Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 28 May 2017, 00:21

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1713
Location: Dhaka
Followers: 8

Kudos [?]: 376 [4] , given: 0

In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Nov 2005, 06:36
4
KUDOS
27
This post was
BOOKMARKED
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
B. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
C. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them
Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 578
Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 101

Kudos [?]: 580 [0], given: 80

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Jul 2013, 13:48
"they" is "Buddha images", as should be clear from context.
two things:
* "local artisans" is technically not a possible antecedent for this pronoun, since it's possessive. (you technically can't use a non-possessive pronoun to refer to a possessive noun. the reverse is NOT true - you can totally use possessive pronouns to refer to non-possessive nouns.)
* even if this pronoun were technically ambiguous, that's not a reason to eliminate it. see here: post35595.html#p35595

by the way, it's weird that you would ask this question about (b) in particular - because exactly the same pronoun is used in exactly the same context in your other choice, (c). did you notice that?
_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 578
Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 101

Kudos [?]: 580 [0], given: 80

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2013, 22:24
mikemcgarry wrote:
Hi, there! I'm happy to help with this.

Original sentence: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

First of all, notice the idiom with the verb "to expend." When I expend my energies, with the intended result of giving my energy to X, we say that "I expend my energies on X", not "I expend my energies for X." That eliminates answer choice A.

Notice also, what the original sentence is trying to do is construct a valid parallel structure. The "local artisan's creative energy" went to two places: (a) "creation of Buddha images", and (b) the work they did constructing & decorating temples. The correct sentence should have a valid parallel structure between those two elements. This is another flaw of answer (A) --- "the creation" vs. "they constructed and decorated". Not parallel.

Answer (C) repeats that problem: "the creation" vs. "constructing and decorating". Not parallel.

Answer (E) repeats that problem: "the creating" vs. "construction and decoration". Not parallel.

That narrows the choice down to (B) vs. (D).

Notice that (D) is very wordy; it has an indirect inactive structure (from "artisans expended energy on X", active, to "X accounted for artisans energy", passive and weak).

(B) gets the idiom ("expended on") correct; it gets the parallel structure correct; and it's a direct & active formulation of the information. Yeah! This is our best choice.

Does that made sense? Please let me know if you have any questions.

Mike

hey Mike,,

Can we eliminate A on the ground of "when" ?
D and E for the verb-ING modifier at the beginning which has no subject and then choose between B and C?

i also did not understand the ll structure that you have refered ..Could you please explain that again
_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 646
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 38

Kudos [?]: 243 [0], given: 10

### Show Tags

26 Jul 2013, 03:14
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
D and E for the verb-ING modifier at the beginning which has no subject and then choose between B and C?

Actually the way "verb-ING modifier" is used in D and E, it is a "gerund" (a Noun form) and so, this itself is a subject (and hence does not require any subject). For example:

Swimming is my hobby.

Here the "verb-ING modifier" swimming is a "gerund", a Noun form, and as is evident, it is also the subject.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4042
Followers: 1420

Kudos [?]: 6793 [0], given: 84

### Show Tags

26 Jul 2013, 13:55
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
hey Mike,

Can we eliminate A on the ground of "when" ?
D and E for the verb-ING modifier at the beginning which has no subject and then choose between B and C?
i also did not understand the ll structure that you have referred ..Could you please explain that again

Dear WaterFlowsUp,

Question #1: yes, choice (A) is a trainwreck on a number of grounds. The "when" clause is a blatant violation of parallelism, so that's just as good a reason to reject it as is the idiom mistake.

Questions #2: the "-ing" form of a verb has three potential roles
(a) part of a present progressive verb
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-verbs ... ive-tense/
(b) a participle (i.e. a modifier)
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/participle ... -the-gmat/
(c) a gerund (which acts as a noun)
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... d-phrases/
In choice (D) the word "creating" is a gerund, and in fact, the gerund phrase "creating images of Buddha" is the subject of the verb "accounted".
This post discusses distinguishing these three easy-to-confuse grammatical constructions:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/the-ing-form-of-a-verb/

Questions #3: because the parallelism is faulty in many of the incorrect choices, I will diagram the parallelism in choice (B), the OA. First, here's the whole sentence:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
Now, an attempt at a clear diagram ----
(main clause of sentence:) In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended
(first branch of parallelism:) on the creation of Buddha images
(conjunction linking the two parallel branches:) and
(second branch of the parallelism:) on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined

Both branches of the parallelism begin with the preposition "on", and the words in dark green are the parallel words. Notice, all three here are "-tion" nouns, whereas in incorrect answer choices, some are "-tion" noun while others are gerunds or phrases.

Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 578
Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 101

Kudos [?]: 580 [0], given: 80

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jul 2013, 00:18
thanks MIke, i usually follow a lot of your posts, especially og solutions...
_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 578
Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 101

Kudos [?]: 580 [0], given: 80

### Show Tags

27 Jul 2013, 01:05
mikemcgarry wrote:
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
hey Mike,

Can we eliminate A on the ground of "when" ?
D and E for the verb-ING modifier at the beginning which has no subject and then choose between B and C?
i also did not understand the ll structure that you have referred ..Could you please explain that again

Dear WaterFlowsUp,

Question #1: yes, choice (A) is a trainwreck on a number of grounds. The "when" clause is a blatant violation of parallelism, so that's just as good a reason to reject it as is the idiom mistake.

Questions #2: the "-ing" form of a verb has three potential roles
(a) part of a present progressive verb
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-verbs ... ive-tense/
(b) a participle (i.e. a modifier)
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/participle-phrases

-on-the-gmat/
(c) a gerund (which acts as a noun)
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... d-phrases/
In choice (D) the word "creating" is a gerund, and in fact, the gerund phrase "creating images of Buddha" is the subject of the verb "accounted".
This post discusses distinguishing these three easy-to-confuse grammatical constructions:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/the-ing-form-of-a-verb/

Questions #3: because the parallelism is faulty in many of the incorrect choices, I will diagram the parallelism in choice (B), the OA. First, here's the whole sentence:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
Now, an attempt at a clear diagram ----
(main clause of sentence:) In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended
(first branch of parallelism:) on the creation of Buddha images
(conjunction linking the two parallel branches:) and
(second branch of the parallelism:) on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined

Both branches of the parallelism begin with the preposition "on", and the words in dark green are the parallel words. Notice, all three here are "-tion" nouns, whereas in incorrect answer choices, some are "-tion" noun while others are gerunds or phrases.

Mike

mike, i am not sure but i assume D is grammatically correct and conveys the correct meaning? correct me if i am mistaken
_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Manager
Joined: 01 Jan 2013
Posts: 64
Location: India
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 131

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Mar 2014, 01:32
nakib77 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
B. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
C. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

I would like to know that in option D creating illogically modifies Thailand implying thailand is creating images of buddha?
and also constructing and decorating does the same thing?

Thanks
Abid.
Manager
Status: GMAT Instructor
Joined: 23 Jun 2013
Posts: 181
Location: India
GRE 1: 2280 Q790 V710
GPA: 3.3
WE: Editorial and Writing (Education)
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 4

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Mar 2014, 09:02
No, in D, the fragment of the sentence before the comma just provides the context ("where" things happened).
Without the comma, you could argue that creating is modifying Thailand. The comma provides the needed separation.
"Constructing" and "decorating" also do not modify "Thailand."

D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
_________________

EnterMBA

Intern
Joined: 17 Mar 2014
Posts: 5
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Mar 2014, 17:19
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them- EXPENEDED ON IS CORRECT IDIOM, NOT PARALLEL
B. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined CORRECT- CREATION, CONSTRUCTION, DECORATION- PARALLEL
C. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined NOT PARALLEL
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them COMPLEX
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them NOT PARALLEL
Intern
Joined: 17 May 2012
Posts: 47
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 126

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Sep 2014, 02:37
Although I got this answer correct, but this no way looks like an easy question to be marked a low on difficulty.
Manager
Joined: 30 May 2012
Posts: 112
Location: United States (TX)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.3
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 55 [0], given: 93

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Sep 2014, 02:51
It depends. Easy for someone who knows POE and parallelism.
Intern
Joined: 07 Dec 2014
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 1

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Feb 2015, 03:34
Hi everybody,

I am struggling with the correct answer choice B, which I mistakenly crossed off when doing this problem. From MGMAT SC, I learned that you must not put simple gerunds (construction and decoration) and complex gerunds (THE creation) into a parallel construction? Has anybody an explanation?

