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# In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate

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06 May 2013, 03:55
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (05:45) correct 49% (01:47) wrong based on 412 sessions

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In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties' Kyoto Protocol created legally binding obligations as a result of intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations.

A. In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties' Kyoto Protocol created legally binding obligations as a result of intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations.

B. In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties had intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations, creating legally binding obligations in their Kyoto Protocol.

C. When compared with the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties had intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations creating legally binding obligations in the Kyoto Protocol.

D.Compared with the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties had intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations creating legally binding obligations in the Kyoto Protocol.

E. Compared to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the intensive third Conference of the Parties' negotiations among both developed and developing nations led to the creating of the Kyoto Protocol's legally binding obligations.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by thelosthippie on 07 May 2013, 02:05, edited 1 time in total.
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06 May 2013, 05:46
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thelosthippie wrote:
In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties' Kyoto Protocol created legally binding obligations as a result of intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations.

Correct idioms:
In contrast to/with x, y...
Compared to/with x, y...
"to" stresses similarities, "with" stresses differences. Not sure if GMAT allows for it.
C is out.
The original sentence informs that previous conferences didn't create something.
You can say "In contrast to/with x, y didn't".
You cannot say "compared to/with x, y didn't". You can compare somthing better to something worse, but you cannot compare something existing to something nonexisting.
D and E are out.
I got to this point and claim this problem a killer.

In contrast to the declarations [participial modifier], [a parallel here]

Quote:
A. In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties' Kyoto Protocol created legally binding obligations as a result of intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations.

The third conference of something created legally binding obligations, which are contrast to the declarations. "Declarations made" to "created obligations". I am picking A.
Quote:
B. In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate change conferences, the third Conference of the Parties had intensive negotiations among both developed and developing nations, creating legally binding obligations in their Kyoto Protocol.

Not parallel.

This is a problem that I would give up on the GMAT .
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07 May 2013, 03:25
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All answers choices begin with a modifying phrase that makes a comparison. In every case, something needs to be logically compared to or contrasted with previous "declarations". In overly complex and modifier-laden sentences like this, look to Slash and Burn unnecessary modifiers to identify the comparison being made. Answers B through D all illogically compare or contrast "declarations" with "the...Conference". Answer E compares "declarations" with "negotiations". Only the original sentence, answer A, correctly compares "declarations" to "Kyoto Protocol" (a specific declaration).
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07 May 2013, 06:41
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This is rather leading to a muddle. It is clear that the declarations are being compared and contrasted. They should be compared with something similar; As per terms of modification, whatever is modified must be placed next to the comma, to assert proper modification. the correct sentence structure should use a passive form such as--- binding obligations were created. But I don’t find such things in this example. On the other hand, declarations are contrasted with the third conference; the third conference is not a licit comparison with declarations. it must be noted that the third conference is just a part of proceedings of the KYOTO protocol, named after the place where proceedings were held. The third conference, a proceeding, cannot be compared with the declarations, an outcome of the proceeding per se; Anywya thanks to Veritas for giving us a thought provoking practice stuff. This is my honest opinion.
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09 Sep 2013, 22:27
daagh wrote:
This is rather leading to a muddle. It is clear that the declarations are being compared and contrasted. They should be compared with something similar; As per terms of modification, whatever is modified must be placed next to the comma, to assert proper modification. the correct sentence structure should use a passive form such as--- binding obligations were created. But I don’t find such things in this example. On the other hand, declarations are contrasted with the third conference; the third conference is not a licit comparison with declarations. it must be noted that the third conference is just a part of proceedings of the KYOTO protocol, named after the place where proceedings were held. The third conference, a proceeding, cannot be compared with the declarations, an outcome of the proceeding per se; Anywya thanks to Veritas for giving us a thought provoking practice stuff. This is my honest opinion.

Daagh, I completely with you on this one.
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Re: In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2013, 00:15
Brain teaser question:).

As Contrasted with or When Contrasted with is incorrect
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Re: In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2013, 08:17
Hi thelosthippie,
Can you pl post the official explanation to this problem.
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Re: In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2013, 08:09
dixitraghav wrote:
Hi thelosthippie,
Can you pl post the official explanation to this problem.

dixitraghav - the OE is posted above per thelosthippie.
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Re: In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate [#permalink]

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15 May 2015, 09:35
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate [#permalink]

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16 May 2015, 00:30
B,c,d, have "had" which shows wrong tense and E has meaning error compared to A ... Hence A
Re: In contrast to the declarations made at previous UN climate   [#permalink] 16 May 2015, 00:30
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