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In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in

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In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Aug 2019, 23:06
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In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in one of every six civil cases, the vast majority of which were debt related. Women’s participation dropped to one in ten cases after 1719, and to one in twenty by the 1770’s. However, as Cornelia Hughes Dayton notes in Women Before the Bar: Gender, Law, and Society in Connecticut, 1639-1789, these statistics are somewhat deceptive: in fact, both the absolute numbers and the percentage of adult women participating in civil cases grew steadily throughout the eighteenth century, but the legal activity of men also increased dramatically, and at a much faster rate. Single, married, and widowed women continued to pursue their own and their husbands’ debtors through legal action much as they had done in the previous century, but despite this continuity, their place in the legal system shifted dramatically. Men’s commercial interests and credit networks became increasingly far-flung, owing in part to the ability of creditors to buy and sell promissory notes (legal promises to pay debts). At the same time, women’s networks of credit and debt remained primarily local and personal. Dayton contends that, although still performing crucial economic services in their communities—services that contributed to the commercialization of the colonial economy—women remained for the most part outside the new economic and legal culture of the eighteenth century.
1. The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) reporting an author’s view of a phenomenon
(B) disputing the reasons usually given for an unexpected change
(C) evaluating the conclusions reached by an author
(D) assessing the impact of certain legal decisions
(E) defending a controversial point of view



2. According to the passage, compared with women in eighteenth-century Connecticut, men were

(A) more likely to rely on credit and go into debt
(B) more likely to pursue their families’ debtors
(C) more likely to participate in economic transactions outside their own communities
(D) less likely to perform economic services in their own communities.
(E) less likely to participate in civil cases that were not debt-related.



3. The passage suggests that which of the following best compares the economic concerns of women with those of men toward the close of the eighteenth Century in colonial Connecticut?

(A) Both men and women had more economic responsibilities at the end of the century than they had had at the beginning of the century.
(B) Women’s economic activities had become less varied by the end of the century; men’s economic activities had become more varied.
(C) Women’s economic activities at the end of the century were similar to their activities at the beginning; men’s economic activities changed considerably.
(D) Women’s economic concerns at the end of the century were primarily familial; men’s economic concerns were primarily political.
(E) Women’s economic concerns at the end of the century were primarily personal; men’s economic needs were primarily familial.



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Originally posted by gmatbull on 23 Mar 2010, 12:03.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 17 Aug 2019, 23:06, edited 4 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (190).
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Re: In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2010, 05:27
4
1
ACC IMO..

Reasons:

25 The passage is primarily concerned with
A[color=#00FF40]. reporting an author’s view of a phenomenon Bingo...... Only one theory presented and explained. Neither supported by the passage nor criticised.[/color]
B. disputing the reasons usually given for an
unexpected change (Is there any other reason given? No. Only one reason is eexplained thru out)
C. evaluating the conclusions reached by an
author (Is the passage trying to have an opinion abt the authors POV? No. It just mentions the name of the author and her ideologies and runs with it)
D. assessing the impact of certain legal
decisions. (Out of scope)
E. defending a controversial point of view (No other POV mentioned, so theres no question of defending or evaluating other opinion)

Q26
According to the passage, compared with women
in eighteenth-century Connecticut, men were
A. more likely to rely on credit and go into debt ( Where is it mentioned that MOST men would do this. Some will, but how many wont? So OOS)
B. more likely to pursue their families’ debtors (Exact opposite of what the author is trying to say)
[color=#00FF00]C. more likely to participate in economic transactions
outside their own communities
Bingo........As is clear from lines 27 to 37, women got involved with personal transactions and men with transactions outside their community)
[/color]
D. less likely to perform economic services
in their own communities. (Women are more likely to do this does not mean that men are less likely to do the same thing, according the passage. Might be true, might be not, not the best answer)
E. less likely to participate in civil cases that
were not debt-related. (Whhhhhaaaaa!!!!!! Totally OOS)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q27
The passage suggests that which of the following
best compares the economic concerns of women
with those of men toward the close of the eighteenth
Century in colonial Connecticut?
(A)Both men and women had more economic
responsibilities at the end of the century
than they had had at the beginning of the
century. (True, but not the best answer, coz its not the primary reason why we are reading this passage)
(B)Women’s economic activities had become
less varied by the end of the century;
men’s economic activities had become
more varied. (Womens activities were same, NOT less. So I striked it out)
(C[color=#00FF40])Women’s economic activities at the end of
the century were similar to their activities
at the beginning; men’s economic activities
changed considerably.
.... Right on the mark. Women were doing personal thing in the beginning and kept doing the same during the end of the century too. Men, on the other hand, grew up!!!!!..lol)
[/color](D)Women’s economic concerns at the end of
the century were primarily familial; men’s
economic concerns were primarily political. (Where does it say political!!!!)
(E)Women’s economic concerns at the end of
the century were primarily personal; men’s
economic needs were primarily familial (Men's -> Primarily familial!!!!! No ****..... Just wrong...)


