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In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative

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In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2005, 06:36
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In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
B. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
C. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2012, 17:57
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I have chosen B as the answer:

A. This answer choice breaks the parallelism requirement. Also, what is the purpose of "when" as a relative pronoun here? It doesn't seem to refer to any time or date.

The answer should be along the lines of:

energy was expended on:
-the creation
-the construction
-the decoration

B. This sentence clearly describes the 3 elements that artisan's spend energy on.

C. Again, this answer choice breaks the parallelism requirement. The word "constructing" is wrong here.

D. We want 3 elements that describe what the artisan's spent their energy on. In this case, it splits the "image creation" from the other 2 elements: "constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them." Also, I noticed that after the comma and coordinating conjunction, and, the words do not form an independent clause. This is incorrect because 2 independent clauses should sandwich a comma and a coordinating conjunction. As a result, this sentence is also a fragment.

E. Although I could not find any grammatical errors with this one, the meaning was very confusing. It sounds like "the creation...accounted for...creative energy...as well as construction and decoration." This did not make sense to me at all, so I felt this answer was incorrect.
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 13:42
Correct answer would be B. Parallelism
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Re: Ancient Thailand [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2012, 08:11
mikemcgarry wrote:
Hi, there! I'm happy to help with this.

Original sentence: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

First of all, notice the idiom with the verb "to expend." When I expend my energies, with the intended result of giving my energy to X, we say that "I expend my energies on X", not "I expend my energies for X." That eliminates answer choice A.

Notice also, what the original sentence is trying to do is construct a valid parallel structure. The "local artisan's creative energy" went to two places: (a) "creation of Buddha images", and (b) the work they did constructing & decorating temples. The correct sentence should have a valid parallel structure between those two elements. This is another flaw of answer (A) --- "the creation" vs. "they constructed and decorated". Not parallel.

Answer (C) repeats that problem: "the creation" vs. "constructing and decorating". Not parallel.

Answer (E) repeats that problem: "the creating" vs. "construction and decoration". Not parallel.

That narrows the choice down to (B) vs. (D).

Notice that (D) is very wordy; it has an indirect inactive structure (from "artisans expended energy on X", active, to "X accounted for artisans energy", passive and weak).

(B) gets the idiom ("expended on") correct; it gets the parallel structure correct; and it's a direct & active formulation of the information. Yeah! This is our best choice.

Does that made sense? Please let me know if you have any questions.

Mike

Mike,
Can you explain Choice E ? I thought' for much of'and 'construction and decoration of' are parallel. ..
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Re: Ancient Thailand [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2012, 11:28
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farukqmul wrote:
Mike,
Can you explain Choice E ? I thought 'for much of' and 'construction and decoration of' are parallel. ..

Here's the original prompt with choice (E)
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

Let's plug in choice (E) and look at the sentence:
In ancient Thailand, the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them
Superficially, the terms "creative energy" and "construction and decoration" are all nouns, so they could be grammatically parallel. The problem is: they are not logically parallel.

Consider the overall structure:

X accounted for Y as well as Z

means

X accounted for Y
and, separately, X accounted for Z

Consider that here:
the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy
and, separately,
the creating of Buddha images accounted for the construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

That's not the meaning the original sentence is trying to express. What is it trying to say is that ----
the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy
and, separately,
the construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy

We are trying to create a parallelism between the three types of work, each of which occupied the creative energy of the artisans. Those three types of work were
(a) the creating of Buddha images
(b) the construction of the temples
(c) the decoration of the temples

Logically, those three need to be in parallel, and they are not in (E). It's not enough to have superficial grammatical parallelism if that parallelism does not reflect the deeper logic of the situation. Grammar and logic must always point to the same conclusions.

You may find this blog germane:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... n-english/

Does all this make sense? Please let me know if you have any more questions.

Mike
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Re: Ancient Thailand [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 02:55
mikemcgarry wrote:
farukqmul wrote:
Mike,
Can you explain Choice E ? I thought 'for much of' and 'construction and decoration of' are parallel. ..

