It is currently 21 Sep 2017, 09:04

# Happening Now:

Live Chat with Amy Mitson, Sr. Associate Director of Admissions at Tuck Dartmouth

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In Arumville, among those young children with elevated

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
Posts: 584

Kudos [?]: 788 [1], given: 20

Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
In Arumville, among those young children with elevated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2010, 07:25
1
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

80% (00:53) correct 20% (01:16) wrong based on 552 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In Arumville, among those young children with elevated levels lead in their
blood, few leave in houses containing lead-based paint, but many leave in
areas where vehicular traffic is heavy. These children's elevated blood-lead
levels probably result from lead added to gas, since, although gasoline sold in and around Arumville has been lead-free since 1990, lead from vehicule exhaust
remains in the soil for many years.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A: Sale of lead-based paint for use in homes was banned in Arumville in 1977

B: Vehicle traffic in most residential areas of Arumville is heavier today than it was twenty years ago

C: Some lead in the soil comes from deteriorating lead-based paint on the exterior of buildings

D: In Arumville, children's blood-lead levels typically rise during the warm summer months when children frequently play outdoors but not in the winter when children spend more time indoors.

E: If improperly carried out, the removal of lead-based paint from older houses can significantly the risk that children living in such houses will ingest lead dust.

contamination is more from lead absorbed in soil than from the lead-painted house.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

KUDOS me if you feel my contribution has helped you.

Kudos [?]: 788 [1], given: 20

Director
Status: Apply - Last Chance
Affiliations: IIT, Purdue, PhD, TauBetaPi
Joined: 18 Jul 2010
Posts: 683

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 15

Schools: Wharton, Sloan, Chicago, Haas
WE 1: 8 years in Oil&Gas
Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2010, 07:29

Posted from my mobile device
_________________

Consider kudos, they are good for health

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 15

Manager
Joined: 29 Oct 2009
Posts: 196

Kudos [?]: 107 [0], given: 12

Concentration: General Management, Sustainability
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2010, 07:37
Argument: Children elevated blood-lead level is due to lead from vehicule exhaust
remains in the soil for many years.

To strengthen this argument we have to prove the relation between children, blood-lead level and the soil.

D is the best answer which explains this relationship.

D. In Arumville, children's blood-lead levels typically rise during the warm summer months when children frequently play outdoors but not in the winter when children spend more time indoors.
_________________

+1Kudos, if this helps

Kudos [?]: 107 [0], given: 12

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Oct 2009
Posts: 261

Kudos [?]: 205 [0], given: 4

Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2010, 09:42
The answer is D..All that is needed to prove here is that Lead from the soil is the prime factor responsible for the high lead level in the children's blood.
A,B,C and E are irrelevant

Kudos [?]: 205 [0], given: 4

GRE Forum Moderator
Affiliations: PMP certified, IT professional
Joined: 21 Jun 2010
Posts: 216

Kudos [?]: 150 [0], given: 2

Location: USA
Schools: CMU, Kelley
Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2010, 09:53
Ans D ?

Kudos [?]: 150 [0], given: 2

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1480

Kudos [?]: 731 [0], given: 6

Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2010, 10:22
D is the only one that links the children's elevated blood-lead levels to the lead contained in the soil. Children spend more time outside in summer and hence have high levels of lead in their blood because they get the lead present in soil compared to winter when the children are inside the house (dont inhale the lead in soil) and hence their level of lead is low.

Kudos [?]: 731 [0], given: 6

Manager
Joined: 04 Aug 2010
Posts: 154

Kudos [?]: 30 [3], given: 15

Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2010, 17:12
3
KUDOS

A: Sale of lead-based paint for use in homes was banned in Arumville in 1977
>> This does not eliminate the probability that a lot of people live in houses that were built and painted before that year.
B: Vehicle traffic in most residential areas of Arumville is heavier today than it was twenty years ago
>> Since lead was banned in fuel in 1990, whether traffic is heavier now or before then is irrelevant.
C: Some lead in the soil comes from deteriorating lead-based paint on the exterior of buildings
>> This does not relate the children to the lead.
D: In Arumville, children's blood-lead levels typically rise during the warm summer months when children frequently play outdoors but not in the winter when children spend more time indoors.
>> The only answer that provides a link between the children and how they might be in contact with lead.
E: If improperly carried out, the removal of lead-based paint from older houses can significantly the risk that children living in such houses will ingest lead dust.
>> There is no mention of any lead-based paint removal being initiated in that neighbourhood.

Kudos [?]: 30 [3], given: 15

Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2010
Posts: 304

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 7

Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2010, 23:27
What a way to start the CR practise-disaster!!

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 7

Intern
Joined: 18 Jun 2010
Posts: 7

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 3

Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2010, 18:40
1
KUDOS
One more D.
Strengthen Statements:
1.Attack the conclusion
2.Find an answer that strengthens it.Strengthening answers provide proofs outside the premise.

