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In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;

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In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 18:16
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In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000; due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases the population in Cook County.

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases

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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 08:24
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A humble request – Please give KUDOS if you like the explanation.

The answer is D.

In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000; due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases the population in Cook County.

Let us first dissect the sentence.
; is used to join two independent but related clauses
Due to
This phrase is used to modify the nouns. In other words, due to is used to present the reason for a noun.
Because of
This phrase is used to modify the actions. In other words, because of is used to present the reason for an action.
In this sentence we are giving the reason for an action of the range of population hence Because of is correct usage not due to.

option A and B are out.

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
In this sentence we are giving the reason for an action of the range of population hence Because of is correct usage not due to.

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase
In this sentence we are giving the reason for an action of the range of population hence Because of is correct usage not due to.

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases
It is used to refer to coyote which is incorrect. Here Coyote is in the plural form

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase
This is the correct choice.

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
because of having high survival rates in urban areas – This is an incorrect way to refer to Coyotes
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 18:23
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Empowergmat Official Explanation:



This sentence addresses parallel structure and subject-verb agreement. Differences within the text are highlighted.

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
This is incorrect. The subject-verb agreement is incorrect here; the word “expectancies” is plural so the verb needs to be “increase.”

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase
This is incorrect. Although the subject-verb agreement is correct here, the sentence does not have parallel structure. “Coyote” is singular so it should be “a pair bond.”

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases
This is incorrect. The subject-verb agreement is incorrect here; the word “expectancies” is plural so the verb needs to be “increase.”

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase
This is correct. It uses the correct subject-verb agreement and is parallel with “coyotes” and “pair bonds.”

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
This is incorrect. The subject-verb agreement is incorrect here; the word “expectancies” is plural so the verb needs to be “increase.”
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 18:46
Correct Answer is C.
1. IDC;IDC
2. replace due to by caused and see if it makes sense. Caused by their having high survival rates doesnt makes sense so replace due to by because.
3. If we backtrack the verb is 'is' hence we can treat coyote as singular
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 20:19
Option A, C,& E are incorrect because of subject verb error. The sentence structure in option B is awkward because of the use of "its having". So D is the correct choice.
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 20:22
A and E are out for awkward phrasing.
B is out since "its" is wrong
C is out since "increases" does not agree with subject "life expectancies"
So my answer is D
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 20:34
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Scanning the first part, we have "due to" in A and B vs "because of" in C, D and E. Since we are starting a new clause and giving reason for complete action, "due to" is wrong. So eliminate A and B.

Let's scan last part of C, D and E. Expectancies that increases in C and E vs expectancies that increase. Only D has correct S-V agreement. So ans is D.

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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 20:46
In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000; due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases the population in Cook County.

Analysis: i prefer the use of has or have over having
The clause after semicolon seems to provide a reason for the first clause - Because should be used over due to . also because should be
always followed by an independent clause.
Between C and D : "Coyotes have high survival rates" is better than " Coyote has high survival rates"

I choose D

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase - Correct

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 20:48
IMO E

because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases (correct singular plural use, also parallelism drawn is correct)

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In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Jun 2020, 19:34
In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000; due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases the population in Cook County.

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
>> that increases is wrong

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase
>> due to used to modify the noun”coyote”.e,g,: The cancellation was due to heavy rain. here we need to modify reproduces not coyotes


(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases
>> that increases is wrong

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase- CORRECT
>>because is used to modify the action . e.g. coyotes reproduces because they have high survival rates in urban areas
>> the meeting was cancelled because of heavy rain (modify cancelled)


(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
>> that increases is wrong

Originally posted by imSKR on 28 May 2020, 20:52.
Last edited by imSKR on 02 Jun 2020, 19:34, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 21:32
A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increasesife expectancies is plural..So that increase

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increaseusage of due to is wrong here.It is used to present the reason for a noun.Here we are dealing with verb..the coyote copiously reproduces

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increasesife expectancies is plural..So that increase

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increasecorrect

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increasesife expectancies is plural..So that increase
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 22:16
In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000; due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases the population in Cook County.

