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# In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as

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In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 05:51
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In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners—such as nuts, bolts, and screws—used by workshops and manufacturing firms have for several years been supplied by the Brindon Bolt Barn, a specialist wholesaler. In recent months many of Brindon County’s workshops and manufacturing firms have closed down, and no new ones have opened. Therefore, the Brindon Bolt Barn will undoubtedly show a sharp decline in sales volume and revenue for this year as compared to last year.

The argument depends on assuming which of the following?

A. Last year the Brindon Bolt Barn’s sales volume and revenue were significantly higher than they had been the previous year.
B. The workshops and manufacturing firms that have remained open have a smaller volume of work to do this year than they did last year.
C. Soon the Brindon Bolt Barn will no longer be the only significant supplier of fasteners to Brindon County’s workshops.
D. The Brindon Bolt Barn’s operating expenses have not increased this year.
E. The Brindon Bolt Barn is not a company that gets the great majority of its business from customers outside Brindon County.

I marked the OA but I want to check my reasoning. So, please explain your answer.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 07:07
IMO E.

it elimates the option- what if the company makes profit from customers outside the country.
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 13:15
Is it B? E expands the scope to outside brindon country. A and C are irrelevant. D if anything weakens the argument and cannot be an assumption. Pls provide OA.
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 13:25
Assumption is that Brindon Bolt Barn customers are mostly companies in Brindon county so E.
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 13:43
IMO "A"

Whats the OA?
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 14:22
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ykaiim wrote:
In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners—such as nuts, bolts, and screws—used by workshops and manufacturing firms have for several years been supplied by the Brindon Bolt Barn, a specialist wholesaler. In recent months many of Brindon County’s workshops and manufacturing firms have closed down, and no new ones have opened. Therefore, the Brindon Bolt Barn will undoubtedly show a sharp decline in sales volume and revenue for this year as compared to last year.

The argument depends on assuming which of the following?

A. Last year the Brindon Bolt Barn’s sales volume and revenue were significantly
higher than they had been the previous year.
B. The workshops and manufacturing firms that have remained open have a smaller
volume of work to do this year than they did last year.
C. Soon the Brindon Bolt Barn will no longer be the only significant supplier of
fasteners to Brindon County’s workshops.
D. The Brindon Bolt Barn’s operating expenses have not increased this year.
E. The Brindon Bolt Barn is not a company that gets the great majority of its
business from customers outside Brindon County.

I marked the OA but I want to check my reasoning. So, please explain your answer.

dwivedys wrote:
Is it B? E expands the scope to outside brindon country. A and C are irrelevant. D if anything weakens the argument and cannot be an assumption. Pls provide OA.

The issue of scope is often misapplied to assumption questions. An assumption is a piece of information that is altogether missing from the argument; it is completely new information that, if true, makes the conclusion more believable.

The answer should make the conclusion that sales will drop because there are fewer Brindon firms&workshops more believable.

A. What happened last year is irrelevant to the future prediction for sales based on loss of clientele in Brindon.

B. Even if the Brindon clientele (firms and workshops) have a smaller volume of work, Brindon Bolt Barn may still have clientele elsewhere, in which case sales might not drop.

C. If Brindon Bolt Barn's competition increases, then sales declines will not have resulted from the loss of clientele.

D. Operating expenses are not related to sales.

E. Correct: If Brindon Bolt Barn's loses its Brindon clientele AND has little other clientele to rely on, then it is safe to conclude that sales will decline due to the loss of Brindon's firms and workshops.

A good break down of how to approach conclusion and assumption questions can be found in the Critical Reasoning I lesson at gmaxonline.
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 14:32
Conclusion is "Bolt Barn will show a sharp decline in sales as compared to last year".

Now, what if Bolt Barn not only supplies the bolts to the workshops in the city but also to a number of homes, then option E doesnt seem correct to me.

Now coming back to "A", if the sales last year were abnormally high & this year a potential sales area (workshops) is also not giving much then the Bolt Barn will show a sharp decline in sales as compared to last year.
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 21:58
whats the oa?
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 07:27
Assumption is that Brindon Bolt Barn customers are mostly companies in Brindon county so E.
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 08:03
OA is E.