Thanks!
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4042
Followers: 1420

Kudos [?]: 6793 [1] , given: 84

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Feb 2015, 11:43
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
nanasgis wrote:
Hi everybody,

I am struggling with the correct answer choice B, which I mistakenly crossed off when doing this problem. From MGMAT SC, I learned that you must not put simple gerunds (construction and decoration) and complex gerunds (THE creation) into a parallel construction? Has anybody an explanation?

Thanks!

Dear nanasgis,
I'm happy to respond. With all due respect, my friend, I think you are misunderstanding what a gerund is. A gerund, very specifically, is a verb form, the "-ing" form of a verb. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... d-phrases/
creating
constructing
decorating

Those are gerunds. What MGMAT says about these is perfectly true --- with an article (a, an, the), one becomes a "complex gerund" which could be in parallel with an ordinary noun. Furthermore, we wouldn't put a simple gerund in parallel with a complex gerund. That't the rule for gerunds.

You seem to be confusing all action nouns with gerunds. Anything that ends with "-tion" is a noun. Nouns and gerunds are mutually exclusive. A gerund is a verb-form that is taking the role of a noun, but it is very different from a bonafide noun. Many "-tion" nouns are action words, but those are all nouns: they are NOT gerunds.
creation
construction
decoration

Those are nouns, not gerunds. The rules for gerunds (simple vs. complex) are 100% irrelevant to nouns. We are perfectly able to put any noun in parallel with any other noun. The logic & meaning would provide constraints to what would make a legitimate parallel structure, but the presence or absence of articles doesn't matter in the least. Option (B) does not contain a single gerund, so any rules governing different types of gerunds is 100% irrelevant to option (B).

Does all this make sense, my friend?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Chat Moderator
Joined: 19 Apr 2013
Posts: 701
Concentration: Strategy, Healthcare
Schools: Sloan '18 (A)
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V41
GPA: 4
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 167 [0], given: 537

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Feb 2015, 12:10
Easy one. Creation is not gerund.
_________________

If my post was helpful, press Kudos. If not, then just press Kudos !!!

Intern
Joined: 07 Dec 2014
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 1

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Feb 2015, 12:40
Oops! :D Of course... Haha, obviously this was not the brightest moment I had so far. :D Anyway, thank you! This explains a lot.
Chat Moderator
Joined: 19 Apr 2013
Posts: 701
Concentration: Strategy, Healthcare
Schools: Sloan '18 (A)
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V41
GPA: 4
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 167 [0], given: 537

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Mar 2015, 02:24
In A, 'when' disrupts the parallelism. D and E straight awkward.
_________________

If my post was helpful, press Kudos. If not, then just press Kudos !!!

Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2014
Posts: 166
Location: United States
GPA: 3.97
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 72

In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Mar 2016, 10:57
This is the correct version of this sentence (from OG):

In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
B. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
C. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
E. the creation of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

the last choice is creation, not creating (in the online OG question bank)

It seems the online OG question bank has this version, as I checked other forums and people have posted creating in answer choice E.
_________________

KUDOS!!!, I need them too

Director
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 751
Location: United States
Concentration: General Management, Technology
Schools: IIMA , IIMB, ISB
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 316 [0], given: 103

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 May 2016, 10:22
nakib77 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
B. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
C. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
http://gmatclub.com/forum/information-on-new-gmat-esr-report-beta-221111.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/list-of-one-year-full-time-mba-programs-222103.html

Math Forum Moderator
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 2690
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
Followers: 111

Kudos [?]: 861 [0], given: 324

Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 May 2016, 11:12
nakib77 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
B. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
C. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

IMHO (B) (With the OA) for the reasons highlighted above...
_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Manager
Joined: 24 May 2016
Posts: 170
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 99 [0], given: 33

In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jun 2016, 03:06
Note, however, that option B is not perfectly parallel. It lacks a "the" between "on" and "construction and decoration". Hence, there could have been even a better option.

B) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined.

Could someone please explain the reason/s why I should discard option D?

Thank you.
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2016, 03:06

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8    Next  [ 148 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
3 Local artisans in insular communities is helped 2 24 Apr 2016, 01:57
1 AMD employees used their creativity 2 19 Jul 2015, 00:00
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative 0 23 Feb 2013, 23:46
2 A local association of artisans and craftsmen has organized 8 29 Sep 2016, 06:41
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans creative 0 01 Mar 2013, 09:59
Display posts from previous: Sort by