Here's the original prompt with choice (E)
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

Let's plug in choice (E) and look at the sentence:
In ancient Thailand, the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them
Superficially, the terms "creative energy" and "construction and decoration" are all nouns, so they could be grammatically parallel. The problem is: they are not logically parallel.

Consider the overall structure:

X accounted for Y as well as Z

means

X accounted for Y
and, separately, X accounted for Z

Consider that here:
the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy
and, separately,
the creating of Buddha images accounted for the construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

That's not the meaning the original sentence is trying to express. What is it trying to say is that ----
the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy
and, separately,
the construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy

We are trying to create a parallelism between the three types of work, each of which occupied the creative energy of the artisans. Those three types of work were
(a) the creating of Buddha images
(b) the construction of the temples
(c) the decoration of the temples

Logically, those three need to be in parallel, and they are not in (E). It's not enough to have superficial grammatical parallelism if that parallelism does not reflect the deeper logic of the situation. Grammar and logic must always point to the same conclusions.

You may find this blog germane:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... n-english/

Does all this make sense? Please let me know if you have any more questions.

Mike

Thanks a lot for this great explanation Mike ...
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In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2013, 02:19
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A) much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
(B) much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
(C) much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
(D) creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
(E) the creation of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them
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Re: need to clarify!! [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2013, 02:25
Pronoun "them" is ambigous in E.
"in which" refers to temple.

From one of grammar learning website:- "You can use “in which” as a precise way to introduce a relative clause after a noun that refers to a place or to a time."

Please give a kudo if you like my reply.
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2013, 13:07
B is the correct answer.
IMO C is not parallel.
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2013, 22:44
skamal7 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative
energy was expended for the creation of Buddha
images and when they constructed and decorated the
temples that enshrined them
.
A) much of the local artisans’ creative energy was
expended for the creation of Buddha images and
when they constructed and decorated the
temples that enshrined them
(B) much of the local artisans’ creative energy was
expended on the creation of Buddha images and
on construction and decoration of the temples in
which they were enshrined
(C) much of the local artisans’ creative energy was
expended on the creation of Buddha images as
well as constructing and decoration of the
temples in which they were enshrined
(D) creating images of Buddha accounted for much
of the local artisans’ creative energy, and also
constructing and decorating the temples
enshrining them
(E) the creation of Buddha images accounted for
much of the local artisans’ creative energy as
well as construction and decoration of the
temples that enshrined them

Please make me clarify
1. what's wrong with E
2.In C which refers to what

How can option C be right? "expended on...." and "constructing and decorating..." are not parallel. I believe, option B is correct. Moreover, option B uses "and" instead of "as well as", which makes it concise.
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2013, 23:46
OA should be B. Please recheck.

E should be constructing and decorating.
C is wrong for the same reason.

B does not use "as well as" , the conjunction "and" perfectly joins two parallel clauses.

http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/usage/as-well-as.htm
http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/usage ... rammar.htm

Note the difference between the following structures.

She sings as well as writing plays. (= She not only sings but also writes plays.)
She sings as well as she writes plays. (= Her writing is as good as her singing.)
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2013, 02:37
rishi2377 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
B. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
C. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

what does 'them' refer to. To me 'them' here can refer both 'Buddha images' and 'local artisans’ . OA to follow.

I agree that B is the best answer. I was trying to analyze D. D is not a run-on sentence. Maybe there is a pronoun ambiguity at the end of the sentence.
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2013, 09:59
IMO, in any of the choices, the pronoun- they or them - doesn’t constitute a critical issue, since after all, one can only enshrine images and not artisans. But in D the problem is more serious. Not only the non-use of the preposition ‘for’ misses the required //ism, but also the meaning gets totally changed; D amounts to saying that creating images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative energy and the same creating images accounted for constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them. It is indeed a fragment, not a run-on, since in the second part, the compound subject, -- constructing and decorating (both gerunds) is lacking a verb.
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative [#permalink]

