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In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and develop

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In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and develop  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Mar 2019, 00:48
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In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and developed, the rate of obesity is much higher than that in developing countries. Researchers hypothesize that, perhaps, this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries.

The hypothesis of researchers depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Obesity is genetically transmitted malady.
(B) Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for obesity is equal for residents of developing and developed countries
(C) most activities characterized as "leisure time" in developed countries are inherently boring.
(D) Certain medication that effectively treats obesity are not readily available in developing countries
(E) Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure.

Originally posted by JasleenKahlon on 09 Mar 2019, 22:00.
Last edited by Gladiator59 on 10 Mar 2019, 00:48, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and develop  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2019, 00:59
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JasleenKahlon, this is a hypothesis or assumption type question - so the correct answer would be a strong proponent necessary to conclude what the argument states.
Let's break down the argument -
1. In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and developed, the rate of obesity is much higher than that in developing countries. (Background) Developed country rate > developing country rate.
2. Researches hypothesize ( conjecture or state a belief) that this could be "this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries".
So the conclusion of the argument is this - Developed countries have a higher rate of obesity due to increased leisure time afforded to residents

Now we need to proceed and try to find a gap in this jump from background to the conclusion - the thing that fills the gap will be our correct assumption!

Looks at the options -
(A) Obesity is genetically transmitted malady. Okay, this partially weakens the conclusion & does not explain why we would see more of it in developed vs. developing. Discard.
(B) Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for obesity is equal for residents of developing and developed countries Looks good. If this were not true - it could mean that the rate is more only due to the fact that more cases are caught and reported. The developing countries on the other hand are in the dark about the actual number of cases of obesity. BINGO.
(C) most activities characterized as "leisure time" in developed countries are inherently boring. Out of scope - remember our scope is to fill the gap related to "conclusion" mentioned above.
(D) Certain medication that effectively treats obesity are not readily available in developing countries Again - reverse logic - this should help us weaken the conclusion & not strengthen it & hence it cannot be an assumption.
(E) Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure. TRAP - this does seem to fit with the "leisure time spending" rhetoric but it still does not say how the two are related. The gap still exists between the conclusion & the premise/background. Not as strong a candidate as B

Hope this helps. :-)
JasleenKahlon wrote:
In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and developed, the rate of obesity is much higher than that in developing countries. Researchers hypothesize that, perhaps, this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries.

The hypothesis of researchers depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Obesity is genetically transmitted malady.
(B) Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for obesity is equal for residents of developing and developed countries
(C) most activities characterized as "leisure time" in developed countries are inherently boring.
(D) Certain medication that effectively treats obesity are not readily available in developing countries
(E) Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure.

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Re: In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and develop  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2019, 12:29
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JasleenKahlon wrote:
In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and developed, the rate of obesity is much higher than that in developing countries. Researchers hypothesize that, perhaps, this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries.

The hypothesis of researchers depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Obesity is genetically transmitted malady.
(B) Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for obesity is equal for residents of developing and developed countries
(C) most activities characterized as "leisure time" in developed countries are inherently boring.
(D) Certain medication that effectively treats obesity are not readily available in developing countries
(E) Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure.


B is correct because if access to accurate diagnostic procedures for obesity is not equal for residents of developing and developed countries, then developing countries may be under reporting the rate of obesity or developed countries may be over reporting the rate of obesity, meaning the conclusion that difference in rates of obesity is due to the availability of leisure time fails.
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Re: In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and develop  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2019, 04:17
JasleenKahlon wrote:
In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and developed, the rate of obesity is much higher than that in developing countries. Researchers hypothesize that, perhaps, this difference is due to the increased leisure time afforded to residents of developed countries.

The hypothesis of researchers depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Obesity is genetically transmitted malady.
(B) Access to accurate diagnostic procedures for obesity is equal for residents of developing and developed countries
(C) most activities characterized as "leisure time" in developed countries are inherently boring.
(D) Certain medication that effectively treats obesity are not readily available in developing countries
(E) Few residents of developing countries dedicate any of their time to leisure.


B is the correct answer, because if accurate diagnostic procedures for obesity are not equal for residents of developing and developed countries, then developing countires may very well be underreporting the rate of obesity.
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Re: In countries such as Denmark, which is relatively advanced and develop   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2019, 04:17
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