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# In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen

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In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2009, 11:29
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In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(A) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(B) Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43 percent of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(C) Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35 percent a decade ago.

(D) Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.

(E) Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43 percent, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2009, 11:54
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ugimba,

"compared to" is used to show similarities....in this case the percent rates are different...therefore "compared with" should be used.

My choice is C.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2009, 17:18
OA is C.Thanks for your replies
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2010, 04:04
OA is C.
However, the comparision in C seems to be between "Today" and "About 35%".
Thanks.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2010, 14:12
noboru wrote:
OA is C.
However, the comparision in C seems to be between "Today" and "About 35%".
Thanks.

nobody is going to clarify this?
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 08:57
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This sentence is bit weird. all options other than C are plain wrong.

In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(A) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.
(B) Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43 percent of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.
(C) Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35 percent a decade ago.
(D) Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.
(E) Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43 percent, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2010, 10:11
seekmba wrote:
This sentence is bit weird. all options other than C are plain wrong.

In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(A) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.
(B) Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43 percent of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.
(C) Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35 percent a decade ago.
(D) Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.
(E) Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43 percent, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

But the comparision in C is between Today and about 35%, wich is totally confusing.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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11 May 2011, 07:46
Moreover, i am also confused with 'in the california...' Vs 'californians'.. it could be same meaning, but i thought logically both have different meaning.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2011, 05:59
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pmal04 wrote:
In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.
o In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.
o Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43 percent of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.
Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about a5 percent a decade ago.
o Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.
Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43 percent, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

I got this question in GMAT prep test and my answer was incorrect
Reason: I did not understand during test what is being tested, though I could see that "it" was confusing

So later on , I found that A, D, and E are using more than 43 percent ... (of what is not clear) so left with B & C
B can be ruled out for awkward construction and it confusing
Though, honestly speaking, I also felt during test C is awkward even after having some hunch that it is correct, but now I realised that it was the most economical sentence in all 5. It has proper construction "43 percent of Californians"
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2011, 15:34
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This is an official GMATprep question. And I agree. The question sucks!
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2011, 17:49
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pmal04 wrote:
In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43 percent of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

Today, more than 43 percent or Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about a5 percent a decade ago.

Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.

Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43 percent, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

Use of "compared to" and "compared with"

"compared to" is used to make comparison of dissimilar things such as apple and orange.
"compared with" is used to make comparison of similar things such as apple and apple.

a) Compares 43% with a decade - wrong.
b) Wrong comparison. Also the sentence is not concise - "of Californians".
c) Correct comparison between 43% today and 35% a decade ago.
d) "Californians" is not better than what is in C. The sentence is not concise
e) The sentence is not concise and is in passive.

Therefore it is C.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2012, 23:40
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The main problem here is that the authors of this topic have cleverly jumbled up some pseudo comparisons with the real comparisons. We are befuddled between those which look like comparison and that which is a real comparison. It is good to keep in mind that a comparison is marked by a comparator such as compared to or more than, less than etc. we have to exploit this handy tool. Here the real comparison is between percentages i.e. 43 percent today with 35 percent a decade ago.

This topic lends itself to attack by the injudicious use of the pronoun it, which may give valuable clues in our search for a solution. Let us now analyze choice by choice.

In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.------ compared with a decade ago indicates that a decade ago is being compared with some thing. So just sweep it off

Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43 percent of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent. ----- same thing as in A

Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35 percent a decade ago. --- see how a percentage is being compared to another percentage. ---correct choice.]

Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent. ------- compared to a decade ago, same error as in A and B

Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43 percent, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent. ------Unlike a decade ago marks a comparison involving a decade. Same error as in A, B, and D.

The second point is that the pronoun it should refer to 43 percentage or the ratio. The word ratio is nowhere in the picture. On the contrary it seems to refer to Hispanics in A, Hispanic in B , to Californians , a plural subject in D ,and again a plural Hispanics in E. C is the only that cleverly avoids the pronoun pitfall. Therefore, you may see why it is the answer. All in all, a deep concept.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2012, 00:19
Nice one @daagh.

One question though: In E, aren't we comparing today with a decade ago. It seems to be parallel. i do concede on the "it" part though. I got confused with the following wrong structure:

Today, H-->43%, unlike decade ago, when it(H)-->37%.

Seemed legit at the time. But, I did not see the term "was". So, it had to be compared to %age.

Hope I'm making some sense.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2012, 06:44
IMO C. Thanks for the explanations @daag and @fistil
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2012, 02:22
Although the great comments above exist, I'd like to give it a try since this problem seems to confuse me a bit.

In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

(A) In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

appears to compare "Hispanics" with "35 percent"
"it" can only refer to the noun.

for example,

a half of the population is indeed necessary, so it was more than that of USA. (it only refers to 'population', so it's wrong)

(B) Of the Californians under the age of eighteen, today more than 43 percent of them are Hispanic, compared with a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

wrong comparison.

Hispanic vs 35 percent
should've been,
Hispanic of the Californians under the age of eighteen vs (Hispanic of the Californians under the age of eighteen a decade ago) 35 percent

(C) Today, more than 43 percent of Californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanic, compared with about 35 percent a decade ago.

ellipsis is here.

43 percent of Californians ~ vs 35 percent (of Californians ~ )
Correct

(D) Today, compared to a decade ago, Californians who are Hispanics under the age of eighteen account for more than 43 percent, whereas it was about 35 percent.

Californians vs 35 percent

(E) Today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen in California account for more than 43 percent, unlike a decade ago, when it was about 35 percent.

Same problem as above
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2012, 18:39
A,B,D,E. the pronoun "it" does not point to any noun.
These sentences should have used the word population eg 43% of population or the hispanic population was 43% ( or some other phrase which introduces a noun).
But these options seem to use "it" to point the entire idea which is illegal.

We are left with C.
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2014, 02:16
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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25 May 2014, 20:10
Sorry, if I sound stupid. But can anyone, please explain me, for the correct choice 'c', why don't we say : .... More than 43 percent of californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanics... (Plural of Hispanic). Thanks
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2014, 01:14
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Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2014, 03:42
sriniwas wrote:
Sorry, if I sound stupid. But can anyone, please explain me, for the correct choice 'c', why don't we say : .... More than 43 percent of californians under the age of eighteen are Hispanics... (Plural of Hispanic). Thanks

Hispanic serves as an adjective --> It describes the ethnicity of this group of people (he/she is Hispanic). You refer to Hispanics as a noun like in choice D : "Californians who are Hispanics". In general the meaning is the same, I think it would not make a difference here
Re: In California today, Hispanics under the age of eighteen   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2014, 03:42

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