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07 May 2013, 22:08
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please read and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated [#permalink]

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29 May 2013, 21:27
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the
creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that
enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of
Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that
enshrined them

B. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they
were enshrined

C. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which
they were enshrined

D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them

E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

can someone help me in explain what "that" refers in option E and what 'which" refers to in option B
and please explain why you eliminate each options!
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Last edited by Zarrolou on 30 May 2013, 01:13, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated [#permalink]

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29 May 2013, 22:17
skamal7 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the
creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that
enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of
Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that
enshrined them

B. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they
were enshrined

C. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which
they were enshrined

D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them

E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

can someone help me in explain what "that" refers in option E and what 'which" refers to in option B
and please explain why you eliminate each options!

A----- much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of
Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that
enshrined them-------------parallelism not followed while considering creation.... (decorated/ constructed is not the correct parallelism here)

B---much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they
were enshrined -------Parallelism followed correct choice

C---much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which
they were enshrined ---incorrect for the same reason

D---creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them --- PARALLEL BUT NOT PROPERLY CONSTRUCTED, passive voice is not given a priority in gmat!

E---the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them ---incorrect because of passive voice and unparallel structure!

IMO B
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Re: Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated [#permalink]

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29 May 2013, 22:26
In my IMO ,I dont belive in the logic that passive voices are not preferred in GMAT .As i have seen many answer choices which uses passive voice as right answer!!

The word " enshrining them" in oprion D ,does that makes sense? Use of +ing form modfies temples only where the intended meaning of the sentence modifies the whole phrase..Is that an error in option D?
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Re: Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated [#permalink]

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29 May 2013, 22:48
1
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skamal7 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the
creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that
enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of
Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that
enshrined them

B. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they
were enshrined

C. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which
they were enshrined

D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them

E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

can someone help me in explain what "that" refers in option E and what 'which" refers to in option B
and please explain why you eliminate each options!

This is a relatively easy one. Look for a parallelism error. The parallelism should be between 'creation' and 'construction'. Only B satisfies the criteria.
The 'that' in E is trying to describe something which is not necessary. In other words, even if i finish the sentence with 'they constructed the temples.' it would suffice..On the other hand the 'which' in B is properly used as whatever follows 'which' is not essential.
Remember, 'that' is used for essential clauses. 'Which' is for non-essential clauses.
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Re: Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated [#permalink]

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29 May 2013, 23:12
1
KUDOS
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the
creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that
enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of
Buddha images
and when they constructed and decorated the temples that
enshrined them
Parallelism error
"expended on" is right idiom
"that .." modifies temples and " they" and" them" also has reference problem bcz they must refers to artisans however, artisans are in possessive form. pronouns should refer to NOUNs.

B. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images
and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they
were enshrined - correct choice
"in which" clearly refers to temples and "they" refers to "Buddha images" the sentence implies that temples that Buddha images were enshrined.
llism error rectified

C. much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of
Buddha images
as well as constructing and decoration of the templesin which
they were enshrined
again llism error.

D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy
, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
distort meaning bcz using "accounted for"
"temples enshrining them" enshrining is ing-verb modifier w/o (,) therefore modifies the preceding noun "temples"

E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans’ creative
energy
as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them
llism error.
distort meaning bcz using "accounted for"

hope it helps
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Re: Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated [#permalink]

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29 May 2013, 23:42
Here which is not preceded by a comma!!!
so it will be considered as an essential modifier right?Can someone shed light on this?
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Re: Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated [#permalink]

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30 May 2013, 00:20
there is no hard-and-fast rule that 'which' needs to preceded by comma, even though in most cases you will find which is precedded by comma.
----
there are few erros in this question stem.

1.) when-- there is no reference of time. creation is noun and looking for anohter noun to be in parallel. between which and that...that is used where we are talking about some essential qualities... except 'b' no other opitons take care of these issues..hence b
Re: Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated   [#permalink] 30 May 2013, 00:20

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