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases

A- wrong. Not clear what'their' refers to.
B- wrong. Not clear what 'its' refer to. 'Increase' is wrong usage i.e. tense error.
C- wrong. Not clear what'it' refers to.
D- Wrong . Not clear what 'they' refers to.'Increase' is wrong usage i.e. tense error.
E- above stated errors are corrected. 'Increases' is the correct usage.

E is the correct answer

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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 22:44
In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000; due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases the population in Cook County.

In this question, we can test Subject-Verb agreement thing.
1. Subject is "life expectancies" and verb is "increases" in the original sentence
If subject is 'life expectancies' , the verb must be 'increase' ----> this rules out option A,C, and E.

In B and D, when we check 'due to' vs 'because', due to can be replaces by 'caused by' and that doesn't make sense in B. So, D is the answer

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 23:01
A,B,C: rejected due to use of due to.Due to is used if it succeeded by a noun.
D:increase is correct since it is modifying the life expectancies. Hence this is correct
E: Since increases is not in subject verb agreement with the life expectancies, therefore this is wrong.
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 23:18
My choice is (D). It took me 1:17.

"Due to" is an adjective and cannot be used as adverb / modifier as in option (A) and (B). Admittedly, this is very strict convention that few people observe.

(C) is incorrect because subject-verb do not agree in "expectancies that increases":That modifies "expectancies", a plural noun. So "increases" has to be "increase".

(E) Same as above. Also, "having" in "because of having" can be deleted.
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 23:22
Key things to notice-

1. Subject verb agreement: The verb "increase" needs to be used with the plural subject "life expectancies".
2. Due to vs Because of. "Due to their/its having" is incorrect construction. Also "Due to" can only modify nouns. In choices A and B, due to modifies "copiously reproduces" which is incorrect. "Because of" should be used to modify verbs.

Let’s take a look at each option and eliminate any problematic options:

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
Incorrect. Subject Verb error with "life expectancies that increases". Should be "increase". Error with the usage of "due to their having" as mentioned in Key point 2.

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase
Incorrect. Error with the usage of "due to its having" as mentioned in Key point 2.

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases
Incorrect. Subject Verb error with "life expectancies that increases". Should be "increase".

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase
Correct. Proper subject verb agreement. Correct usage of because.

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases
Incorrect. Subject Verb error with "life expectancies that increases". Should be "increase".
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 00:21
D is the correct one.
Due to has to be followed by a Noun. Due to/caused by is a wrong usage. for reasons because is used.

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases.........Wrong for above reason

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase........Wrong for above reason

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases.............Here due to is replaced by because but "that increases" is a wrong SV agreement. that refers plural expediencies and hence should be followed by increase

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase........The best of all with correct modifier and SV agreement

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases........because of having is wrong. of should be followed by a noun or pronoun. The verb after of is wrong usage.
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 00:55
(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases - Due to is used incorrectly as it modifies the act of "reproduce". Due to can only be used to modify nouns and not verbs.

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase - Same error as A

(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases - Subject-verb error - must be increase

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase - Correct

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases - Same error as C
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 00:56
In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000; [url]due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases[/url] the population in Cook County.

(A) due to their having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases ; due to usage is wrong as it must describe a noun

(B) due to its having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain pair bonds and thus has much longer life expectancies that increase; due to usage is wrong as it must describe a noun


(C) because it has high survival rates in urban areas, the coyote copiously reproduces to maintain a pair bond and thus has much longer life expectancies that increases ; it pronoun error

(D) because they have high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain pair bonds and thus have much longer life expectancies that increase ; the population is singular usage of increase is wrong

(E) because of having high survival rates in urban areas, the coyotes copiously reproduce to maintain a pair bond and thus have much longer life expectancies that increases ; correct choice ; increases goes correct with the population
OPTION E
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;  [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2020, 02:35
In A: 'due to their having' is awkward. life expectancies that increases - incorrect; should be 'increase'
In B: 'due to its having' is awkward.
In C: 'coyote' is singular, but 'life expectancies' is plural.
In E: life expectancies that increases - incorrect; should be 'increase'

Answer is D
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Re: In Chicago, the coyote population is between 2,000 and 4,000;   [#permalink] 29 May 2020, 02:35

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