Sarai, your explanation is in sync with mine
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 22:46
C is a possibility rather than a statement. "Soon the Brindon Bolt Barn will no longer be". Negating C
C. Soon the Brindon Bolt Barn will BE the ONLY significant supplier of fasteners to Brindon County’s workshops. >> Contradicts the premise.

E is left.
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2010, 22:57
Sarai

I use negation a lot of times in assumption questions. Thats alright.

But what about weakening questions?
1. Can I use negation technique here?
2. What if negation of the assumption contradicts the premise? I believe premise are never questioned. Right??

thanks
mavrik
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
The issue of scope is often misapplied to assumption questions. An assumption is a piece of information that is altogether missing from the argument; it is completely new information that, if true, makes the conclusion more believable.

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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 08:13
nusmavrik wrote:
Sarai

I use negation a lot of times in assumption questions. Thats alright.

But what about weakening questions?
1. Can I use negation technique here?
2. What if negation of the assumption contradicts the premise? I believe premise are never questioned. Right??

thanks
mavrik
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
The issue of scope is often misapplied to assumption questions. An assumption is a piece of information that is altogether missing from the argument; it is completely new information that, if true, makes the conclusion more believable.

Hi Marvrik,
Your answer must NEVER counter a premise. Could you explain what you mean by negation though so that I can better answer your first question?

-Sarai
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 08:17
Hi Sarai
talking about this - Negation of choice C.
C. Soon the Brindon Bolt Barn will BE the ONLY significant supplier of fasteners to Brindon County’s workshops. >> Contradicts the premise.

My bad. I should have said "conclusion" instead of premise. The negation (of assumption) affects the conclusion if the assumption is correct. I did reverse (negate) C but it doesn't seem to affect the conclusion about the current sales decline. Does it??

thanks
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2013, 09:29
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2014, 23:19
SaraiGMAT wrote:
ykaiim wrote:
In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners—such as nuts, bolts, and screws—used by workshops and manufacturing firms have for several years been supplied by the Brindon Bolt Barn, a specialist wholesaler. In recent months many of Brindon County’s workshops and manufacturing firms have closed down, and no new ones have opened. Therefore, the Brindon Bolt Barn will undoubtedly show a sharp decline in sales volume and revenue for this year as compared to last year.

The argument depends on assuming which of the following?

A. Last year the Brindon Bolt Barn’s sales volume and revenue were significantly
higher than they had been the previous year.
B. The workshops and manufacturing firms that have remained open have a smaller
volume of work to do this year than they did last year.
C. Soon the Brindon Bolt Barn will no longer be the only significant supplier of
fasteners to Brindon County’s workshops.
D. The Brindon Bolt Barn’s operating expenses have not increased this year.
E. The Brindon Bolt Barn is not a company that gets the great majority of its
business from customers outside Brindon County.

I marked the OA but I want to check my reasoning. So, please explain your answer.

dwivedys wrote:
Is it B? E expands the scope to outside brindon country. A and C are irrelevant. D if anything weakens the argument and cannot be an assumption. Pls provide OA.

The issue of scope is often misapplied to assumption questions. An assumption is a piece of information that is altogether missing from the argument; it is completely new information that, if true, makes the conclusion more believable.

The answer should make the conclusion that sales will drop because there are fewer Brindon firms&workshops more believable.

A. What happened last year is irrelevant to the future prediction for sales based on loss of clientele in Brindon.

B. Even if the Brindon clientele (firms and workshops) have a smaller volume of work, Brindon Bolt Barn may still have clientele elsewhere, in which case sales might not drop.

C. If Brindon Bolt Barn's competition increases, then sales declines will not have resulted from the loss of clientele.

D. Operating expenses are not related to sales.

E. Correct: If Brindon Bolt Barn's loses its Brindon clientele AND has little other clientele to rely on, then it is safe to conclude that sales will decline due to the loss of Brindon's firms and workshops.

A good break down of how to approach conclusion and assumption questions can be found in the Critical Reasoning I lesson at gmaxonline.

Hi Sarai,

If I apply negation technique to option 'E', it is as wrong as option 'B'.

If Brindon Bolt Barn does not have clientele outside the country and number of open stores has declined, but at the same time sales of existing stores has increased significantly, then also conclusion will fall apart.

