It is currently 17 Oct 2017, 01:19

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Sep 2009
Posts: 356

Kudos [?]: 588 [0], given: 2

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2012, 12:14
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (00:48) correct 19% (01:08) wrong based on 139 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained

In D the phrase " have been" indicates passive voice. " Is have been apply to "remain economically viable. In that case we need " remained". please explain.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 588 [0], given: 2

Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Jun 2009
Posts: 441

Kudos [?]: 193 [0], given: 46

Location: United States (MA)
Re: verb tense [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2012, 12:24
D is the correct choice here.

Large steel plants are compared to small mills. So options A, B, C are out.

Among D and E, D uses correct tense of remain - present tense.

About your question, 'have been' doesn't indicate passive voice here. 'Remain' is parallel to 'put'.
"have been able to" is present perfect form of "to be able to"

Kudos [?]: 193 [0], given: 46

Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Sep 2009
Posts: 356

Kudos [?]: 588 [0], given: 2

Re: verb tense [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Aug 2012, 11:51
Hi

Thank you for your detailed explanation.

still I am not clear on this: About your question, 'have been' doesn't indicate passive voice here. 'Remain' is parallel to 'put'. "have been able to" is present perfect form of "to be able to".

I dont know how to spot parallelism here. When i saw verb " remained" , I assumed the subject of the verb "remained" must be "small firms". can you please suggest some tips on how to spot parallelism.

Thanks

Kudos [?]: 588 [0], given: 2

Manager
Status: SLOGGING : My son says,This time Papa u will have to make it : Innocence is BLISS
Joined: 16 Jan 2012
Posts: 206

Kudos [?]: 78 [0], given: 30

Location: India
WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities)
Re: verb tense [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Aug 2012, 13:49
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I dont know how to spot parallelism here. When i saw verb " remained" , I assumed the subject of the verb "remained" must be "small firms". can you please suggest some tips on how to spot parallelism.

subject is Small firms because as piya correctly shared her pointer , its a contrast ( between Large firms & Small mills ) , so we can zone in between D & E

In D n E ; remove the middle modifier & reread

D : Small firms have been able to PUT................AND............REMAIN.......

E : Small firms have been able to PUT...................AND...........REMAINED..........

you can always be in look out for markers such as AND / OR............. and then try to check the portions before / after AND ( they should be parallel )

Parallelism : more like A ( B+C) = AB + AC

A : SMALL FIRMS HAVE BEEN ABLE TO , B : Put , C : Remain/Remained

Now do a quick check wrt to the above equation substituting the individual variables:

LHS : Small firms have been able to ( PUT + REMAIN/REMAINED )

RHS for D : Small firms have been able to PUT ..............+........... Small firms have been able to remain

RHS for E : Small firms have been able to PUT ..............+........... Small firms have been able to REMAINED ( does this sound correct ?) = Eliminate

Kudos [?]: 78 [0], given: 30

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2311

Kudos [?]: 9024 [1], given: 335

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Aug 2012, 12:13
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi Tom,

The key to identify the correct intended parallel list in the sentence is to understand the logical intended meaning ofthe sentence. Here is the analysis of this question with all due importance to the intended meaning.

In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

• The sentence presents a contrast.
• Large steel plants process iron ore to produce several kinds of steel.
• Unlike them, small mills process steel scrap into specific products.
• This has enabled them to do two things:
o put capital into new technology.
o remain economically viable.

Error Analysis:

• In contrast to large steel plants
o that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel,
• (cont. of first clause.) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

The two entities contrasted in the idiom in use - in contrast to X, Y … are not logically parallel. X= large steel plants (noun phrase) which is not logically parallel to Y= processing steel scrap… (verb-ing phrase).

POE:

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining: Incorrect.
a. Same error as choice A.
b. Processing steel scrap has enabled small plants to – i) put capital into new technology and ii) remain economically viable. The two are independent purposes. “Remaining” ∦”to put”. Furthermore, this choice distorts the meaning. It unnecessarily links the two independent purposes. The choice now suggests that “remaining economically viable” is the result of the action of small mills “putting capital in the technology”. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence. Furthermore its not clear what is “remaining economically viable”. Per the structure of the sentence, “processing steel scrap” is remaining economically viable, but this is illogical.

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining: Incorrect. Same errors as in choice B.

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain: Correct.

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained: Incorrect. "to put" is not parallel "remained".

1. The two entities compared/ contrasted must be logically as well as grammatically parallel.
2. Identify the correct list in the sentence. You can identify the correct list if you have understood the intended meaning well.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9024 [1], given: 335

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1403

Kudos [?]: 158 [0], given: 916

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Feb 2013, 07:39
IT is uneasy to realize which meaning is correct when we face D and E.

the meaning cheating is brutal when we are in the test room and are tired.

any one has any tip for going against this cheating. ? pls explain.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Kudos [?]: 158 [0], given: 916

Intern
Joined: 09 Jul 2011
Posts: 19

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 8

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Feb 2013, 07:23
its'nt the usage of remain correct because small plants is a plural , or do we need any other reason to conclude on this being the correct choice

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 8

Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Nov 2010
Posts: 287

Kudos [?]: 173 [0], given: 75

Location: India
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Feb 2013, 22:11
ramanujanu wrote:
its'nt the usage of remain correct because small plants is a plural , or do we need any other reason to conclude on this being the correct choice

We chose "remain" to correct the parallelism:

have been able to put........ (to) remain
_________________

YOU CAN, IF YOU THINK YOU CAN

Kudos [?]: 173 [0], given: 75

Director
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 831

Kudos [?]: 281 [0], given: 61

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Mar 2013, 02:52
To Egmat : why cant we view the parallelism in E as follows :
E: small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) remained

in other words "have" can go along with "been able" and "remained"

Kudos [?]: 281 [0], given: 61

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2311

Kudos [?]: 9024 [0], given: 335

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Mar 2013, 11:32
To Egmat : why cant we view the parallelism in E as follows :
E: small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and (have) remained

in other words "have" can go along with "been able" and "remained"

Note that "been" is very much part of "have". The present perfect helping verb verb is "have been". To this you can add any verb in its participle form to create a proper verb in a sentence. In choice E, "have been able" is a correct verb but we cannot say "have been remained". Also, we just CANNOT choose to remove "been" for the sake of parallelism. If we need to keep helping verbs understood then we need to keep "have been" understood", not just anyone.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9024 [0], given: 335

Manager
Joined: 08 Nov 2014
Posts: 93

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 90

Location: India
GPA: 3
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jan 2015, 08:47
Please post the question by underlining the intended portion to be corrected

TomB wrote:
In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through all the steps needed to produce several different kinds of steel, processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain economically viable.

(A) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology and remain

(B) processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(C) the processing of steel scrap into a specialized group of products has enabled small mills to put capital into new technology, remaining

(D) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remain

(E) small mills, by processing steel scrap into a specialized group of products, have been able to put capital into new technology and remained

In D the phrase " have been" indicates passive voice. " Is have been apply to "remain economically viable. In that case we need " remained". please explain.

_________________

"Arise, Awake and Stop not till the goal is reached"

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 90

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10130

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 May 2016, 06:03
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Re: In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through   [#permalink] 31 May 2016, 06:03
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# In contrast to large steel plants that take iron ore through

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.