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# In Contrast To/ In Contrast With

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Director
Joined: 24 Aug 2009
Posts: 503
Schools: Harvard, Columbia, Stern, Booth, LSB,
In Contrast To/ In Contrast With [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 05:47
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100% (01:31) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 13 sessions

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I would like to know when is it correct & incorrect to use "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH" on GMAT and what is the difference between "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH". Kindly explain WHY the below mentioned sentence are Correct or Incorrect.

IN CONTRAST WITH the zoo, the park charges no admission.
IN CONTRAST TO the zoo, the park charges no admission.
In contrast to the zoo charging admission, the park does not.
As contrasted with the zoo, the park charges no admission.

Waiting eagerly for AWESOME explanation by experts.

Regards,
Fame
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Intern
Joined: 05 Aug 2012
Posts: 41
Concentration: Technology, General Management
GMAT Date: 09-16-2013
GPA: 3.5
WE: Analyst (Consulting)
Re: In Contrast To/ In Contrast With [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 08:34
fameatop wrote:
I would like to know when is it correct & incorrect to use "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH" on GMAT and what is the difference between "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH". Kindly explain WHY the below mentioned sentence are Correct or Incorrect.

IN CONTRAST WITH the zoo, the park charges no admission.
IN CONTRAST TO the zoo, the park charges no admission.
In contrast to the zoo charging admission, the park does not.
As contrasted with the zoo, the park charges no admission.

Waiting eagerly for AWESOME explanation by experts.

Regards,
Fame

Hi. In GMAT, both of them are correct, however it depends on the usage and context.
In fact, i would like to now when to use what out of the to idioms.
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Suyash

I want to live in a world where emails are short, love letters are brave, and every "Thank you" note is scribbled by hand.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Oct 2010
Posts: 261
Location: India
GMAT 1: 560 Q36 V31
GPA: 3
Re: In Contrast To/ In Contrast With [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 08:49
fameatop wrote:
I would like to know when is it correct & incorrect to use "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH" on GMAT and what is the difference between "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH". Kindly explain WHY the below mentioned sentence are Correct or Incorrect.

IN CONTRAST WITH the zoo, the park charges no admission.
IN CONTRAST TO the zoo, the park charges no admission.
In contrast to the zoo charging admission, the park does not.
As contrasted with the zoo, the park charges no admission.

Waiting eagerly for AWESOME explanation by experts.

Regards,
Fame

I can point a couple of things here. I'm not sure if it will answer you question completely so let me know.

Idiomatically, it is correct to have either usage. The rest of the sentence, that is the bigger picture, is what needs to be looked into more often than not.

Having said that the first two sentences are correct. They're making a comparison between what the zoo does and what the park does about charging admission.

However, statement 3 is comparing charging admission with a park which does not make sense. The rule for a comparison is that the subjects of comparison must ideally be on either side of the comma, which is clearly used in sentences 1 and 2. You can bend this rule slightly if you use a noun cluster before the comma. But sentence 3 has an action which is a verb.

Sentence 4 is just awfully wordy and long and takes an eternity to say what is being said.
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petrifiedbutstanding

Manager
Joined: 20 Jul 2012
Posts: 163
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: In Contrast To/ In Contrast With [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2013, 09:04
suyash23n wrote:
fameatop wrote:
I would like to know when is it correct & incorrect to use "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH" on GMAT and what is the difference between "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH". Kindly explain WHY the below mentioned sentence are Correct or Incorrect.

IN CONTRAST WITH the zoo, the park charges no admission.
IN CONTRAST TO the zoo, the park charges no admission.
In contrast to the zoo charging admission, the park does not.
As contrasted with the zoo, the park charges no admission.

Waiting eagerly for AWESOME explanation by experts.

Regards,
Fame

Hi. In GMAT, both of them are correct, however it depends on the usage and context.
In fact, i would like to now when to use what out of the to idioms.