The only reason I can see to select B over E is that B does not specifically talk about Brindon Bolt Barn company, it talks about any warehouses. Please share your view. Thanks!!
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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20 May 2014, 08:26
Hi Chiranjeev,

Just clear one of my query,
My analysis , Conclusion is "the Brindon Bolt Barn will undoubtedly show a sharp decline in sales volume and revenue for this year as compared to last year." based on the premise as some of the manufacturing firms are closed and no new ones are going to open.

Considering option E
So my query is irrespective of Brindon getting business outside the county or from anywhere else the brindon won't be able to increase is sales volume or revenue as manufacturing firms are closed and no new ones are going to open.

how does this shatter the conclusion?

Thanks
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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20 May 2014, 08:44
Hi Chiranjeev,

Sorry i got my query resolved , it was my mistake , i assumed that those manufacturing firms are those where Brindon manufacture their bolt. My bad. :D

Regards

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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2014, 19:07
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SaraiGMAT wrote:
ykaiim wrote:
In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners—such as nuts, bolts, and screws—used by workshops and manufacturing firms have for several years been supplied by the Brindon Bolt Barn, a specialist wholesaler. In recent months many of Brindon County’s workshops and manufacturing firms have closed down, and no new ones have opened. Therefore, the Brindon Bolt Barn will undoubtedly show a sharp decline in sales volume and revenue for this year as compared to last year.

The argument depends on assuming which of the following?

A. Last year the Brindon Bolt Barn’s sales volume and revenue were significantly
higher than they had been the previous year.
B. The workshops and manufacturing firms that have remained open have a smaller
volume of work to do this year than they did last year.
C. Soon the Brindon Bolt Barn will no longer be the only significant supplier of
fasteners to Brindon County’s workshops.
D. The Brindon Bolt Barn’s operating expenses have not increased this year.
E. The Brindon Bolt Barn is not a company that gets the great majority of its
business from customers outside Brindon County.

I marked the OA but I want to check my reasoning. So, please explain your answer.

dwivedys wrote:
Is it B? E expands the scope to outside brindon country. A and C are irrelevant. D if anything weakens the argument and cannot be an assumption. Pls provide OA.

The issue of scope is often misapplied to assumption questions. An assumption is a piece of information that is altogether missing from the argument; it is completely new information that, if true, makes the conclusion more believable.

The answer should make the conclusion that sales will drop because there are fewer Brindon firms&workshops more believable.

A. What happened last year is irrelevant to the future prediction for sales based on loss of clientele in Brindon.

B. Even if the Brindon clientele (firms and workshops) have a smaller volume of work, Brindon Bolt Barn may still have clientele elsewhere, in which case sales might not drop.

C. If Brindon Bolt Barn's competition increases, then sales declines will not have resulted from the loss of clientele.

D. Operating expenses are not related to sales.

E. Correct: If Brindon Bolt Barn's loses its Brindon clientele AND has little other clientele to rely on, then it is safe to conclude that sales will decline due to the loss of Brindon's firms and workshops.

A good break down of how to approach conclusion and assumption questions can be found in the Critical Reasoning I lesson at gmaxonline.

Hi Sarai,

Please can you help me understand why E and not B is the answer? Lets say the current sales volume comes from 2 sources X (companies outside county) and Y (companies within the county).

Current Revenue = X + Y

even if X remains constant, and Y decreases, the revenue will decrease. The way to hold the revenue to its current level is to maintain Y and it the existing workshops in the county increase their orders to make up for the numbers, Y may keep its previous value.
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2015, 07:16
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In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners—such as nuts, bolts, and screws—used by workshops and manufacturing firms have for several years been supplied by the Brindon Bolt Barn, a specialist wholesaler.
In recent months many of Brindon County’s workshops and manufacturing firms have closed down, and no new ones have opened.
Therefore, the Brindon Bolt Barn will undoubtedly show a sharp decline in sales volume and revenue for this year as compared to last year.

The argument depends on assuming which of the following?
B Vs E.

B. The workshops and manufacturing firms that have remained open have a smaller volume of work to do this year than they did last year.
[color=#ff0000]>> Even if its "same" the sharp decline would be there. So doesn't affect conclusion.
E. The Brindon Bolt Barn is not a company that gets the great majority of its business from customers outside Brindon County.
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Re: In Brindon County, virtually all of the fasteners such as   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2015, 07:16

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