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In court society, the awareness of social distinctions

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In court society, the awareness of social distinctions  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2016, 04:14
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A
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D
E

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In court society, the awareness of social distinctions and knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction, led to the refinements associated with the modern notion of civilization.


a, knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction
b, to know how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, skills which were assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and with formal instruction
c, restrained behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill assiduously inculcated through observing, imitating, and formal instructing
d, the knowledge about how one should restrain one's behavior in nobility's presence, a skill assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction
e, the knowledge of how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction

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Re: In court society, the awareness of social distinctions  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2016, 14:24
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prasadyanz wrote:
In court society, the awareness of social distinctions and knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction, led to the refinements associated with the modern notion of civilization.


a, knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction
b, to know how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, skills which were assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and with formal instruction
c, restrained behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill assiduously inculcated through observing, imitating, and formal instructing
d, the knowledge about how one should restrain one's behavior in nobility's presence, a skill assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction
e, the knowledge of how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction


A. Awareness and knowing are not parallel.

B. Awareness and to know are not parallel.

C. The meaning is changed. This option implies that awareness of social distinctions and restrained behavior led to the refinements. But the intended meaning is that awareness of social distinctions and knowledge of restrained behavior led to the refinements.

D. The usage one should restrain one's behavior is wrong. Since one is an indefinite pronoun the intended meaning is distorted - The first one may not be the same person as the second one. For example, someone's father is someone's son. Here both someone's are definitely not same. This is a typical characteristic of all indefinite pronouns such as one, someone, anybody etc. if they are used twice in a sentence, both occurrences need not refer to the same person.

E. Rectifies all the above errors. Awareness and knowledge are parallel.
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New post 14 Mar 2016, 01:02
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D in particular is primarily inferior because of the use of the idiom ' knowledge about’, rather than more preferred 'knowledge of'. In addition 'knowledge about' is unparallel with 'awareness of'. Yet again, the presence of nobility is preferable to nobility's presence, as the meaning conveyed here is that of 'in front of nobility' rather than of ‘when nobility is present'. E is therefore notionally better than D.
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Re: In court society, the awareness of social distinctions  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2016, 21:14
prasadyanz wrote:
In court society, the awareness of social distinctions and knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction, led to the refinements associated with the modern notion of civilization.


a, knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction
b, to know how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, skills which were assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and with formal instruction
c, restrained behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill assiduously inculcated through observing, imitating, and formal instructing
d, the knowledge about how one should restrain one's behavior in nobility's presence, a skill assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction
e, the knowledge of how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction



Hello Sayantan/Daagh,

Would you mind explaining-how 'a skill' is correct in E when we have 2 skills?
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Re: In court society, the awareness of social distinctions  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2016, 05:14
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Are there really two skills or just one? Awareness, as far as I know is an understanding or perception; It is not so much of a skill as a knowledge that one always acquires. Therefore, I feel a skill is acceptable. Structurally, an appositive modifier will modify the nearest noun rather than along with any other nouns nested with the nearest noun.
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Re: In court society, the awareness of social distinctions  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2016, 07:46
daagh wrote:
KS15
Hi
Are there really two skills or just one? Awareness, as far as I know is an understanding or perception; It is not so much of a skill as a knowledge that one always acquires. Therefore, I feel a skill is acceptable. Structurally, an appositive modifier will modify the nearest noun rather than along with any other nouns nested with the nearest noun.

This is really subtle and I always have a hard time with these. Can we not substitute "awareness of social distinctions" with "knowledge of social distinctions"? Is there a difference?

Because then, we are basically talking about knowledge of social distinctions and knowledge of how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility. So, then the question asked above becomes indeed very relevant that why is "a skill" used?

Also, can someone post what is the official explanation. May be that will also throw some more light.
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Re: In court society, the awareness of social distinctions  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2016, 12:11
Parallel construction :
the awareness of social distinctions and the knowledge of.......
Only choice is E.

Is this explanation sufficient ?
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Re: In court society, the awareness of social distinctions  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 21:10
prasadyanz wrote:
In court society, the awareness of social distinctions and knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction, led to the refinements associated with the modern notion of civilization.


a, knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction
b, to know how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, skills which were assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and with formal instruction
c, restrained behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill assiduously inculcated through observing, imitating, and formal instructing
d, the knowledge about how one should restrain one's behavior in nobility's presence, a skill assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction
e, the knowledge of how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction


Hi GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja

Can you please help me to clarify my doubt.

In this question, I get the Idea of Parallelism i.e. awareness of & knowledge of.. but I fail to understand the usage of "was". the knowledge of how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility - Its still a skill which is inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction.
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Re: In court society, the awareness of social distinctions  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2018, 23:26
prasadyanz wrote:
In court society, the awareness of social distinctions and knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction, led to the refinements associated with the modern notion of civilization.



a, knowing how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction

b, to know how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, skills which were assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and with formal instruction

c, restrained behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill assiduously inculcated through observing, imitating, and formal instructing

d, the knowledge about how one should restrain one's behavior in nobility's presence, a skill assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction

e, the knowledge of how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction


Hence (E)
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Re: In court society, the awareness of social distinctions  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 19:16
I can see E (OA) is correct for all the reasons explained. I have a doubt regarding choice "E", how can we insert an independent clause inside another independent clause without connecting it properly as it is done in choice E.

e, the knowledge of how to restrain one's behavior in the presence of nobility, a skill which was assiduously inculcated through observation, imitation, and formal instruction

Please help me in understanding my knowledge gap, if any!
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Re: In court society, the awareness of social distinctions   [#permalink] 04 Dec 2018, 19:16
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