & are

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale --> need singular verb "is" for "the Beating"

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons --> two verbs "was a series" & "means" without any conjunction
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In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2018, 04:55
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navjot177 wrote:
Is bounds singular or plural?


Hi Bounds is plural but here it is not the subject. The subject in this sentence is "beating " which is singular so we have to use singular noun.
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2018, 05:21
The non underlined ending of the sentence "behind those thrashes are still vague" is a vital clue. The "are" signals plural subject for the clause.

We can eliminate A, C & D.

The "means" in E, makes it a run on sentence.

B is ok.

Answer B.


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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2018, 06:22
Quote:
n ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning behind those thrashes are still vague.


A. Bounds were a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning

B. Bounds, meant to protect an area from evil spirits, was performed by a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township although the reasons

C. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasoning is

D. Bounds, a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township, were meant to protect the area from evil spirits although the rationale

E. Bounds was a series of ritualistic thrashes with a hazel or birch branch on the limits of a village or township means to protect the area from evil spirits although the reasons


Approach -

1) Eliminate A -- were(plural) with beating(singular) is incorrect.
2) Eliminate C -- reasoning is makes the sentence ungrammatical
3) Eliminate E -- means(present tense) is incorrect.
4) Eliminate D -- were(plural) with beating(singular) is incorrect
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Re: In ancient Celtic Europe, the Beating of the Bounds were a series of &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jul 2018, 06:22
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