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# In countries where automobile insurance includes

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Intern
Joined: 11 May 2006
Posts: 15
In countries where automobile insurance includes [#permalink]

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13 May 2006, 18:26
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In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Some commentators have argued, correctly, that since there is presently no objective test for whiplash, spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. These commentators are, however, wrong to draw the further conclusion that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious: clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion drawn to support the judgment reached by the argument on the accuracy of that finding.
B. The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence that has been used to challenge the accuracy of that finding.
C. The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument criticizes.
D. The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a narrower claim that the argument accepts.
E. The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.

thanks a lot!
Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Mar 2006
Posts: 444

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13 May 2006, 21:39
Easy C
Director
Joined: 10 Oct 2005
Posts: 526
Location: US

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13 May 2006, 23:20
It's C.

Take a look at the first bold face.

It is clearly finding and not claim. So D and E are out.

A and B states that the argument evaluates accuracy of the bold face 1 that is not true. Argument never contests the fact, on the other hand, it explains the outcome of the finding. So C is right.
Director
Joined: 24 Oct 2005
Posts: 659
Location: London

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15 May 2006, 03:01
Yes, go with C too.
Director
Joined: 13 Nov 2003
Posts: 789
Location: BULGARIA

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15 May 2006, 06:30
I preffer A).
In C there are implications that i can not see.
Director
Joined: 16 Aug 2005
Posts: 938
Location: France

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15 May 2006, 07:03
Its C

The findings is accurate, its implications are at issue
SVP
Joined: 30 Mar 2006
Posts: 1728

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17 May 2006, 04:36
Will go with C here.

"the second is an intermediate conclusion that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument criticizes"
The agrees that some commentators are right in saying that reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified since no objective test is available. This is an intermediate conclusion.
The author also refutes that using the intermediate conclusion you cannot draw another conclusion that is "half of the reported cases are spurious"
Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2005
Posts: 65

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17 May 2006, 11:36
I think (A) is correct choice
Manager
Joined: 10 May 2006
Posts: 125

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17 May 2006, 15:49
freshlily wrote:
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Some commentators have argued, correctly, that since there is presently no objective test for whiplash, spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. These commentators are, however, wrong to draw the further conclusion that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious: clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion drawn to support the judgment reached by the argument on the accuracy of that finding.
B. The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence that has been used to challenge the accuracy of that finding.
C. The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is an intermediate conclusion that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument criticizes.
D. The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a narrower claim that the argument accepts.
E. The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.

thanks a lot!

"D"
Manager
Joined: 28 Mar 2006
Posts: 157

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18 May 2006, 07:21
A says ...second is an intermediate conclusion drawn to support the judgment reached by the argument on the accuracy of that finding.

while B says to criticize the argument.

However the argument is that we cannt judge whther those cases are fake or genuine.

A seems to be the ight option to me.
18 May 2006, 07:21
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