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In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic

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In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2009, 10:59
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A
B
C
D
E

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In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic recession because many businesses cut back operations. However, any future recessions in Vargonia will probably not reduce the availability of teaching jobs at government-funded schools. This is because Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that education in government-funded schools be available, free of charge, to all Vargonian children regardless of the state of the economy, and that current student-teacher ratios not be exceeded.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A. The current student-teacher ratio at Vargonia's government-funded schools is higher than it was during the most recent period of economic recession.
B. During recent periods when the Vargonian economy has been strong, almost 25 percent of Vargonian children have attended privately funded schools, many of which charge substantial fees.
C. Nearly 20 percent more teachers are currently employed in Vargonia's government-funded schools than had been employed in those schools in the period before the last economic recession.
D. Teachers in Vargonia's government-funded schools are well paid relative to teachers in most privately funded schools in Vargonia, many of which rely heavily on part-time teachers.
E. During the last economic recession in Vargonia, the government permanently closed a number of the schools that it had funded

OA to follow
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New post 24 Dec 2009, 11:23
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The answer is B, because during the recession, children will switch from school privately fund which charge substantial fee to school free of charge fund by the government, so the ratio student to teacher will increase, and provoke more need in term of teacher.
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2009, 22:25
I choose "A" because current student-teacher ratio is higher than it was during the recent economic recession. This implies that studen teacher ratio can't be increased any further and all children have to study. So teacher will be needed and they won't loose the job even during the recession.
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2010, 08:12
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D and E are clearly irrelevant.

C. Nearly 20 percent more teachers are currently employed in Vargonia's government-funded schools than had been employed in those schools in the period before the last economic recession. ------> This comparison is useless unless its a recent situation VS current situation. And does that support the conclusion? Absolutely not !
Conclusion : The teaching jobs @ Govt funded schools will NOT reduce due to future economic recession.

A is pretty much outside the scope since the passage didn't gave us any data about the ratio. May be that ratio will not be maintained in the future. Who knows?

seekmba wrote:
I narrowed to B and C but selected C because i felt that B calls for a leap of assumption.

I have same reasoning as vudsri000 for C.
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2010, 08:40
Well, I disagree. IMO A,
B cannot be true because we are making many assumptions.
1) The students will switch from Pvt to Govt.
2) The parents will consider that "Cheaper Education" is better during recession, and will clearly ignore the Educational aspects for the sake of Assumption. They may decide that cut mis expenditure, but provide good education to children !!!!
3) What if those 25% just quit the school, and do not join any School !!!

Now as the support of A goes. The option clearly states that Ratio of Students: Teacher = is MORE. and "This is because Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement "
Its clear that to fulfill the requirement, Teaching jobs @ Govt schools have to Increase.
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2010, 12:43
+1 for B.

Conclusion: Future Recession will probably wont reduce the availability of teaching jobs at Govt-funded schools

Evidence/Support to the conclusion:
(1) Free of charge
(2) Student/Teacher ratio not to be exceed.

The one that may effect the (2) above is answer:B, because of the switch from Pvt schools to Govt school.

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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2010, 01:52
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A: The current student-teacher ratio at Vargonia's government-funded schools is higher
from the stem:that current student-teacher ratios not be exceeded.

combined: the current ratio, even though is higher than that in previous recession , is the standard ratio which is not to be exceeded. Therefore, current ratio does not guarantee that more teachers will be likely to be hired in the future. Slightly weakening I'd say...
If the future ratio is higher, then there will be more hiring of the teachers. So, to ensure more hiring, we have to increase the number of student in the public school in the future,hence B.

Having said that, I too chose A...just because it looked good, under pressure :shock: .
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2010, 03:43
My logic:
In terms of recession, mant students quit school irrespective of the free or paid education. This reduces the no of students and hence the student-teacher ratio was affected. Hence schools were closed as no students turned up to study.

B clealy states that the no of students even in case of recession went to paid schools. So the no of students to free schools would be more. In such a scenario, the student-teacher ratio would not atleast decrease.
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New post 30 Aug 2010, 13:44
What's the source of this question?
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New post 30 Aug 2010, 16:54
IMO B, difficult question i must say....
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2011, 05:49
Assuming that people is going to switch from private to government funded schools is not assume too much?
Maybe those families are wealthy enough and the economic recession does not affect them at all...

Thougths on that please.
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2013, 20:38
took 3.10 mins and got B. :yikes
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2013, 22:11
1> that current student-teacher ratios not be exceeded i.e. it has to be kept same
2> any future recessions in Vargonia will probably not reduce the availability of teaching jobs at government-funded schools.

Assumption: if I have to increase the number of jobs available even during the recession and keep the student to teacher ratio constant, then the only way is to increase the students (like 1: 25 or 2:50 is same).

B we have to think very far..in economic recession, parents will loose jobs-->can not pay to the tuition fee of private institutions--->students have to switch from private to public--->increase the student ratio at public school. To keep the ratio constant we have to hire more teachers.

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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2013, 00:26
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In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic recession because many businesses cut back operations. However, any future recessions in Vargonia will probably not reduce the availability of teaching jobs at government-funded schools. This is because Vargonia has just introduced a legal requirement that education in government-funded schools be available, free of charge, to all Vargonian children regardless of the state of the economy, and that current student-teacher ratios not be exceeded.

Conclusion- Any future recessions in Vargonia will probably not reduce the availability of teaching jobs at government-funded schools.

Premise- 1. Education in government-funded schools WILL be available free of charge, to all Vargonian children.

