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# In cooperation with the school system, exceptional children

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Manager
Joined: 25 Jan 2005
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In cooperation with the school system, exceptional children [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2005, 20:47
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In cooperation with the school system, exceptional children requiring one-to-one contact are offered assistance by professional instructors in the program.

(A) In cooperation with the school system, exceptional children requiring one-to-one contact are offered assistance by professional instructors in the program.
(B) In cooperation with the school system, the program offers assistance by professional instructors to exceptional children requiring one - to-one contact.
( C ) In the program which is in cooperation with the school system, professional instructors are offering assistance to exceptional children requiring one -to-one contact.
(D) Exceptional children requiring one - to-one contact are offered assistance by professional instructors in the program, which is in cooperation with the school system.
(E) Exceptional children requiring one-to-one contact, in cooperation with the school system, are being offered assistance by professional instructors In the program

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SVP
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Re: SC - School Program [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2005, 22:06
(A) In cooperation with the school system, exceptional children requiring one-to-one contact are offered assistance by professional instructors in the program.
Children in coorperastion with system
Wrong

(B) In cooperation with the school system, the program offers assistance by professional instructors to exceptional children requiring one - to-one contact.
program offers assistance, seems wrong

( C ) In the program which is in cooperation with the school system, professional instructors are offering assistance to exceptional children requiring one -to-one contact.
are offering seems wrong

(D) Exceptional children requiring one - to-one contact are offered assistance by professional instructors in the program, which is in cooperation with the school system.
Seems ok, but the which clause is a little awkward?

(E) Exceptional children requiring one-to-one contact, in cooperation with the school system, are being offered assistance by professional instructors In the program
children cooperate with system again, wrong

I'd pick (D).

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Director
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27 Jan 2005, 02:19
D for me.

Why do we always seem to eliminate an option whenever we see the word 'being'? i know it signals continous action.

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Manager
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27 Jan 2005, 03:43
I go for D too.even though "which" seems a bit fishy.

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Re: SC - School Program [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2005, 06:45
aryan wrote:
In cooperation with the school system, exceptional children requiring one-to-one contact are offered assistance by professional instructors in the program.

(A) In cooperation with the school system, exceptional children requiring one-to-one contact are offered assistance by professional instructors in the program.
(B) In cooperation with the school system, the program offers assistance by professional instructors to exceptional children requiring one - to-one contact.
( C ) In the program which is in cooperation with the school system, professional instructors are offering assistance to exceptional children requiring one -to-one contact.
(D) Exceptional children requiring one - to-one contact are offered assistance by professional instructors in the program, which is in cooperation with the school system.
(E) Exceptional children requiring one-to-one contact, in cooperation with the school system, are being offered assistance by professional instructors In the program

I prefer B
(A) (C) dangling
(E) being is redundant
(D) I don't know. maybe passive voice or comma is needless.

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Manager
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27 Jan 2005, 14:53
OA is B.
I don't have explanation.

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Director
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27 Jan 2005, 23:12
Here we go

This question is testing two main grammer rules
Active voice construction
Correct use of modifiers

in choice B we have

In cooperation with the school system ( Appositive phrase) , the program offers assistance by professional instructors (prepositional phrase modifying assistance) to exceptional children requiring one - to-one contact.

As you see, other choices either have error with voice construction or have misplaced modifiers
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Praveen

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27 Jan 2005, 23:48
I also picked B here. The reason why D sounds awkward is because what comes after a prepositional phrase is supposed to modify the subject of the preceding clause rather than the subject of the prepositional phrase. You'll see with this example:

professional instructors in the program, which is in cooperation with the school system.

In red is the prepositional phrase. The relative clause(or any following verb) should refer to the subject to keep the logical flow. This is because if you remove the prepositional phrase, the relative clause will have no reason for being. To make D sound better, the relative clause would instead be "merged" with the prepositional phrase as follows:

professional instructors in the school system cooperative program
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Paul

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27 Jan 2005, 23:55
You mean which in D refers to the instructors instead of the program grammatically?

So the following is correct:
I have some flowers with thorns, which smells really nice

and the following is wrong:
I have some flowers with thorns, which would give you nasty stings

Is that understanding correct?

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28 Jan 2005, 14:36
Thanks for correcting me Honghu. I think your examples made me realize that it is just ambiguous to have a relative clause after a prepositional phrase. As shown by your example:

I have some flowers with thorns, which would give you nasty stings

Is it the flowers or the thorns which give you the stings? Both can and the "which" clause seems to have ambiguous referent. Instead, I would make the relative clause become and adjective so that it is clear which is stingy.

ie I have some stingy flowers with thorns
ie I have some flowers with stingy thorns

I think it is why D sounds weird. It's just the relative clause is just dangling at the end of the sentence and seems disjunct from the rest. Instead, transforming the relative clause into an introductory modifier, as B does, is much better syntaxically(and more concise). What do you think?
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Paul

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28 Jan 2005, 16:13
Ahh thank you. This makes great sense. Thanks for the nice discussion.

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28 Jan 2005, 18:00
DLMD wrote:
would someone tell me why C is wrong?

C has typical "dangling/misplaced modifier" problem. It sounds as if it were the "professional instructors" who were "in the programs"
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Paul

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29 Jan 2005, 07:52
Paul wrote:
Thanks for correcting me Honghu. I think your examples made me realize that it is just ambiguous to have a relative clause after a prepositional phrase. As shown by your example:

I have some flowers with thorns, which would give you nasty stings

Is it the flowers or the thorns which give you the stings? Both can and the "which" clause seems to have ambiguous referent. Instead, I would make the relative clause become and adjective so that it is clear which is stingy.

ie I have some stingy flowers with thorns
ie I have some flowers with stingy thorns

I think it is why D sounds weird. It's just the relative clause is just dangling at the end of the sentence and seems disjunct from the rest. Instead, transforming the relative clause into an introductory modifier, as B does, is much better syntaxically(and more concise). What do you think?

Hello, Paul,

I think this time in choice D there is no ambiguous problem.
Because the verb is clearly modify the program.
Even so, I'm still totally agree with your above-mentioned opinion.

By the way, if we compare with choice B and D more carefully, we can find the only difference between them is passive or active voice.

In choice B, we can clearly discern that the program assists childern; however, in choice D, we cannot know who assist children. I think it's a bit of difference.

Any idea ?

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29 Jan 2005, 08:28
I totally agree chunjuwu. Active vs passive voice clearly has something to do here.
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Paul

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29 Jan 2005, 08:28
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