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# In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e

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In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2005, 05:36
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In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

(A) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them

(B) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined

(C) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined

(D) creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them

(E) the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

Last edited by hazelnut on 19 Oct 2017, 06:34, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2016, 12:50
EBITDA wrote:
Note, however, that option B is not perfectly parallel. It lacks a "the" between "on" and "construction and decoration". Hence, there could have been even a better option.

B) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined.

Could someone please explain the reason/s why I should discard option D?

Thank you.

2 reasons:

1. "And" and "also" are redundant.
2. "constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them" is a subject without any verb.

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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2016, 11:55
SPLI1) PARALLELISM: "EXPENDED ON" VS "EXPENDED FOR" THE CORRECT PARALLELISM IS "EXPENDED ON". A IS OUT.

SPLIT2) PARALLELISM + WORD: "EXPENDED ON CREATION…AND ON CONSTRUCTION AND DECORATION" IS THE CORRECT PARALLELISM, SEE THE WORDS ARE IN PARALLEL = CREATION + CONSTRUCTION + DECORATION. A, C.D, AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT3) ABOUT THE WORD "THEY" IN OPTION B. I AM ALSO NOT CLEAR ON HOW "THEY" REFERS BACK TO IMAGES. BUT AFTER READING SOME COMMENTS ON THIS, I THINK THAT "THEY" IS CORRECT BECAUSE LOGICALLY IMAGES GET ENSHRINED. ALSO, B IS NOT IDEAL BUT AMONG THE OPTIONS GIVEN, IS THE BEST OPTION.

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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2016, 05:06
sayantanc2k wrote:
EBITDA wrote:
Note, however, that option B is not perfectly parallel. It lacks a "the" between "on" and "construction and decoration". Hence, there could have been even a better option.

B) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined.

Could someone please explain the reason/s why I should discard option D?

Thank you.

2 reasons:

1. "And" and "also" are redundant.
2. "constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them" is a subject without any verb.

Can you please explain the use of 'in which' in the sentence?

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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2016, 09:45
metaphola wrote:
EBITDA wrote:
B) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined.

Can you please explain the use of 'in which' in the sentence?

Dear metaphola,

I'm happy to respond.

With all due respect, my friend, you have asked an unclear question. From your question, I have absolutely no idea of what kind of help you need.

I will say that "which" is a relative pronoun, and the job of a relative pronoun is to open a kind of subordinate clause known as a relative clause. A relative pronoun always plays a grammatical role in its relative clause, and may be the subject of the clause, the direct object, or the object of a preposition, as it is here.

That's the high level overview explanation. I don't know whether you know all this already and need explanation of something else, or whether you need more detailed explanation of this.

It's perfectly fine if there are topics in grammar that you don't understand, and it's perfectly fine that you ask experts on GMAT Club about what you don't understand. We experts love to answer questions and explain things to folks who want to know! The problem, though, is that an ambiguous or unclear question, a super-brief question lacking in all details, is a poor question. It's a question that probably didn't take you a lot of effort to write, and it gives me almost no information about what you need. It's a question that doesn't do its basic job. You see, one of the habits of excellence is the habit of asking excellent questions. See this blog:
I'm going to challenge you to write an excellent question: tell me exactly what you do understand, exactly what confuses you, what you think the structure means in that sentence, what you don't understand about its use, etc. Give me as much detail as possible. That would be an excellent question. One advantage of writing such a question is that it makes it much easier for me or another expert to give you the specific help that you need. Something that many students fail to appreciate, though, is that when you are reflecting on your own understanding and putting all this into words, you actually are establishing important connections in your brain, and all the effort you put into writing an excellent question actually primes your brain for deeper learning. You ask an excellent question, not primarily for my benefit, but for your benefit.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2016, 19:50
In the correct answer (B), how is the antecedent of "they" artisan's? Artisan's is acting as an adverbial modifier for "Creative Energy." How is this correct?

