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In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whip

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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whip [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 07:34
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hazelnut wrote:
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently; no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.

(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.

(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

(D) The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.

(E) The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate.

GMATNinja This question was tricky. Could you help to identify the conclusion and the claim presented in the argument?

The conclusion of the passage, though a bit hidden, is contained in the sentence beginning with "Nevertheless...":

    "{The facts presented in the first and second sentences} do not warrant the {inference} drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious."

The author claims that "in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered." This claim is presented as an argument against the inference drawn by some commentators.
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whip [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2017, 08:53
thanhnd3103 wrote:
punta wrote:
I'm trying to put these answer choices in layman's terms for better understanding. Please help comment on it. Thanks!

C. The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is the position that the argument defends
- a conclusion that the argument accepts: means a conclusion that nowhere in the argument the author refutes it.
- the position that the argument defends: means the main conclusion of the argument

D. The first is an intermediate conclusion that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument defends; the second is the position that the argument opposes
- a conclusion that the argument defends: means a conclusion that the argument accepts, not necessarily the main conclusion


I agree with the explanation on C. Therefore, as I think the author does not reject the conclusion drawn from the 1st boldface, I chose C.

About D., the conclusion that the argument defends = supports = concludes, opposes = against. Of course the 2nd boldface is the main conclusion. Therefore, D can't be the answer


It's as if GMAT itself doesn't even know the answer to this question. It has different answers here and here

https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-countries ... 02322.html

https://gmatclub.com/forum/bf-in-countr ... 31033.html

They did switch the answer choices in each question.

A) The first part is true and the second part is that conclusion so A seems correct
B) Is definitely not a position the argument defends
C) The first part is not correct because the conclusion they use this to support the author doesn't accept. The argument doesn't defend this position
D) The first is an intermediate conclusion but its used to support a conclusion that the argument doesn't defend. The second part is correct
E) The author doesn't dispute this claim so E is wrong.

Leaving A as the right answer.

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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whip [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2017, 01:55
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whip [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2017, 07:13
Imo D
In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whiplash injuries sustained in automobile accidents, reports of having suffered such injuries are twice as frequent as they are in countries where whiplash is not covered. Presently; no objective test for whiplash exists, so it is true that spurious reports of whiplash injuries cannot be readily identified. Nevertheless, these facts do not warrant the conclusion drawn by some commentators that in the countries with the higher rates of reported whiplash injuries, half of the reported cases are spurious. Clearly, in countries where automobile insurance does not include compensation for whiplash, people often have little incentive to report whiplash injuries that they actually have suffered.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a claim that the argument disputes; the second is a conclusion that has been based on that claim.

(B) The first is a claim that has been used to support a conclusion that the argument accepts; the second is that conclusion.

(C) The first is evidence that has been used to support a conclusion for which the argument provides further evidence; the second is the main conclusion of the argument.

(D) The first is a finding whose implications are at issue in the argument; the second is a claim presented in order to argue against deriving certain implications from that finding.

(E) The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate.

Option D gives the relation between the two statements .
Statement is proved to faulty based on a faulty reasoning , second provides fact to prove statement 1 is wrong

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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whip [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 03:46
MY FIRST CHOICE WAS E.THEN I AGAIN READ OPTION D.IN D,THERE IS WRITTEN "IN ORDER TO ARGUE AGAINST DERIVING CERTAIN IMPLICATIONS FROM THAT FINDING"
THAT TEMPTED ME TO GO FOR IT.BUT I WANT TO KNOW WHATS THE PROBLEM WITH OPTION E

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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whip [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 16:13
Answer is Clearly D
B,C eliminated as they are telling about support.
E is out because accuracy is not evaluated of first boldface.
remains A and D
A is out because 2nd boldface is not based on 1st bold face.
D is the answer
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whip [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 00:48
JAIN09 wrote:
MY FIRST CHOICE WAS E.THEN I AGAIN READ OPTION D.IN D,THERE IS WRITTEN "IN ORDER TO ARGUE AGAINST DERIVING CERTAIN IMPLICATIONS FROM THAT FINDING"
THAT TEMPTED ME TO GO FOR IT.BUT I WANT TO KNOW WHATS THE PROBLEM WITH OPTION E

Quote:
(E) The first is a finding whose accuracy is evaluated in the argument; the second is evidence presented to establish that the finding is accurate.

The first BF portion does describe a finding; however, the accuracy of that finding is not evaluated in the argument. The second BF portion is a claim, not evidence. In any case, the 2nd BF portion certainly does not tell us whether the finding in the 1st BF portion is accurate.

The author's argument is based on the finding in the 1st BF portion but does not question or dispute the accuracy or truth of that finding (just as premises are not questioned in other passages). Therefore, choice (E) can be eliminated.
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Re: In countries where automobile insurance includes compensation for whip   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2017, 00:48

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