1.Conclusion :"since, lead from vehicle exhaust remains in the soil for many years."
2.Details about lead from paints and vehicle exhaust are in the premise but the conclusion says that the remains in the soil is the cause.
3.So the answer that strengthens here which supports the "remains in the soil is the cause" is D.

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 3

Senior Manager
Joined: 23 May 2010
Posts: 419

Kudos [?]: 143 [0], given: 112

Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2010, 19:59
Bhuvanamani wrote:
One more D.
Strengthen Statements:
1.Attack the conclusion
2.Find an answer that strengthens it.Strengthening answers provide proofs outside the premise.

1.Conclusion :"since, lead from vehicle exhaust remains in the soil for many years."
2.Details about lead from paints and vehicle exhaust are in the premise but the conclusion says that the remains in the soil is the cause.
3.So the answer that strengthens here which supports the "remains in the soil is the cause" is D.

thats the way dude to find the correct answer ...make a chain ....of events ..
yes D it is

Kudos [?]: 143 [0], given: 112

Manager
Joined: 28 Feb 2010
Posts: 167

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 33

WE 1: 3 (Mining Operations)
Re: In Arumville, among those young children [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Aug 2010, 05:38
IMO D....
Thank God, I am parched..after getting 3 question incorrect in straight, this one is finally an icebreaker...ufff
_________________

Regards,
Invincible...
"The way to succeed is to double your error rate."
"Most people who succeed in the face of seemingly impossible conditions are people who simply don't know how to quit."

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 33

Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Aug 2012
Posts: 462

Kudos [?]: 526 [0], given: 11

Concentration: Marketing, Finance
GPA: 3.23
Re: In Arumville, among those young children with elevated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Feb 2013, 21:52
ARGUMENT:
The rising lead-levels in blood in children resulted from lead in gasoline.
Although gasoline today is lead free, lead remains in the soil for several years.

COUNTERARGUMENT BY AUTHOR: Lead remains in the sol

We are looking for a strengthener

A: This info has no bearing on the lead in gasoline. OUT!

B: This cannot strengthen because gasoline today is already lead-free. We need something confirming that despite gasoline today being lead-free there is still a source of lead (from gasoline) which is actually in the soil. OUT!

C: This supports the fact that there is lead in the soil but whether it is the source of problem, we cannot confirm. Keep this for now.

D: BINGO! Lead-level in blood rises when children are outdoor than when indoors. Soil is outside. This is better than C.

E: Another possible lead-exposure but this doesn't support that lead in gasoline from soil - inhaled by kids. OUT!

_________________

Impossible is nothing to God.

Kudos [?]: 526 [0], given: 11

Current Student
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1988

Kudos [?]: 706 [0], given: 355

Concentration: Finance
Re: In Arumville, among those young children with elevated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Dec 2013, 17:41
gmatbull wrote:
In Arumville, among those young children with elevated levels lead in their
blood, few leave in houses containing lead-based paint, but many leave in
areas where vehicular traffic is heavy. These children's elevated blood-lead
levels probably result from lead added to gas, since, although gasoline sold in and around Arumville has been lead-free since 1990, lead from vehicule exhaust
remains in the soil for many years.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A: Sale of lead-based paint for use in homes was banned in Arumville in 1977

B: Vehicle traffic in most residential areas of Arumville is heavier today than it was twenty years ago

C: Some lead in the soil comes from deteriorating lead-based paint on the exterior of buildings

D: In Arumville, children's blood-lead levels typically rise during the warm summer months when children frequently play outdoors but not in the winter when children spend more time indoors.

E: If improperly carried out, the removal of lead-based paint from older houses can significantly the risk that children living in such houses will ingest lead dust.

contamination is more from lead absorbed in soil than from the lead-painted house.

So we are basically being asked to strengthen the claim that the lead comes from the soil as opposed as the lead coming from paint or gasoline etc..

In D since they children have higher blood levels when playing outdoors it means that the lead is coming from the soil rather than from the other two

Hence D is our best choice here

Cheers!
J

Kudos [?]: 706 [0], given: 355

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10170

Kudos [?]: 253 [0], given: 0

Re: In Arumville, among those young children with elevated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jun 2015, 11:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 253 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2014
Posts: 328

Kudos [?]: 64 [0], given: 15

Schools: ISB '15
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.76
Re: In Arumville, among those young children with elevated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jul 2015, 00:33
can somebody why c isn't the answer

Kudos [?]: 64 [0], given: 15

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10170

Kudos [?]: 253 [0], given: 0

Re: In Arumville, among those young children with elevated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2016, 12:48
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 253 [0], given: 0

Re: In Arumville, among those young children with elevated   [#permalink] 21 Jul 2016, 12:48
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 A certain viral infection is widespread among children 5 23 Mar 2017, 00:22
5 Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children aged 19 14 20 Sep 2017, 12:26
Scientists agree that ingesting lead harms young children. 1 16 Jul 2017, 19:46
2 Psychologist: Although studies of young children have 8 24 Jun 2017, 16:36
3 Antoine: The alarming fact is that among children 5 19 Jun 2017, 07:10
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# In Arumville, among those young children with elevated

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.