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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2017, 00:16
"They" should have only one antecedent. Correct answer is B.

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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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06 May 2017, 03:58
nakib77 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
B. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
C. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

B it was for me too... due to the parallel construction expended on the creation ..... and on construction and decoration...

but I got struck by another entry point which left me in dilemma.. "in which they were enshrined".. isn't "they" ambiguous here?? Buddha images or artisans???

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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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19 May 2017, 08:03
nakib77 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

A. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them
B. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
C. much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined
D. creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them
E. the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

A "Expended for" is not idiomatic.
B Correct.
C "Constructing and decorating" are not parallel with "creation."
D The independent clause after "and also" is a fragment. "And also" is redundant.
E The second half of the sentence after "as well as" is a fragment because the first sentence is a self-contained unit: "the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy." But here it illogically implies that the "construction and decoration" does not "account for much of the local artisans' energy."

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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2017, 01:59
Hi mikemcgarry GMATNinja / Experts

Can you help me with below query:
Why do we need two ANDs in OA- B. Does below sentence make sense:
In ancient Thailand,
much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended
on the creation of Buddha images ,
on construction and
decoration of the temples in
which they were enshrined
OR
In ancient Thailand,
much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended
on the creation of Buddha images ,
construction and
decoration of the temples in
which they were enshrined
let me know if replacing AND coma makes more sense since only last element need to
be connected using AND in parallel list.
WR,
Arpit
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2017, 14:28
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Hi mikemcgarry GMATNinja / Experts

Can you help me with below query:
Why do we need two ANDs in OA- B. Does below sentence make sense:
In ancient Thailand,
much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended
on the creation of Buddha images ,
on construction and
decoration of the temples in
which they were enshrined
OR
In ancient Thailand,
much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended
on the creation of Buddha images ,
construction and
decoration of the temples in
which they were enshrined
let me know if replacing AND coma makes more sense since only last element need to
be connected using AND in parallel list.
WR,
Arpit

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, the short answer is no. Neither of your versions is good: we really need what the SC question OA had.

You see, the word "and" appears twice because we have nested parallelism, that is to say, one parallel structure nested inside another. The GMAT absolutely loves to nest structures inside each other.

Parallel structure #1:
much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on V and on W
V = the creation of Buddha images
W = parallel structure #2

Parallel structure #2:
on Y and Z of the temples in which they were enshrined
Y = construction
Z = decoration

This is NOT a list of three parallel elements. It is something very different. There is parallelism at two different levels. The first "and" is for Parallel structure #1, and the second is for Parallel structure #2.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2017, 03:04
I will go with B

Maintains Parallelism

Creation
Construction &
Decoration
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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2017, 22:38
nakib77 wrote:
In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them.

(A) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them

(B) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images and on construction and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined

(C) much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined

(D) creating images of Buddha accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy, and also constructing and decorating the temples enshrining them

(E) the creating of Buddha images accounted for much of the local artisans' creative energy as well as construction and decoration of the temples that enshrined them

A- Use of [ Expended for] Vs [ Expended on ], expended on is better . Furthermore [them] has no clear antecedent, Buddha images cannot be placed in temples but the statues which are not mentioned in the sentence.

C- Rightly uses expended on but [ as well as constructing..] is an illogical usage. Sentence starts in Past. !

D- Again Them has no clear antecedent, secondly [ creating images ... creative energy] entire part seemed wordier.

E- Them - Same error

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Re: In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2017, 00:21
Only thing that put me off with B was the use of "they where enshrined", couldn´t it be referring to the artisans?

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In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was e [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2017, 04:28
tmtsn

Whenever you have doubt on pronoun usage, try replacing the pronoun with noun that you felt it could relate
to and check intended meaning.

In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans' creative energy was expended for the creation of Buddha
images and when they constructed and decorated the temples that enshrined them (local articians).

[Reveal] Spoiler:
them refers back to images in its correct intended meaning

Hope this helps!!
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