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In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no

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Re: pronoun ? [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2011, 05:51
odometers disconnected vs dsconnected odometers, latter seems to say as if it was a part of the car and test drives were done on it. former is preferable
between A D now,
also in options A & B, for cars that were/it seem to convey as if the compnay dint volunatarily remove the meters, it just happened and it wa spaying up for it. but as the sentecne says it was a no contest case, compnay was at fault.
D coveys this meaning, having test driven cars -the company knew tht was happening.
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Re: pronoun ? [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2011, 06:17
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Here is an another angle to this Q

Point1. The test- driving occurred prior to pleading. So that must be expressed in either a past perfect or some such equivalent expression that brings out that priorness

Point 2. ‘Disconnected motors’ is inferior to ‘odometers that were disconnected, because the former gives a feeling as if there is some special kind of odometers such as disconnected odometers and connected odometers.

B and D are in contention. But B suffers from using the inelegant phrase ‘disconnected odometers’.

D is a better choice for clearly bringing out that the tests had been carried out prior to pleading by marking the tests as ‘having test-driven’ and for using the more acceptable ‘ their odometers disconnected’
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Re: pronoun ? [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2011, 06:34
D wins because of ||ism. Charges of ( ing and ing ) ie tampering and having

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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no [#permalink]

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Hi All,

In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no contest to criminal charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than $16 million in civil damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected.

Image

Understanding the intended meaning of the sentence is the key to get to the correct answer choice. The automobile manufacturer agreed to pay the fine for its action. It agreed to pay for the action of test-driving the cars which had their odometers disconnected.

Image

Per the original choice, the auto manufacturers agreed to pay fine for the cars and not for their action. This distorts the intended meaning of the sentence.

PoE:

(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers: Incorrect. Same error as in choice A.

(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers: Incorrect. Same error as in choice A.

(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected: Correct. This choice correctly conveys the action for which the auto manufacturers agreed to pay the fine.

(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers: Incorrect. Per this choice, the auto manufacturers agreed to pay the fine for “having cars”. This is not the intended meaning.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2014, 12:06
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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2015, 03:42
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2015, 07:22
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2015, 20:18
whichscore wrote:
In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no contest to criminal
charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than $16 million in civil
damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers
(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers
(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected
(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers



well, it's illogical to say that the company paid damages for cars...
maybe it paid for having cars with no odometers?

A,B, and C - out.

between D and E - D is the winner.
E changes the meaning:
having cars
cars that were test driven with disconnected odometers -- again, same mistake as in A,B,and C - company paid damages for having cars...no

D - company paid damages for having cars with their odometers disconnected!!!

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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2016, 21:06
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no contest to criminal charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than $16 million in civil damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected.

Image

Understanding the intended meaning of the sentence is the key to get to the correct answer choice. The automobile manufacturer agreed to pay the fine for its action. It agreed to pay for the action of test-driving the cars which had their odometers disconnected.

Image

Per the original choice, the auto manufacturers agreed to pay fine for the cars and not for their action. This distorts the intended meaning of the sentence.

PoE:

(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers: Incorrect. Same error as in choice A.

(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers: Incorrect. Same error as in choice A.

(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected: Correct. This choice correctly conveys the action for which the auto manufacturers agreed to pay the fine.

(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers: Incorrect. Per this choice, the auto manufacturers agreed to pay the fine for “having cars”. This is not the intended meaning.

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha,

I do not clearly understand your answer. Would you please help me more on this? Thanks in advance.
In (E), I thought that "that were test driven" modifies "cars" so the meaning will not be different from (D). Is there any different between "test driven cars" and "cars that were test driven" :).
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In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2016, 07:33
The intent is clear here. The fine is for doing the crime of test driving cars whose odometers had been disconnected with an ulterior motive. The fine is not either for having the cars that were test-driven or for possessing the cars that were test-driven. The company can also escape if its cars were test driven not necessarily by the company but maybe even by some other entity. Only D establishes that the manufacturer itself did the crime. Hence D survies.
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Last edited by daagh on 11 Mar 2016, 08:11, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2016, 07:51
daagh wrote:
The intent is clear here. The fine is for doing the crime of test driving cars whose odometers had been disconnected with an ulterior motive. The fine is not either for having the cars that were test-driven or for possessing the cars that were test-driven. The company can also escape if its cars were test driven not necessarily by the company but maybe even by some other entity. Only D establishes that the manufacturer itself did the crime. Hence D scurvies.


Thanks Daagh,
I understand now!
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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2017, 11:27
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 06:31
I disagree with majority here:

*having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected* this doesn't necessarily convey that this event happened prior to the pleading.

If this said *having SOLD test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected*, then I would be a lot more inclined to pick this choice.

IMO this isn't a good question, move on folks.
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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 11:15
bsv180985 wrote:
In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no contest to criminal charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than $16 million in civil damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers
(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers
(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected
(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers


In December of 1987 an automobile manufacture pleaded no contest to criminal charges of odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than $16 million in civil damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected

Manufacturer was not agreed to pay for cars but for having test-driven cars with disconnected odometers - A, B & C out

(A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected
(B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers
(C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers
(D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected - test driven is correctley modifying cars without odometers - correct choice
(E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers - chnages the meaning

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Re: In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no   [#permalink] 30 Nov 2017, 11:15

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