Whats the OA BTW?
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Re: In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2016, 00:40
1
Interesting passage , took 3 minutes to read and 8 minutes in total . :?

-The author introduces a phenomenon that occurred between 1670 and 1719
- The author then provides an author’s view on the phenomenon

1. A

2. “Men’s commercial interests and credit networks became increasingly far-flung"
The above suggests that men started to participate in economic transactions outside their communities. Hence option (C ).

3. “both the absolute numbers and the percentage of adult women participating in civil cases grew steadily throughout the eighteenth century, but the legal activity of men also increased dramatically, and at a much faster rate"
Option (C ) is a word justification of the above and is hence correct.
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Re: In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2010, 15:02
Q25. A
This passage explains a phonemenon and then reports an author’s view of the phenomenon.

Q26.A
I am not 100% sure of this answer. But reached to this option after reading the passage "Men’s commercial
interests and credit networks
(30) became increasingly far-flung,
owing in part to the ability of
creditors to buy and sell promissory
notes (legal promises to
pay debts)"

Q27.C
concluded this answer from "but the legal activity of men also increased dramatically,
(20) and at a much faster rate"
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Re: In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2010, 05:05
IMO:
Q25
B. disputing the reasons usually given for an
unexpected change = using words in paragraphs 5 and 10 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q26

C. more likely to participate in economic transactions
outside their own communities - paragraph 30...men far-flung into transactions

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q27
(D)Women’s economic concerns at the end of
the century were primarily familial; men’s
economic concerns were primarily political. = using last paragraph..women remained outside...
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New post 15 Apr 2010, 13:41
IMO, ans should be:

25. C -> Author draws the following conlusion "these statistics are
somewhat deceptive" and provides evidences in the following statements to support his conclusion. In the end he mentions Cornila's theory and sounds concurring with her.
26. C - > Men’s commercial interests and credit networks (30) became increasingly far-flung,......, while women’s networks of credit and
debt remained primarily local andpersonal.
27. B - > This was easy.
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Re: In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2016, 04:19
tarunktuteja wrote:
tronghieu1987 wrote:
rohitmanglik wrote:
Can we have OAs please.

xyztroy said that OAs are C, C, B. Most people, who commented over here, have significant variation from OAs. So either difficulty level is not medium or OAs provided are not actually OAs ;)


The OA is A, C, C. This is a passage from GMAT Exam Pack 2.


I will be surprised if I see this in exam pack 2 as this question is from powerprep (Old GMAT from ETS.). Can you please paste a snapshot?


Here it is!
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New post 24 Apr 2019, 13:29
amma4u wrote:
IMO:
Q25
B. disputing the reasons usually given for an
unexpected change = using words in paragraphs 5 and 10 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q26

C. more likely to participate in economic transactions
outside their own communities - paragraph 30...men far-flung into transactions

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q27
(D)Women’s economic concerns at the end of
the century were primarily familial; men’s
economic concerns were primarily political. = using last paragraph..women remained outside...



NOT Primarily political, they were just political and widely varied
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New post 25 Apr 2019, 19:04
1. The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) reporting an author’s view of a phenomenon
This is the right answer

(B) disputing the reasons usually given for an unexpected change
There is no unexpected in the passage. Women's participation dropped in civil cases. But the author says that is not the case.

(C) evaluating the conclusions reached by an author
There is no evaluation taking place in the passage. The author provides reasons for his view that women's participation increased and he goes on to explain why initially it was thought women's participation decreased.

(D) assessing the impact of certain legal decisions
Nothing was being assessed in the passage and nothing about legal descisions was mentioned in the passage.

(E) defending a controversial point of view
The author was indeed defending his point view but he did not mention anything being controversial.
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New post 06 May 2019, 09:20
GMATNinja, workout, GMATNinjaTwo, u1983, SajjadAhmad, Gnpth

3. The passage suggests that which of the following best compares the economic concerns of women with those of men toward the close of the eighteenth Century in colonial Connecticut?

