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# In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer

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Manager
Joined: 25 Jun 2012
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Location: India
WE: General Management (Energy and Utilities)
In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2012, 19:44
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15% (low)

Question Stats:

78% (01:11) correct 22% (03:00) wrong based on 200 sessions

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In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer from fungal infections of the feet and toenails because of poor foot hygiene. Fungal foot infections can cause the need for eventual amputation if left untreated. In order to combat the problem of untreated fungal infections, the public health department in Mongolia distributed a pamphlet to rural villagers instructing them on how to perform weekly foot checks to detect fungal infections of the foot.

Which of the following, if true, is the best criticism of the pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health department's goal?

A.Once fungal infections of the foot have been detected, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person.
B.The pamphlet was sent to all rural villagers, even those that practice good foot hygiene.
C.Fungal infections of the foot are much more common in men than in women, yet both sexes received the pamphlet.
D.People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.
E.A previous pamphlet from the public health department of Mongolia that warned of the dangers of smoking met with limited success in all parts of Mongolia.
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer fr  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2012, 19:45
Is "best criticism" is one type of weaken the argument type of question?
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer fr  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2012, 21:08
A.Once fungal infections of the foot have been detected, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person.--> does not matter if the effectiveness varies or not
B.The pamphlet was sent to all rural villagers, even those that practice good foot hygiene.--> the purpose is to raise awarness .There is no harm if it is sent to people with proper hygiene
C.Fungal infections of the foot are much more common in men than in women, yet both sexes received the pamphlet.-->sex is not the determining factor
D.People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.--> bingo .This statement tells that even if the pamphlet is given to people who are unhygenic ,they are unlikely to follow the precautionary measures.Hence it is not going to have any effect.
E.A previous pamphlet from the public health department of Mongolia that warned of the dangers of smoking met with limited success in all parts of Mongolia.--> the previous scenario is irrelevant.
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer fr  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2012, 21:10
@bhavinshah yes best criticism also means weaken the argument .
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer fr  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2012, 21:11
bhavinshah5685 wrote:
Is "best criticism" is one type of weaken the argument type of question?

How do you criticize some one? By refuting his or her statement , i.e by weakening it !
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 08:50
D. It criticises it's effectiveness.

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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer  [#permalink]

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10 May 2017, 17:02
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My confusion with this one was with D. If people who do not use proper hygiene don’t do weekly checks, how do we know they would continue to not do so after reading the brochure? This was my confusion.

I actually chose A because a central tenant of the plan is a single, uniform solution outlined in the pamphlet to solve fungal infection for everyone in rural Mongolia. So if people react to the treatment differently, isn't it possible that the treatment will not help everyone? I think the problem with this thinking was that whilst not everyone might react positively, at least some would meaning that on the whole at least some fungal infection would be cured, strengthening the argument on aggregate. Just want to know if my reasoning here is correct.
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer  [#permalink]

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11 May 2017, 03:54
texas wrote:
My confusion with this one was with D. If people who do not use proper hygiene don’t do weekly checks, how do we know they would continue to not do so after reading the brochure? This was my confusion.

I actually chose A because a central tenant of the plan is a single, uniform solution outlined in the pamphlet to solve fungal infection for everyone in rural Mongolia. So if people react to the treatment differently, isn't it possible that the treatment will not help everyone? I think the problem with this thinking was that whilst not everyone might react positively, at least some would meaning that on the whole at least some fungal infection would be cured, strengthening the argument on aggregate. Just want to know if my reasoning here is correct.

You have laid out great reasons for choosing A as the answer, but you went too far and made too many assumptions in your reasoning.

Based on the question stem we are looking for "the best criticism of the pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health department's GOAL." Based on the passage the goal of the public health department is "to combat the problem of UNTREATED fungal foot infections," not to HELP EVERYONE and eliminate the infection with treatment.

Sure, we can make the leap that the ultimate goal of the public health department is to help everyone to avoid and to eliminate fungal foot infections all together, but that is not the stated goal in the passage. Make no assumptions about motive and ultimate goals, only use what is stated.

A. Once fungal infections of the foot have been detected, the effectiveness of treatment varies from person to person.
- The "effectiveness of the treatment" is not within the scope of the stated goals of the public health department, only TREATMENT is within scope.

D. People who do not use proper hygiene to care for their feet are unlikely to perform weekly checks of their feet for fungal infections.
- The Best Criticism – The weakness that this criticism exploits is the assumption that people who already have poor foot hygiene will take the time to check for fungal foot infections. The reason they may have a fungal foot infection is because they have poor foot hygiene. Therefore, no detection = no treatment = public health department's GOAL IS NOT ACHIEVED.

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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2018, 13:15
bhavinshah5685 wrote:
Is "best criticism" is one type of weaken the argument type of question?

From the phrase "pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health department's goal", doesn't this mean question is more about criticizing the usage of pamphlet as method to share information?

If it is the case, isn't E a right answer?
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2018, 14:05
Vishal_Bandari wrote:
bhavinshah5685 wrote:
Is "best criticism" is one type of weaken the argument type of question?

From the phrase "pamphlet as a method of achieving the public health department's goal", doesn't this mean question is more about criticizing the usage of pamphlet as method to share information?

If it is the case, isn't E a right answer?

This is my confusion as well. The question asks for effectiveness of using pamphlets, not whether the info on the pamphlets would lower rates of fungus...
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2018, 15:38
No, the question is not asking us to restrict our criticism to the medium of information used. It's simply asking us to show why using this particular pamphlet may not help with the stated goal of reducing these infections.

E doesn't make it clear why the previous campaign failed, so it's hard to know what to make of the information. Imagine if I said that calling someone on the phone was not an effective way of persuading them to do something, because I called my friend last week and he didn't do what I asked. There are far too many unknowns here!

D, on the other hand, gives us a concrete reason to suspect that people who are at risk will not follow through on the recommendations of the pamphlet. This exploits the feasibility problem that we tend to see with all plan-based CR. Compare this to the following official CR: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-eurasian ... 27266.html Here, we have to strengthen the argument, but to do so, we have to ask "Will people really use these cards?"
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Re: In certain parts of rural Mongolia, many villagers suffer &nbs [#permalink] 31 Dec 2018, 15:38
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