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# In countries where government officials are neither selected by free

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 50619
In countries where government officials are neither selected by free  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2018, 00:42
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

63% (01:59) correct 37% (02:13) wrong based on 129 sessions

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In countries where government officials are neither selected by free elections nor open to criticism by a free press, the lives of citizens are controlled by policies they have had no role in creating. This is why such countries are prone to civil disorder, in spite of the veneer of calm such countries often present to a visitor. When people do not understand the purpose of the restrictions placed on their behavior they have a greater tendency to engage in civil disorder as an expression of their frustration.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) People who have had a role in making the laws that govern their own behavior act more rationally than those who have not.

(B) A free press is better able to convey to citizens the purpose of government policy than is a press controlled by the government.

(C) Civil disorder cannot be prevented by security forces alone, however great the powers granted them by the government.

(D) People tend not to understand the purpose of restrictions unless they participate in their formulation.

(E) Civil disorder does not generally occur in countries that have either free elections or a free press.

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Re: In countries where government officials are neither selected by free  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2018, 02:27
+1 for D.

Conclusion of the stimulus : When people do not understand the purpose of the restrictions placed on their behavior they have a greater tendency to engage in civil disorder as an expression of their frustration.

(D) People tend not to understand the purpose of restrictions unless they participate in their formulation. --> Correct, negate the option and see how it affects the conclusion

Hence, D.
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Re: In countries where government officials are neither selected by free  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2018, 20:18
B,C,and E are irrelevant .

It is between A and D.

(A) People who have had a role in making the laws that govern their own behavior act more rationally than those who have not.
Negate this:-
"People who have had a role in making the laws that govern their own behavior act NO MORE rationally than those who have not."
This also means they act equally or less than than those who have not had a role in making the laws.
This in either case will not hamper the argument.

(D) People tend not to understand the purpose of restrictions unless they participate in their formulation.
Negate this:-
People tend not to TO understand the purpose of restrictions unless they participate in their formulation.
If people are understanding the purpose of restrictions unless they participate in their formulation,this would hamper the conclusion.

Therefore D is the correct answer.
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Re: In countries where government officials are neither selected by free &nbs [#permalink] 11 Jul 2018, 20:18
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