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# In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no

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03 Oct 2010, 21:40
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29 Mar 2011, 07:17
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Here is an another angle to this Q

Point1. The test- driving occurred prior to pleading. So that must be expressed in either a past perfect or some such equivalent expression that brings out that priorness

Point 2. ‘Disconnected motors’ is inferior to ‘odometers that were disconnected, because the former gives a feeling as if there is some special kind of odometers such as disconnected odometers and connected odometers.

B and D are in contention. But B suffers from using the inelegant phrase ‘disconnected odometers’.

D is a better choice for clearly bringing out that the tests had been carried out prior to pleading by marking the tests as ‘having test-driven’ and for using the more acceptable ‘ their odometers disconnected’
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29 Mar 2011, 07:34
D wins because of ||ism. Charges of ( ing and ing ) ie tampering and having

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19 Nov 2015, 21:18
whichscore wrote:
In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no contest to criminal
charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than \$16 million in civil
damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers
(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers
(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected
(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers

well, it's illogical to say that the company paid damages for cars...
maybe it paid for having cars with no odometers?

A,B, and C - out.

between D and E - D is the winner.
E changes the meaning:
having cars
cars that were test driven with disconnected odometers -- again, same mistake as in A,B,and C - company paid damages for having cars...no

D - company paid damages for having cars with their odometers disconnected!!!
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10 Mar 2016, 22:06
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no contest to criminal charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than \$16 million in civil damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected.

Understanding the intended meaning of the sentence is the key to get to the correct answer choice. The automobile manufacturer agreed to pay the fine for its action. It agreed to pay for the action of test-driving the cars which had their odometers disconnected.

Per the original choice, the auto manufacturers agreed to pay fine for the cars and not for their action. This distorts the intended meaning of the sentence.

PoE:

(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers: Incorrect. Same error as in choice A.

(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers: Incorrect. Same error as in choice A.

(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected: Correct. This choice correctly conveys the action for which the auto manufacturers agreed to pay the fine.

(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers: Incorrect. Per this choice, the auto manufacturers agreed to pay the fine for “having cars”. This is not the intended meaning.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

In (E), I thought that "that were test driven" modifies "cars" so the meaning will not be different from (D). Is there any different between "test driven cars" and "cars that were test driven" .
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Updated on: 11 Mar 2016, 09:11
The intent is clear here. The fine is for doing the crime of test driving cars whose odometers had been disconnected with an ulterior motive. The fine is not either for having the cars that were test-driven or for possessing the cars that were test-driven. The company can also escape if its cars were test driven not necessarily by the company but maybe even by some other entity. Only D establishes that the manufacturer itself did the crime. Hence D survies.
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Originally posted by daagh on 11 Mar 2016, 08:33.
Last edited by daagh on 11 Mar 2016, 09:11, edited 1 time in total.
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11 Mar 2016, 08:51
daagh wrote:
The intent is clear here. The fine is for doing the crime of test driving cars whose odometers had been disconnected with an ulterior motive. The fine is not either for having the cars that were test-driven or for possessing the cars that were test-driven. The company can also escape if its cars were test driven not necessarily by the company but maybe even by some other entity. Only D establishes that the manufacturer itself did the crime. Hence D scurvies.

Thanks Daagh,
I understand now!
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31 Jul 2017, 12:27
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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30 Nov 2017, 07:31
I disagree with majority here:

*having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected* this doesn't necessarily convey that this event happened prior to the pleading.

If this said *having SOLD test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected*, then I would be a lot more inclined to pick this choice.

IMO this isn't a good question, move on folks.
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30 Nov 2017, 12:15
bsv180985 wrote:
In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no contest to criminal charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than \$16 million in civil damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers
(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers
(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected
(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers

In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no contest to criminal charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than \$16 million in civil damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected

Manufacturer was not agreed to pay for cars but for having test-driven cars with disconnected odometers - A, B & C out

(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers
(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers
(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected - test driven is correctley modifying cars without odometers - correct choice
(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers - chnages the meaning
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11 Feb 2018, 03:37
bsv180985 wrote:
In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no contest to criminal charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than \$16 million in civil damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers
(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers
(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected
(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers

E is the correct. E is correct mainly for a matter of meaning.
"An automobile manufacture .. agreed to pay more than \$16 million - for which reason ---> for having tested-driven car ...

In A and B, it seems that an automobile manufacture paid only for the cars with their odometers and not for what it did.
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03 Mar 2018, 00:54
serbiano wrote:
OA - D.

They've paid for HAVING TEST DRIVEN CARS,
not for cars or for having cars.

Thanks for the explanation.
But how did you infer that the automobile manufacturer will test drive the cars that had tampered odometers?
The manufacturer's job is to manufacture something and the test drive would be done by the customer?
So I think A should be the answer.
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29 Mar 2018, 17:43
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Meaning issue..
The damages are NOT for cars itself but for DRIVING cars without odometer.
Hence FOR should be followed by something to do with driving car and not just car..
Eliminate A,B and C.
Even E has a meaning issue.
D clearly mentions that the civil damages were for having test driven cars without odometer.
D
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