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# In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 03:43
ANS A

The original sentence is correct

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 08:30
lets cut the chase: only in A there is comparison of apples with apples - trade imbalance of China with Japan compared with trade deficit (imbalance) of US with Mexico
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NOTE: I am not an expert, therefore my analysis answering the questions may be incorrect and may not be relied upon. However I will appreciate if you can correct the mistakes I may have made in my analysis.

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2017, 18:57
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CasperMonday wrote:
In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with china and japan, the United states trade deficit with Mexico declined by \$500 million as a result of record exports to that country

A- Same
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by \$500million
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by \$500 million
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by \$500million
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a \$500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

People say that this question is from GMATPrep. Has anyone come across it? What is the official answer, please? Honestly, I can't figure it out. Thank you for any explanations.

A. Correct.
B. "Trade imbalances" are incorrectly compared to a country.
C. "Trade imbalances" are incorrectly compared to a country.
D. "Trade imbalances" are incorrectly compared to a country.

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 00:01
Top Contributor
It is common that the trade deficit of a particular country with another country will shrink when exports to that another country go up. Here the exporter is the US and the importer is Mexico. Therefore, exports to 'that' country will only mean exports to Mexico; After all, can the US have a trade deficit with itself?
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 02:02
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 22:25
IMO A
B- In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states sold record exports to Mexico,reducing its trade deficit by \$500million use of it ambiguous.
C- When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with china and Japan, the United states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by \$500 million use of their is wrong also use of when is wrong as there is no timeline.
D- Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan , the united states sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by \$500million wrong comparison between trade imbalances and a country.[/color]
E- Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan,the United states record exports to mexico caused a \$500 million decline in trade deficit with that country. [color=#00a651]wrong comparison between trade imbalances and a country.

Also compared with is used to show similarity between two similar things
compared with is used to show similarity between two dissimilar things.

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 07:06
Why is there no " 'S " in choice A --- "the United State's trade deficit" (please notice " 's ").

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 11:02
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Expert's post
HKD1710 wrote:
Why is there no " 'S " in choice A --- "the United State's trade deficit" (please notice " 's ").

It would definitely be wrong to write "the United State's" here, since the country's full name is "the United States" with an "s" on the end. (Similar: if we're trying to say that some weirdo named Charles has a huge appetite, it would be wrong to refer to "Charle's huge appetite.")

Beyond that: well, there's some grey area with the possessive here, but it's completely irrelevant on the GMAT. The GMAT will never test you on the correct placement of an apostrophe for a possessive noun that already ends in "s." The GMAT really doesn't care if you'd write "Charles's amazing appetite" (correct), "Charles' amazing appetite" (often considered incorrect a generation ago, but generally accepted now), or "Charle's amazing appetite" (definitely wrong). The test has more important things to worry about.

If we're talking about the trade deficit of the United States, though, we have a funny habit of omitting the apostrophe completely. I'm not sure why we do that, to be honest. We would talk about "Mexico's economy" (with an apostrophe to indicate that "Mexico" is possessive) or "the Mexican economy" (with "Mexican" functioning as an adjective), but we tend to just say "the United States economy" or "the United States trade deficit." Technically, an apostrophe would be fine for those last two, but we tend to omit it.

But again: this isn't anything to worry about, since it's not ever going to be a deciding factor on a GMAT question.

I hope this helps!
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2017, 08:05
Compared with is used to show similarity/difference b/w two LIKE things
Compared to is used show similarity b/w to dissimilar things.

Can someone give examples for the above? Where can I find more information on this?

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In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2017, 08:47
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The structure here is: In contrast to X, Y...

Keep in mind that X and Y must be comparable. A is the only correct answer if you apply this rule. ("the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan" and "the U.S. trade deficit with Mexico" are comparable)

Moreover, "When compared with" and "Compared with" are awkward. "Compared to" is acceptable but in this case, E is wrong.

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2017, 09:01
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pra1785 wrote:
Compared with is used to show similarity/difference b/w two LIKE things
Compared to is used show similarity b/w to dissimilar things.

Can someone give examples for the above? Where can I find more information on this?

Hi pra1785,

The difference quoted is not ideal to choose between two choices. GMAT will not give you two choices that only differes in the usage of COMPARED TO & COMPARED WITH. Both compared to and compared with are correct.

For more on this, you can watch RON's explanation (Watch the video at 01:16 hrs) -

P.S. - Do the questions on your own before watching RON explaining the answers for them. That way you'll learn this concept quickly

Hope it helps!
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In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2017, 04:39
Hello, I was wondering if I could get some help with understanding the solution to this question. Sentence Correction is by far my weakest section, and I feel in this case all the answers are wrong.

In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by \$500 million as a result of record exports to that country.

(A) In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States trade deficit with Mexico declined by \$500 million as a result of record exports to that country.

(B) In contrast to ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing its trade deficit by \$500 million.

(C) When compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing their trade deficit by \$500 million.

(D) Compared with ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States sold record exports to Mexico, reducing the trade deficit by \$500 million.

(E) Compared to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the United States record exports to Mexico caused a \$500 million decline in trade deficit with that country.

The answer is "A", but I feel that the ending of "to that country" is completely unidiomatic. Contextually it is very obvious the exports are between the US and Mexico, and "to that country" just sounds out of place and redundant.

Can someone convince me of why this is correct? SC seems to be so tricky in cases like this where there is no clear grammar rule violation except that you would not talk/write like this in real life.

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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2017, 05:13
Comparison question. Only A fits the bill.
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Re: In contrast to the ongoing trade imbalances with China and Japan, the   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2017, 05:13

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