2. Current student-teacher ratios not be exceeded.


Assumption- [b] If students increase, automatically vacancies for teachers will also increase to SUPPORT THE CONCLUSION.....[/b]

Therefore, any statement supporting the increase of students, will support additional vacancies of teachers in government schools. And as more jobs for teachers are created, recession would have affected government teaching jobs less ......infact would have benefitted them more..... Now lets see the answers...

A. The current student-teacher ratio at Vargonia's government-funded schools is higher than it was during the most recent period of economic recession. We are looking into what will happen in future.... will teaching jobs increase...which is only possible if students increase... HENCE IRRELEVANT.
B. During recent periods when the Vargonian economy has been strong, almost 25 percent of Vargonian children have attended privately funded schools, many of which charge substantial fees. During recession students will throng free education schools as fees higher in private funded schools... CORRECT...
C. Nearly 20 percent more teachers are currently employed in Vargonia's government-funded schools than had been employed in those schools in the period before the last economic recession. Does'nt matter.... The ratio should not increase. How much is the ratio presently is IRRELEVANT...
D. Teachers in Vargonia's government-funded schools are well paid relative to teachers in most privately funded schools in Vargonia, many of which rely heavily on part-time teachers. present pay package of teachers is not relevant......Increase in vacancies is..... and it can only increase if students increase... Hence IRRELEVANT..
E. During the last economic recession in Vargonia, the government permanently closed a number of the schools that it had funded. What hapenned last time does'nt make a difference.... We are talking of the next recession... HENCE IRRELEVANT...


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New post 31 Jan 2014, 07:50
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The answer is option A, Please all who have selected B or C may see the explanation below.

Here main clue is the constraint that current student-teacher ratios not be exceeded is the clue and needs support.

B. During recent periods when the Vargonian economy has been strong, almost 25 percent of Vargonian children have attended privately funded schools, many of which charge substantial fees.

Reason:
a. We still don’t know the reason why these students have joined private institute. Was it the fee or some other factor? Moreover, how can we make sure that the coming of these students back to public school will not exceed the current student-teacher ratio, till we know what exact is the ratio?


D. Teachers in Vargonia's government-funded schools are well paid relative to teachers in most privately funded schools in Vargonia, many of which rely heavily on part-time teachers.

Rationale: Payment is not a criteria: is out of scope.

A. The current student-teacher ratio at Vargonia's government-funded schools is higher than it was during the most recent period of economic recession.
Well, Option A says, current student-teacher is higher = more student/less teacher.

So, it clearly support the fact that a rise in the number of student in public school due to fee exemption will exceed the student-teacher ratio. Therefore, the number of teacher must be increase in order to maintain the ratio.

Without option A it’s hard to tell whether the increase in number of student in public school will exceed the ratio or not.

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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2014, 02:01
Option A
The current student-teacher ratio at Vargonia's government-funded schools is higher than it was during the most recent period of economic recession.

It is merely conveying a fact that current S/T ratio with respect to some past economical crisis, but how does this strengthen or weaken the stimuli?

It is merely stating a fact that current S/T ratio is larger then some past value, but the law passed conveys that in future it should not be higher then what it is now. we are not worried/concerned about relative past. However no additional data is provided that confirms that this will be stable(ratio) in future. As far it is a neutral statement, neither weakener nor strengthener.
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In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2016, 01:24
Explanation for "B"
Conclusion: Jobs will not reduce for teachers in government schools during recession.
Reason: 1) Current student: teacher ratio is required to maintain.
2) Free Education
Assumption: Students will study at the time of recession. The number of students will definitely be equal or more than the current number. There assumptions are required to maintain the conclusion.
So, the above reason given in someone's post that students will not study during recession cannot be true, because it is hampering the conclusion. In both strength and weaken questions, we have to maintain the conclusion.

Now, our task is to strengthen the argument. We have to give a situation in which our conclusion is more believable.
If the number of student remains same, and the rich students will not shift from private school. In this condition also, job will not reduce. Please note, argument is saying that "JOBS WILL NOT REDUCE". It is not saying that it will increase.
Switch happened: Students will move from private to government during recession. Obviously, the number of jobs will increase and makes our argument more believable.
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 07:43
Hey guys,

People who debate whether the answer should be B or A have missed to internalize one important aspect of the answer choice B.

Choice B says that "During recent periods when the Vargonian economy has been strong". This sets the context for this answer choice and leaving this part would definitely make the other half of this answer choice surely wrong.

If the economy is strong and 1/4th of the children attend private schools, what happens when there is a recession in the future ? It is a common-sense assumption that atleast 0.5% of the private school going kids will shift to government schools, and as the government-funded schools have to maintain "current" student-teacher ratio in the future recession period also, these schools will be forced to hire teachers. This definitely supports the argument.
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2017, 11:36
ludwigfraboulet wrote:
The answer is B, because during the recession, children will switch from school privately fund which charge substantial fee to school free of charge fund by the government, so the ratio student to teacher will increase, and provoke more need in term of teacher.



how did you get this info from the argument

children will switch from school privately fund to school fund by the government.(It is no where mentioned.)
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2017, 08:43
mbaprep2016 wrote:
ludwigfraboulet wrote:
The answer is B, because during the recession, children will switch from school privately fund which charge substantial fee to school free of charge fund by the government, so the ratio student to teacher will increase, and provoke more need in term of teacher.



how did you get this info from the argument

children will switch from school privately fund to school fund by the government.(It is no where mentioned.)

We are told that when the economy is strong, almost 25% of children attend privately funded schools. Although not specifically stated, we can infer that when the economy is not strong, that percentage would decrease and more children would attend government-funded schools.
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Re: In general, jobs are harder to get in times of economic   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2017, 08:43
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