(A) Both men and women had more economic responsibilities at the end of the century than they had had at the beginning of the century.
(B) Women’s economic activities had become less varied by the end of the century; men’s economic activities had become more varied.
(C) Women’s economic activities at the end of the century were similar to their activities at the beginning; men’s economic activities changed considerably.
(D) Women’s economic concerns at the end of the century were primarily familial; men’s economic concerns were primarily political.
(E) Women’s economic concerns at the end of the century were primarily personal; men’s economic needs were primarily familial.

I understand C is right. Confused with A. Please explain why A is wrong?
"Both the absolute numbers and the percentage of adult women participating in civil cases grew steadily throughout the eighteenth century, but the legal activity of men also increased dramatically, and at a much faster rate." I chose A because I thought women participating are increasing.
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Re: In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2019, 03:21
mallya12 wrote:
GMATNinja, workout, GMATNinjaTwo, u1983, SajjadAhmad, Gnpth

3. The passage suggests that which of the following best compares the economic concerns of women with those of men toward the close of the eighteenth Century in colonial Connecticut?

(A) Both men and women had more economic responsibilities at the end of the century than they had had at the beginning of the century.
(B) Women’s economic activities had become less varied by the end of the century; men’s economic activities had become more varied.
(C) Women’s economic activities at the end of the century were similar to their activities at the beginning; men’s economic activities changed considerably.
(D) Women’s economic concerns at the end of the century were primarily familial; men’s economic concerns were primarily political.
(E) Women’s economic concerns at the end of the century were primarily personal; men’s economic needs were primarily familial.

I understand C is right. Confused with A. Please explain why A is wrong?
"Both the absolute numbers and the percentage of adult women participating in civil cases grew steadily throughout the eighteenth century, but the legal activity of men also increased dramatically, and at a much faster rate." I chose A because I thought women participating are increasing.

Take a look at the exact wording of question #3:
Quote:
3. The passage suggests that which of the following best compares the economic concerns of women with those of men toward the close of the eighteenth Century in colonial Connecticut?

The question asks about the "economic concerns" of women and men, which is different than the participation of these groups in civil cases.

Here is what the passage says about the economic concerns of women and men at the end of the eighteenth century:
Quote:
Men’s commercial interests and credit networks became increasingly far-flung, owing in part to the ability of creditors to buy and sell promissory notes (legal promises to pay debts). At the same time, women’s networks of credit and debt remained primarily local and personal.

From this, we know that economic activity for men increased with the rise of promissory notes, while economic activity for women remained stable because their networks of credit and debt remained local. This contradicts the idea that "both men and women had more economic responsibilities at the end of the century than they had had at the beginning of the century." For this reason, (A) is out.

I hope that helps!
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New post 27 May 2019, 07:33
For the first question, A)says that it reports an author's view of a phenomenon, but it seems to me that the passage is reporting Dayton's view. Besides, most part of the passage is stating Dayton's work, and explains his logic, which is the legal decision that creditors can buy or sell promissory notes, a decision that splits men and women apart. That's how I land on D). Can someone help me here? Thanks.
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New post 03 Jun 2019, 14:42
yunbao wrote:
For the first question, A)says that it reports an author's view of a phenomenon, but it seems to me that the passage is reporting Dayton's view. Besides, most part of the passage is stating Dayton's work, and explains his logic, which is the legal decision that creditors can buy or sell promissory notes, a decision that splits men and women apart. That's how I land on D). Can someone help me here? Thanks.

The "author" referred to in (A) is Cornelia Hughes Dayton -- you are correct that the passage reports on her view, so this is actually a point in favor of answer choice (A)!

Take another look at (D):
Quote:
(D) assessing the impact of certain legal decisions

Promissory notes are defined in the passage as "legal promises to pay debts." Does this make them legal decisions? The connection there is shaky.

More to the point, the question asks about the primary purpose of the passage, which is broader than assessing the impact of promissory notes. Dayton explores the reasons behind a perceived drop in women's participation in civil cases over a certain time period. She argues that women's participation did not actually decrease, but rather men's participation greatly increased. This increase can be attributed "in part" to promissory notes. So, promissory notes are just one element that Dayton uses to explain an overall phenomenon.

This is more accurately expressed in answer choice (A), "reporting an author’s view of a phenomenon." (A) is the correct answer.

I hope that helps!
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Re: In colonial Connecticut between 1670 and 1719, women participated in   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2019, 14:42
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