"In contrast to" is used with nouns and "contrast with " is used when contrast acts as a verb..
X stands in contrast to Y
He/she contrast X with Y

Experts please correct me if i am wrong...
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4128
Re: In Contrast To/ In Contrast With [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 11:32
1
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Expert's post
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This post was
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fameatop wrote:
I would like to know when is it correct & incorrect to use "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH" on GMAT and what is the difference between "In Contrast TO" and "In Contrast WITH". Kindly explain WHY the below mentioned sentence are Correct or Incorrect.

IN CONTRAST WITH the zoo, the park charges no admission.
IN CONTRAST TO the zoo, the park charges no admission.
In contrast to the zoo charging admission, the park does not.
As contrasted with the zoo, the park charges no admission.

Waiting eagerly for AWESOME explanation by experts.

Regards,
Fame

Fame,

I'm happy to help. See this blog ----
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idioms-of-comparison/
for a full explanation. Here's the skinny ----
IN CONTRAST WITH the zoo, the park charges no admission.
IN CONTRAST TO the zoo, the park charges no admission.

Both 100% correct.

In contrast to the zoo charging admission, the park does not.
The problem here is not the comparative idiom but the fundamental grammatical construction. The structure [preposition][noun][participial phrase] is trainwreck-wrong on the GMAT. If you want to talk about that much action, don't cram it all into a poor little prepositional phrase, which is designed to hold just a static noun, not the full action of a verb.

As contrasted with the zoo, the park charges no admission.
Avoid the "as contrasted to/with" structure on the GMAT.

Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Director
Joined: 24 Aug 2009
Posts: 503
Schools: Harvard, Columbia, Stern, Booth, LSB,
Re: In Contrast To/ In Contrast With [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 22:31
mikemcgarry wrote:

I'm happy to help. See this blog ----
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idioms-of-comparison/
for a full explanation. Here's the skinny ----
IN CONTRAST WITH the zoo, the park charges no admission.
IN CONTRAST TO the zoo, the park charges no admission.

Both 100% correct.

In contrast to the zoo charging admission, the park does not.
The problem here is not the comparative idiom but the fundamental grammatical construction. The structure [preposition][noun][participial phrase] is trainwreck-wrong on the GMAT. If you want to talk about that much action, don't cram it all into a poor little prepositional phrase, which is designed to hold just a static noun, not the full action of a verb.

As contrasted with the zoo, the park charges no admission.
Avoid the "as contrasted to/with" structure on the GMAT.

Mike

Hi Mike,

Thanks & Kudos for the clarification. Can you solve the below mentioned questions because there has been much debate about the OA, but nowhere the explanation is clear.

In Contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.
A. In contrast to the symphonies of Haydn, a much freer use of dissonance is evident in the symphonies of Mahler.
B. In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, Mahler uses dissonance much more freely.
C. In Contrast to those of Haydn, the symphonies of Mahler demonstrate a much more free use of dissonance.
D. In contrast to Haydn's symphonies, Mahler's demonstrate a much freer use of dissonance.
E. In contrast with Haydn's symphonies, those of Mahler use dissonance much more freely.

Doubt - In every option 'Declaration' is compared to 'Conference'. Everywhere OA mentioned is A, but I doubt the quality of the question itself. What do u think?
In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties' Kyoto Protocol created legally binding obligations as a result of intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations.
A. In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties' Kyoto Protocol created legally binding obligations as a result of intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations
B. In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties had intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations, creating legally binding obligations in their Kyoto Protocol.
C. When compared with the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties had intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations creating legally binding obligations in the Kyoto Protocol.
D. Compared with the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties had intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations creating legally binding obligations in the Kyoto Protocol.
E. Compared to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the intensive third Conference of the Parties' negotiations among both developed and developing nations led to the creating of the Kyoto Protocol's legally binding obligations
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GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10155
Re: In Contrast To/ In Contrast With [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2014, 05:37
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10155
Re: In Contrast To/ In Contrast With [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2017, 02:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: In Contrast To/ In Contrast With   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2017, 02:39
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